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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1519/JPT.0b013e31820aab9c
Research Reports

A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Activity Specific Exercise Program for Individuals With Alzheimer Disease in Long-term Care Settings

Roach, Kathryn E. PT, PhD1; Tappen, Ruth M. RN, EdD2; Kirk-Sanchez, Neva PT, PhD1; Williams, Christine L. RN, DNSc2; Loewenstein, David PhD, ABPP/CN3

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Abstract

Objective: To determine whether an activity specific exercise program could improve ability to perform basic mobility activities in long-term care residents with Alzheimer disease (AD).

Design: Randomized, controlled, single-blinded clinical trial.

Setting: Residents of 7 long-term care facilities.

Participants: Eighty-two long-term care residents with mild to severe AD.

Intervention: An activity specific exercise program was compared to a walking program and to an attention control.

Measurements: Ability to perform bed mobility and transfers was assessed using the subscales of the Acute Care Index of Function; functional mobility was measured using the 6-Minute Walk test.

Results: Subjects receiving the activity specific exercise program improved in ability to perform transfers, whereas subjects in the other 2 groups declined.

Copyright © 2011 the Section on Geriatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association

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