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The Use of Household Survey in Leprosy Endemic Areas

Fabri, Angélica da Conceição Oliveira Coelho; Carvalho, Ana Paula Mendes; Cardoso, Virgínia Gomes; Abreu, Mery Natali Silva; Lana, Francisco Carlos Félix

Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association: May/June 2014 - Volume 6 - Issue 3 - p 126–131
doi: 10.1097/JDN.0000000000000047
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to describe a household survey designed to examine how a population perceives leprosy and the prevalence of infection by Mycobacterium leprae in endemic municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais. This is a descriptive study in five steps: the first focuses on the criteria used for selecting the municipalities; the second is the sample calculation; the third describes the routes within each of demographic census tracts that divide the municipalities; the fourth contains the strategies used for selecting individuals in each household; and the fifth is a description of the sample, a comparison with population data for 2010 and preliminary results from the municipality of Almenara about leprosy perceptions. We concluded that the household survey is an important tool for nursing professionals working in dermatology because it allows them to experience the realities of the various populations. It also provides crucial information to support the planning of actions to be implemented mainly in primary health services. Furthermore, when used in investigations on contagious diseases, household surveys can uncover unavailable information and contribute to a better understanding of the exposure, infection, and disease processes.

Angélica da Conceição Oliveira Coelho Fabri, School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais and Department of Basic Nursing, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil.

Ana Paula Mendes Carvalho, School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Virgínia Gomes Cardoso, MSc, School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Mery Natali Silva Abreu, PhD, Department of Applied Nursing, School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Francisco Carlos Félix Lana, PhD, Department of Maternal-Infant and Public Health, School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Ana Paula Mendes Carvalho, School of Nursing, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Escola de Enfermagem, Avenida Alfredo Balena, 190, Bairro Santa Efigênia, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. E-mail: anapaulamcarvalho@yahoo.com.br

Copyright © 2014 by the Dermatology Nurses' Association.