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General Information and Instructions to Authors

Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy (JGPT) is the official publication of the Section on Geriatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association. JGPT is published four times a year.

Topics of Interest
The journal’s Editorial Board invites submission of manuscripts addressing any clinical aspect of physical therapy care for older adults. Manuscripts may focus on health promotion/wellness care, risk factor abatement, examination and evaluation strategies, typical performance on clinical measures of well and impaired elders, efficacy of interventions to reduce risk and/or improve function in aging adults with activity restriction, research on movement dysfunction in later life, and theoretical models of examination/evaluation or care of older adults. The Editors will consider quantitative research reports (experimental, quasi-experimental, or descriptive), systematic reviews of the literature, qualitative studies, case reports, and special interest papers.

 The Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy endorses the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) .  These guidelines aimed at insuring “transparency” in the design and reporting of research.  Authors who use the checklist in preparing their work and include the flow chart in their manuscript on submission can be more confident that their work will qualify for the review process. Authors are strongly encouraged to include both a flow sheet and the appropriate checklist when submitting their manuscript for review.  These two documents will be required beginning July 1, 2011.

Manuscript Categories

Quantitative Research Reports: Research on a topic of interest for aging adults. The abstract and manuscript should include the following headings: introduction (background), purpose, methods, results, discussion and conclusion. A statement that indicates that the rights of human and/or animal subjects were protected must be included in the text. When significance tests have been used, actual P values (to 2 decimal places) should be reported.  

Systematic Reviews: A balanced and unbiased synthesis of evidence related to a defined clinical question. This type of article applies a systematic approach to exploring current evidence in the literature, assessing the strength of evidence, synthesizing the findings of individual studies, and interpreting the results. Authors should use the PRISMA Statement:  Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (http://www.prisma-statement.org).

Qualitative Studies: Exploration of phenomena or experiences using semi-structured methods such as in-depth interviews, focus groups, participant observation, enthography, and textual analysis to understand human behavior by exploring beliefs, experiences, behaviors, attitudes, and interactions that might explain findings. Headings in the manuscript should include Introduction (Background), Objectives (Purpose), Design, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.Authors should use the Qualres Guidelines (Qualitative Research Guidelines Project of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation) available at http://www.qualres.org/HomeGuid-3935.html

Case Report or Case Series: Reports of the examination and intervention of an individual or small group of aging adults who are receiving physical therapy for movement dysfunction. Case reports must systematically describe patient history, review of systems, examination strategies and findings, evaluation, physical therapy diagnosis, physical therapy prognosis and goals, and physical therapy intervention and outcomes of those interventions. Each component must include discussion of clinical decision-making in selection of measures, interpretation of results and selection of intervention. Case reports do not test hypotheses, establish causal relationships, or demonstrate effectiveness. For a case series, information pertinent to the planning of a larger research study (e.g., effect size) is encouraged.

  At this time, there is no international consensus on guidelines for case reports or case series.  We encourage authors of case reports or case series (whether a traditional “full” report, or specifically focused on diagnosis, prognosis, clinical measurement, application of theory to practice, risk management, or administrative or educational processes) to use the guidelines developed by Physical Therapy, available at http://ptjournal.apta.org/site/misc/ifora_case_reports.xhtml


Special Interest Papers: Topics of special interest to physical therapy care of aging adults, including---but not limited to---topical reviews, theoretical perspectives, reviews of techniques, equipment, or instructional materials. Consult with the Editor prior to submission.

Conflicts of interest and Copyright Transfer
Authors must state all possible conflicts of interest in the Title Page of the manuscript, including financial, consultant, institutional and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, this should also be explicitly stated as none declared. All sources of funding should be acknowledged in the Title Page of the manuscript. All relevant conflicts of interest and sources of funding should be included on the title page of the manuscript with the heading “Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding:”.

For example:
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: A has received honoraria from Company Z. B is currently receiving a grant (#12345) from Organization Y, and is on the speaker’s bureau for Organization X – the CME organizers for Company A. For the remaining authors none were declared.

In addition, each author must complete and submit the journal’s copyright transfer agreement, which includes a section on the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest based on the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.”

  • Each author must download the form in PDF format, complete the form electronically and provide to the lead author for submission to the JGPT Editorial Manager site.
  • All author forms must be completed by the time of original manuscript submission.
  • Each author will be expected to complete and sign the copyright transfer agreement form electronically. For help or more information about electronically signing this form, visit our online FAQs.

Manuscript Preparation

  • Manuscripts should follow the style outlined in the American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors, 10th Ed, Oxford University Press, 2009.
  • Major headings should be capital letters, minor headings should have only the first letter of each word capitalized.  Person-first language must be used throughout the manuscript (ie, a “person with stroke” rather than a “stroke patient”).
  • All abbreviations should be spelled out completely at first usage, with abbreviation in parentheses immediately following. Subsequently abbreviations are acceptable unless the abbreviation is used infrequently.
  • Grant funding, from any source, must be listed clearly on the title page
  • Acknowledgements should appear at the end of the text after the article’s conclusion, prior to the reference section.  
  • Page numbers must be centered, at the bottom of the page.
  • Line numbers are required, beginning with the abstract and running consecutively through the text of the manuscript.  Line numbers are not required for references or for tables and figures.

1. Title page. The title page of the complete manuscript version should include the title of the manuscript, authors’ full names, academic and clinical credentials, institutional affiliation, and phone, fax and email information. Corresponding author information must contain the same. The title page should also include disclosure of grant funding received for the work from any source, including: National Institutes of Health (NIH); Wellcome Trust; Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI); and other(s). If the manuscript reflects work previously presented at a scientific meeting, a statement detailing that presentation should be included on the title page.

2. Abstract. An abstract not exceeding 450 words should be submitted on a separate page. For Research Articles, abstract content should be organized according to the following headings: Background and Purpose, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. For Case studies and Case Series, abstract content should be organized according to the following headings: Background and Purpose, Case Description, Intervention, Outcomes, Discussion.  Three to 5 key words should follow the abstract.

3. Manuscript Text. For research reports, the text is divided into sections including: Introduction,  Purpose and  Methods (including study design), Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. For other articles, appropriate headings should be chosen to provide organization and clarity to the paper. Text must be free of ageist and sexist terminology. Manuscripts must be prepared using person-first language. Language such as “individual with stroke” is preferable to “patients with stroke” as the former recognizes that the individual is a partner in the health care process. If the individuals who are being referred to have consented to participate in a study, then the term “participants” is appropriate. Text should be limited to 15 (8.5 x 11 inch) pages.

4. References. References should be indicated by superscript and numbered consecutively. Fifty or fewer references are preferred.

5. Reference list. The reference list should be double-spaced and arranged numerically. The reference list includes only those references cited in the text. References should be formatted according to the style of the AMA (American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th Ed., Oxford University Press, New York, New York).

6. Tables. Each table should be prepared double-spaced on a separate page. Each table should have a brief title and should be numbered consecutively in the order of their citation in the text. Any references cited within a table must be numbered in sequence with the preceding text relative to the location at which the table is to be inserted. The use of lines to demarcate columns and rows is recommended. Numbers contained within cells should be centered.

7. Figure legend. Figure captions should be prepared double-spaced on a separate page.

8. Figures. Figures should be numbered consecutively in the order of their citation in the text. Sharp, crisp, camera-ready figures are required for high quality reproduction. Submit figures in final form, acceptable file formats include: jpeg, gif and tiff files. All graphics and PDFs MUST be at least 300 dpi to assure quality printing. A signed patient release form must be submitted for figures in which an individual is recognizable.  Figures may be produced in color. The price for the first color figure is $750. The charge for each additional color figure is $150.


Supplemental Digital Content (SDC)
Authors may submit SDC via Editorial Manager to LWW journals that enhance their article’s text to be considered for online posting.  SDC may include standard media such as text documents, graphs, audio, video, etc.  On the Attach Files page of the submission process, please select Supplemental Audio, Video, or Data for your uploaded file as the Submission Item.  If an article with SDC is accepted, our production staff will create a URL with the SDC file.  The URL will be placed in the call-out within the article.  SDC files are not copy-edited by LWW staff, they will be presented digitally as submitted.  For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit http://links.lww.com/A142.

SDC Call-outs
Supplemental Digital Content must be cited consecutively in the text of the submitted manuscript.  Citations should include the type of material submitted (Audio, Figure, Table, etc.), be clearly labeled as “Supplemental Digital Content,” include the sequential list number, and provide a description of the supplemental content.  All descriptive text should be included in the call-out as it will not appear elsewhere in the article.


We performed many tests on the degrees of flexibility in the elbow (see Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, which demonstrates elbow flexibility) and found our results inconclusive.

List of Supplemental Digital Content
A listing of Supplemental Digital Content must be submitted at the end of the manuscript file.  Include the SDC number and file type of the Supplemental Digital Content.  This text will be removed by our production staff and not be published.


Supplemental Digital Content 1.  wmv

SDC File Requirements
All acceptable file types are permissible up to 10 MBs.  For audio or video files greater than 10 MBs, authors should first query the journal office for approval.  For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit http://links.lww.com/A142.

Submission Guidelines
All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the Editorial Manager Web site at http://www.editorialmanager.com/jgpt.

First-time users:
Click the "Register" button from the main menu (on the upper banner) and enter the requested information. On successful registration, you will be sent an e-mail indicating your user name and password. Save a copy of this information for future reference. Then log into the system as an author.

Return users:
If you have received an e-mail from us with an assigned user ID and password as an author or as a reviewer, do not register again. Just log in as an author. Once you have an assigned ID and password, you do not have to re-register, even if your status changes (that is, author, reviewer, or editor).

After you log in as an author, you can submit your manuscript according to the step-by-step instructions on the Web page. You will receive an e-mail confirmation after the manuscript is submitted; the e-mail will contain instructions on how to track the progress of your manuscript through the system. If you experience any problems, please refer to the detailed "Author Tutorial" guide available on the Editorial Manager web site. If you still need assistance, contact the Editor, Michelle Lusardi, at lusardim@sacredheart.edu.

After Acceptance

Page proofs and corrections:
Corresponding authors will receive electronic page proofs to check the copyedited and typeset article before publication. Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages and support documents (e.g., reprint order form) will be sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. Complete instructions will be provided with the e-mail for downloading and printing the files and for faxing the corrected page proofs to the publisher. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that there are no errors in the proofs. Changes that have been made to conform to journal style will stand if they do not alter the authors' meaning. Only the most critical changes to the accuracy of the content will be made. Changes that are stylistic or are a reworking of previously accepted material will be disallowed. The publisher reserves the right to deny any changes that do not affect the accuracy of the content.

Copyright Transfer
All authors must sign a copy of the Journal’s “Authorship Responsibility, Financial Disclosure, and Copyright Transfer” form and submit it at the time of manuscript submission. This form can be downloaded from our Web site,
http://www.editorialmanager.com/jgpt, and signed. You can submit this form by scanning the signed document and saving it as a PDF file, or by inserting an electronic copy of a handwritten signature into a Word file and saving it as a PDF; then attach the file to your submission as a submission item.

All submissions are peer-reviewed, with final decisions made by the Editor-in-Chief. Outcomes may include acceptance for publication, opportunity to revise and resubmit, recommendations to submit to a different journal, or rejection of the manuscript. When resubmission is requested, authors are expected to revise the manuscript as requested, or to explain why they have chosen to do otherwise in an accompanying cover letter. More than one resubmission/revision may be required. The editor requests that authors revise and resubmit their manuscript within 12 weeks of receipt of the Editor’s correspondence requesting revisions. Online submissions should include one Reviewer Copy of the manuscript, in which the title page has been stripped of all author information.

Once published, all material is copyrighted by JGPT. Submissions should include a cover letter, a complete manuscript (including figures and graphics), and a signed Copyright Release form. The cover letter should include (1) the manuscript category, (2) a statement that all authors have substantially contributed to the work, (3) a statement that the work is not under review elsewhere and has not been previously published, and (4) the complete contact information for the corresponding author (address, phone, fax, email).

Compliance with NIH and Other Research Funding Agency Accessibility Requirements

A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the post-print (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. As a service to our authors, LWW will identify to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) articles that require deposit and will transmit the post-print of an article based on research funded in whole or in part by the National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, or other funding agencies to PubMed Central.

All authors must sign a copy of the Journal’s "Authorship Responsibility, Financial Disclosure, and Copyright Transfer" form and submit it at the time of manuscript submission. This form can be downloaded from our Web site, http://www.editorialmanager.com/jgpt, and signed. You can submit this form by scanning the signed document and saving it as a PDF file, or by inserting an electronic copy of a handwritten signature into a Word file and saving it as a PDF; then attach the file to your submission as a submission item.


Call for Editor

The Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, the peer-reviewed publication of the Section on Geriatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association, invites qualified individuals to submit an application for the role of Editor in Chief.

Interested applications should send a letter of intent and a current curriculum vita to the current Editor, Michelle M. Lusardi PT DPT PhD (lusardim@sacredheart.edu).  Dr. Lusardi welcomes inquiries about the role and workload of the Editor in Chief.  Application deadline is September  31, 2012, with the intent to have the next editor assume the role in January 2013. 

Read the full Call for Editor

First JGPT Impact Factor Released!

Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy has received a first Impact Factor of 1.212.

In addition to being indexed and abstracted in Medline/Pubmed, CINAHL, EMBASE and AMED, the JGPT is now also searchable back to  Vol 32 (1) 2009 in:
• Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch®)
• Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
• Current Contents®/Clinical Medicine

Call for Manuscripts

We are open to reviewing submissions on all topics as they relate to Geriatric Physical Therapy. We are actively seeking Systematic Reviews as they relate to physical therapy for older adults.

  • Metabolic syndrome / insulin resistant syndrome
  • Spinal mobilization
  • Peripheral mobilizations
  • Impact of footwear on gait

Call for Manuscripts

Thank you to our Reviewers

On behalf of the Section on Geriatrics and the Editorial Staff of the Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, we would like to recognize and thank all the individuals who served as reviewers.