Objectives. The aims of this study were to investigate human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in women with cervical intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer (CC) in Honduras and to identify epidemiological cofactors that contribute to the development of CC.
Methods. Among the 289 patients analyzed, 139 had low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), 60 had high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), and 90 had CC.
Results. The HPV DNA was detected in 113 women (81%) with LSIL, in 58 women (97%) with HSIL, and in 84 women (93%) with CC. Twenty-five HPV genotypes were found. Human papillomavirus type 16 was detected in 41% of women with CC, in 35% of women with HSIL, and in 24% of women with LSIL. Human papillomavirus type 18 was found in 9% of women with CC, in 4% of women with HSIL, and 5% of women with LSIL.
Conclusion. Therefore, implementation of the prophylactic vaccines against HPV genotypes 16 and 18 has the potential of preventing at least a quarter of LSIL, one third of HSIL, and about half of CC cases in Honduras.