Hypertension League/ Federal University of Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Brazil
Objective: Determine the influence of the time of diagnosis and of treatment, number of drugs and blood pressure (BP) control on the Quality of Life (QL) of patients in a reference center for the treatment of hypertension (H).
Methods: A representative sample of individuals registered in the service was chosen. Inclusion criteria: >18 years, followed for more than one year. Exclusion criteria: participation in another study, incapacitating chronic disease. The patients answered the SF-36 questionnaire (scores from the 8 domains were considered) and the investigators collected social and demographic data, time to diagnosis and treatment of the condition, and number of drugs used on a daily basis. BP was considered controlled when the mean of the BP measured during the last visit was consistent with the values found in the Guidelines. Statistical analysis (SPSS version 16.0): partial correlation controlled for age, sex and income, significant p < 0.05.
Results: One hundred ninety-one individuals with hypertension were seen, they were aged 64.0 ± 11.9 years; 72% were women, 72.3% white, 29.8% obese, 91.7% from a low-income family. Hypertension was controlled in 105 individuals (55%). Mean time until diagnosis was 16.4 ± 9.7 years and mean time of treatment was 14.5 ± 8.6. The number of drugs taken on a daily basis was 4.2 ± 2.0 pills. The factors that interfered in the QL of the patients with hypertension are listed in Table 1.
Conclusion: Time of diagnosis, of treatment, number of drugs and obesity interfere negatively in the QL of patients with hypertension.