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SUBJECT INDEX

A

Abbe flap, extended, for secondary correction of bilateral cleft lip, 24:75

Abbe flap, vermilion submucosal pedicle, for upper lip reconstruction (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1259-1262

Abbé island flap (Original Articles), 18:766-768

Abducens nerve palsy, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of nasal cavity, presenting as, 24:2198

Abducens nerve palsy, nasopharynx adenocystic carcinoma with intracranial extension presenting as, 25:2268

Abducens nerve paralysis, complications of, 21:610-612 (Clinical Study)

Abducens palsy, bilateral, after head trauma, efficiency of corticosteroid treatment in resolution of, 20:2178-2179 (Clinical Note)

Ablation

cancer, medium sized defects in middle facial region following, reconstruction with reverse facial artery flap, 24:2077

laser, basal cell carcinoma, chronic wound created by, induction of basosquamous cell carcinoma, 24:e617

orophayrngeal cancer, functional reconstruction with supraclavicular fasciocutaneous island flap after, 23:1668

Abnormal head shape, normally shaped heads with no sutures, normally shaped heads with abnormal sutures, and abnormally shaped heads with normal sutures (Clinical Study), 22:173-177

Abortive subtype of frontoethmoidal encephalocele (Case Report), 10:149-154

Abraxane, for treatment of metastatic breast cancer (Special Editorial), 17:3-7

Abrikossoff’s tumor (Clinical Note), 12:78-81

Abscess, brain, from cranio-orbital foreign body (Clinical Note), 7:311-314

Abscess, facial, ultrasound-guided simultaneous irrigation and drainage of, 23:558

Abscess, occurrence of odontogenic infections in patients treated in a postgraduation program on maxillofacial surgery and traumatology (Clinical Study), 22:1689-1694

Abscess, retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal, in children, conservative treatment of, 20:1178-1181 (Clinical Note)

Abscesses, extradural, Salmonellahenteritidis-induced after FOAR, 25:489

Absent ear, bone-anchored implants for (Scientific Foundation), 19:744-747

Absolute ethanol, intralesional injection, for Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma with Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon, 25:2188

Absolute hypotension, in fronto-orbital advancement, effects on blood loss, 23:358

Absorbable biomaterial in craniofacial skeleton fixation, 10:491

Absorbable copolymer, fractured orbital wall reconstruction with an auricular cartilage graft, 22:1256-1259

Absorbable fixation

for craniomaxillofacial surgery (Clinical Note), 11:575

internal, critical concepts of (Scientific Foundation), 11:335-341

in zygomaticomaxillary fracture repair (Clinical Note), 11:377-385

Absorbable mesh plates, open reduction in trapdoor-type blowout fractures (Technical Strategy), 22:2264-2267

Absorbable mesh, demineralized bone matrix and, orbit wall reconstruction, hernia prevention with, 25:e352

Absorbable osteofixation devices, naturally (Overview Section), 14:247-259

Absorbable plate system, feasibility of absorbable plates and screws, 22:546-549

Absorbable plates

and hydroxyapatite cement for reconstruction of cranial bone defects, 20:580-581 (Correspondence)

delayed infection after zygoma fracture fixation with (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:2017-2019

in surgery for sagittal synostosis, 20:129-133

strength loss during molding, 21:644-646

Absorbable plates, and Mimix, in reconstruction of cranial bone defects (Scientific Foundation), 19:1131-1135

Absorbable plating

early failure of, in a patient with syndromic brachycephaly (Clinical Notes), 15:519-522

Discussion, 15:522

polylactic acid, skull defect utilizing, and carbonated apatite bone cement, new method of pediatric cranioplasty for (Technical Strategies), 15:469-472

Absorbable plating for fixation, 7:325

Absorbable rigid fixation

of craniofacial skeleton, system applications for (Technical Strategy), 7:394-398

in growing skull fracture repair, 9:65-73

Absorbable. See also under Bioabsorbable

Abutment, Morse taper-implants, evaluation of torque maintenance of, 23:e631

Abutments, in platform switching, 23:415

Academic craniofacial surgeons, 23:298

Academic plastic surgery, research training in plastic surgery (Special Editorial), 22:383-384

Acanthosis nigricans in Crouzon’s disease, 5:220

ACC. See Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC)

Accelerated aging, optical properties of pigmented polydimethylsiloxane prosthetic elastomers, 22:1574-1578

Accessory alar lobule, bilateral, hidden anomaly in, report of, 24:2220

Accessory auricula

cervical (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:713-715

goldenhar syndrome presenting with (Clinical Notes), 17:669-672

Accessory infraorbital foramen, anatomical and morphometric analysis of, 24:2124

Accessory lobe of parotid gland, oncocytic carcinoma of (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1987-1990

Accessory mandibular condyle, at the coronoid process (Clinical Study), 22:2168-2171

Accessory parotid gland tumors

cavernous vascular tumor of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1493-1496

resection through peroral approach with facial nerve monitoring (Technical Experiences), 18:1419-1421

Accessory parotid gland, right, tri-cavernous hemangiomas in, 25:678

Accessory parotid gland, wide excision of, 23:165

Accessory pituitary gland, infantile hemangioma of (Clinical Note), 9:468-471

Accidental middle turbinectomy, as rare complication of NTI, 20:566-568 (Brief Clinical Note)

Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, research training in plastic surgery (Special Editorial), 22:383-384

Accurate platelet counts for platelet rich plasma, validation of hematology analyzer and preparation techniques for counting and (Scientific Foundation), 16:749-759

Acellular cadaveric dermis, experimental study of (Scientific Foundations), 18:551-558

Acellular dermal matrix

in prevention of Frey syndrome after parotid neoplasm surgery, systematic evaluation of, 24:1526

as sandwich in treatment of persistent cranial cerebrospinal fluid fistual, 24:1314

treatment of ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defect in cleft lip/ palate, 24:e28

Acellular dermal matrix (ADM) regeneration, 21:605-607 (Clinical Study)

Acellular dermal matrix, salvage of calvarial bone graft using acellular dermal matrix in nasal reconstruction and secondary rhinoplasty for frontonasal dysplasia (Clinical Study), 22:1378-1382

Acellular human dermis (alloderm), exposed skull with, one- stage skin grafting of (Technical Experience), 19:1660-1662

Acetaminophen, effect of rectal diclofenac and acetaminophen alone and in combination on postoperative pain after cleft palate repair in children (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1955-1958

Acetylic resin, in conjunction with silicon for maxillofacial rehabilitation (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:152-162

Achondroplasia and Pfeiffer syndrome, genetic relationship between (Clinical Note), 9:477-480

Acidosis, fluid replacement in craniofacial pediatric surgery, normal saline or Ringer’s lactate (Clinical Study), 22:1370-1374

Acne inversa, severe, aesthetic mental and cervical reconstruction with bilateral pedicled expanded forehead flap after, 23:e615

Acoustic evoked potentials in neurophysiological evaluation in craniostenosis and craniofacial stenosis, 8:286-289

Acoustic neuroma surgery, posterior semicircular canal resection, suboccipital retrosigmoid sinus approach to, 24:2103

Acoustic rhinometry, adenoid hypertrophy evaluation with, 25:1230

Acoustic rhinometry, and nasometry, for assessment of effect of rhinoseptoplasty on internal nasal dimensions and speech resonance of individuals with unilateral CLP, 20:308-314

Acoustic rhinometry, in assessment of internal nasal dimensions in children with cleft lip and palate, effects of orthopedic rapid maxillary expansion on, 21:306-310

Acquired cicatricial entropion, associated with transconjunctival incision for facial fracture management, 20:1412-1415 (Clinical Note)

discussion, 20:1416

Acquired orbital deformity, reconstruction of (Clinical Note), 19:1092-1097

Acquired segmental auricular defects, reconstruction of, 21:561-564 (Technical Strategy)

Acrania, skull defect with, ACC, management of, 20:1288-1292 (Brief Clinical Note)

Acrocephalopolysyndactyly, carpenter syndrome, 20:254-256 (Brief Clinical Note)

Acrocephalosyndactylia, osteotomy and coronoidectomy for correction of extreme prognathism in, 21:555-556 (Technical Strategy)

Acrocephalosyndactyly syndrome (Clinical Note), 11:480- 486

Acrocephalosyndactyly, 7:23-30, 8:279-283

fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene mutations and (Scientific Foundation), 9:162-170

in Pfeiffer’s syndrome (Clinical Report), 9:83-87

in syndromic craniosynostosis, 9:201-205

Acrocephalosyndactyly. See Twins with Pfeiffer syndrome

Acromegalic face, surgical management of (Clinical Note), 5:336

Acrylic cranial, implant, as alternative vector in cranial defect management, 23:e591

Acrylic cranioplasty (Literature Scan), 9:303

Acrylic resin, in conjunction with silicon for maxillofacial rehabilitation (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:152-162

Acrylic resins, influence of different base thicknesses on maxillary complete denture processing: linear and angular graphic analysis on the movement of artificial teeth, 22:1661-1664

Acrylic skull replica, computer-generated, produced by laser lithography, 9:222-226

Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, brain abscess of odontogenic origin (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2363-2365

Actinomyces,associated calcification in dentigerous cyst, 24:e311

Actinomycosis of masseter muscle: report of case and review of literature (Clinical Note), 14:915-918

parotid gland combined with, false diagnosis caused by Warthin tumor (Clinical Notes), 14:46-50

Actinomycosis, tongue abscess (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1107-1109

Activator appliance therapy, TMJ changes after, 24:1184

Acupuncture, submental lipoplasty induced by, 25:e507

Acute bacterial suppurative parotitis: microbiology and management (Clinical Notes), 14:37-40

Acute lung injury, calvarial vault remodeling (Clinical Study), 22:194-197

Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), efficacy and safety of early cranioplasty (Clinical Study), 22:203-206

Adams-Oliver syndrome, aplasia cutis in, surgery for, 12:569-572

Adams-Oliver syndrome, clinical management of a rare congenital anomaly, 22:159-165

Adaptive therapy for cleft palate patient (Clinical Note), 11:66-70

Adeniodectomy/adenotonsillectomy surgery, hyperactivity attention deficit disorder and impulsivity before and after, evaluation of, 24:731

Adenocarcinoma, polymorphous low-grade, of maxillary sinus, 24:e213

Adenocarcinoma, prostate, metastasis to oral cavity, 25:723

Adenoid

excessive reactive lymphoid hyperplasia in a child with persistent obstructive sleep apnea despite previous tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (Clinical Study), 22:1413-1415

hypertrophy, asymptomatic cardiopulmonary changes, 22:1401-1403

Adenoid cystic carcinoma

associated with mucous retention cyst of the parotid gland (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1937-1939

bilateral tonsillar (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2408-2409

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), nasal, with intracranial extension (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1026-1029

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), of parotid gland, after

superficial parotidectomy for benign lesion (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:231-235

Adenoid cystic carcinoma, neurotrophic spread of, in maxillofacial district, pre- and postsurgical adjuvant treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:332-334

Adenoid cystic tumor of parotid gland, radioinduced osteosarcoma after radiotherapy for, 21:387-388 (Clinical Study)

Adenoid hypertrophy

acoustic rhinometry evaluation of, 25:1230

diagnosis, adenoid-nasopharynx ratio for, 25:e438

mean platelet volume in, 25:1580, 25:e29

Adenoidectomy, mean platelet volume after, 25:e31

Adenoma, GH-secreting, collision tumor, endoscopic approach to, 25:1277

Adenoma, oral rehabilitation after surgical removal, 22:1996-1998

Adenoma, pituitary, transnasal transseptal endoscopic approach to, 8:159-163

Adenoma, pleomorphic, in accessory parotid gland, wide excision of, 23:165

Adenoma, pleomorphic, of parotid gland, surgery for, 12:565-568

Adenoma, pleomorphic, surgical removal of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1001-1004

Adenoma. See Pleomorphic adenoma (PA)

Adenomas

carcinoma ex pleomorphic, in oral cavity with neck metastasis, 24:e543

parotid tail pleomorphic extending to parapharyngeal space, diagnosis of, 24:e124

pituitary

anatomic landmarks, in microscopic endonasal transsphenodial surgery, 24:1785

endoscopic transshenoidal surgery for, learning curve of, 24:2064

pleomorphic, whole parotid gland, clinical finding, 24:2197

Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT), rare hybrid odontogenic tumor in a 2-year-old child (Clinical Study), 22:554-557

Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, with fibro-osseous reaction, in surrounding tissue, 24:e100

Adenosis, sclerosing polycystic, parotid gland, 23:e449

Adenotonsillectomy (AT), for sleep-disordered breathing in children with syndromic craniosynostosis, 20:1978-1980

Adenotonsillectomy, obstructive sleep apnea management in children with congenital craniosynostosis syndromes, 23:1020

Adenotonsillectomy, posterior plica perforation induced by, 25:e368

Adenotonsillectory, posterior plica synechia-associated, 23:1213

Adhesion, labial, evolution of, 24:108

Adhesions, transpositions and, trigeminal nerve for surgical skills for, 25:1296

Adhesive bonding anastomosis, microvascular sutureless, hollow stents with, 24:1823

Adhesive tape vs. suture, and tape-suture fixation, for endotracheal tube fixation, stability of (Technical strategy), 21:1250-1251

Adhesives, use of, in cleft palate surgery, new flap fixation technique and (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:719-722

Adipocyte stem cells (ASCs), for reconstruction of calvarial defects: experimental design, 20:340-346

discussion, 20:347-348

Adipofascial anterolateral thigh flap for cheek reconstruction (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1897-1898

Adipofascial flaps, new ultrathin oblique volar-to-dorsal reverse turnover radial artery perforator-based, for reconstruction of complex dorsal hand tissue defect, 20:2221-2224 (Technical Strategy)

Adipose grafting, in cranial bone transport distraction, evaluation, 25:766

Adipose precursor cells (APCs), leporine-derived,

exhibition of in vitro osteogenic potential in, 19:360-368

Adipose tissue, fragmented autogenous white, defects treated with, bone healing in, 23:1239

Adipose tissue, tumor of, hibernoma as (Clinical Note), 12:284-286

Adipose-derived mesenchymal cells, 23:30

Adipose-derived stem cells

and cartilage tissue, comparison of chrondrocytes from, 24:830

bone regeneration effect, and demineralized bone matrix, comparison, 25:190, 25:197

differentiated, for bone regeneration in polymer scaffolds in vivo, 25:1504

evaluation of, 24:1072

evaluation of, 24:1072

in regenerative cell-enriched fat graft, to treat en coup de sabre deformity, 23:e103

proliferation, smartphone Wi-Fi signal induced, 25:1902

PRP and, for facial scars, evaluation, 25:268

Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), in vitro osteogenic differentiation after lentiviral transduction with green fluorescent protein, 20:2193-2199 (Scientific Foundation)

Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), rabbit, isolation and osteoblastic differentiation of, 19:360-368

Adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs)

neurospheres from, as neural progenitors in vitro and in vivo (Scientific Foundations), 18:49-53

used in autologous fashion tissue regeneration (Original Articles), 18:789-790

Adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs), osteogenic differentiation: in vitro and in vivo methods (Special Editorial), 22:388-390

Adipose-derived stromal cells (hASCs), osteogenesis mechanisms in, microarray analysis and (Clinical Study), 21:1136-1140

Adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction cells, tissues formed by, 24:636

Adipose-derived tissue cells, mesenchymal, characterization of, 23:30

Adjacent flaps, for lower lip reconstruction after mucocele resection, 23:556

Adjustable intraoral maxillary (AIM) distraction system, removable, for correction of maxillary hypoplasia, 20:1776-1786

Adjuvant radiotherapy

of basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), criteria for, (Original Articles), 18:1024

postoperative, for kimura disease (Clinical Notes), 18:1062-1066

Adjuvant stabilization, techniques and materials, effects on maxillary hypoplasia, 23:812

Adjuvant therapy, primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma in mandible, 25:1137

Administrators (Editorial), 11:73-74

Adnexal carcinoma, microcystic, misdiagnosis and

aggressiveness of (Clinical Notes), 16:53-58

Adnexal skin carcinomas (ASCs), of face, 20:134-137

Adolescence, severe maxillary deficiency in, distraction osteogenesis for, 8:181-186

Adolescent

extensive aneurysmal bone cyst, of the mandible, 22:841-844

primary pediatric osteosarcoma of the skull (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2399-2404

Adolescent population, bilateral reduction mammoplasty in: adolescent bilateral reduction mammoplasty, 14:691-695

Adolescents

with complete bilateral CLP, longitudinal cephalometric study of, 20:1672-1682

with UCLP, interdisciplinary evaluation of, 20:1687-1698

Adolescents gummy smile, classification and craniofacial features of, 21:1474-1479

Adolescents, lymphatic malformation risks in, 23:149

Adolescents, mixed odontogenic tumors in (Clinical Notes), 18:1338-1342

Adopted child management in craniofacial clinic, 6:143146

Adrenalin, effects of lidocaine infiltration on cost of rhinoplasty made under general anesthesia (Clinical Study), 22:2176-2178

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), metastatic esthesioneuroblastoma, in pediatric patients (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1924-1928

Adult

with anteroposterior skeletal disharmony, cranial base flexion of, 19:334-338

bone healing in presence of implantable fixation devices in (Editorial), 19:1435-1437

Crouzon disease in, modified Le Fort III osteotomy in commentary on, 9:486-487

(Technical Strategy), 9:481-485

Adult orthognathic surgery, (Orthognathic Surgery Continued), 18:1197-1208

Adult patients, after otoplasty, HRQOL outcome of (Original Articles), 17:629-635

Adult torticollis, aesthetic correction (Technical Strategy), 21:913-915

Adults

craniofacial morphology and palm flexion lines in, relationship between (Anatomical Study), 21:252-257

posttraumatic temporomandibular joint ankylosis in, interposition arthroplasty and (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1301-1304

Advanced Trauma Life Support Manual, on association of cervical spine fractures with maxillofacial trauma (Original Article), 18:1259-1263

Advancement flaps

anterior scalp defects reconstruction with, 23:1766

bibloc, with internal and external distractors, 23:1444

chin, soft tissue response after, genioplasty techniques for, 25:1383

fronto-orbital, endocortical plating of bandeau during, 25:1341

lsland based, tongue reconstruction with, 24:996

myomucosal, in lower lip repair, technical details, 25:e318

prefabricated capsule-lined, total upper eyelid reconstruction with, 24:1038

Advancement osteotomy, Le Fort III, in growing child affected by Crouzon’s and Apert’s syndromes, presurgical and postsurgical growth and (Clinical Notes), 16:369-377

Advancement, mallar augmentation by (Technical Strategy), 4:257-264

Advances in the World Wide World of the Journal: Value-Added Content, Features, and Perks, 21:293-294 (Editorial Note)

Advantages, minimal incisions for treating zygomatic complex fractures (Technical Strategy), 22:1460-1462

AEC syndrome, acellular dermal matrix treatment for, 24:e28

Aerodynamics, speech, and nasalance in oral cancer patients treated with microvascular transfers (Clinical Studies), 16:990-996

Aerosol deposition, bone formation between bare surface titanium and hydroxyapatite coating in Nasal mucosal penetration model, 24:632

Aesthetic all-ceramic restorations, factors necessary to obtain (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:2007-2012

Aesthetic and orthodontic treatment in Parry-Romberg syndrome, association of, 21:436-438 (Clinical Study)

Aesthetic balance, restoration of, with mandibular surgery, for missing maxilla, 2:95-100

Aesthetic improvement, new modified forked flap with subcutaneous pedicles for bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity (Technical Strategy), 19:1374-1380

Aesthetic judgment, role of upper incisor display in, 20:2006-2012

Aesthetic rhinoplasty, total alar cartilage dissection in, versatility of three-dimensional (Technical Strategies), 21:1922-1925

Aesthetic surgery, state of art procedure of rhinoplasty in (Original Article), 19:1491-1496

Aesthetic, ocular reconstruction after zygomatic complex fracture with retention of a foreign body (Clinical Study), 22:1394-1397

Aesthetics, and nasal respiration after secondary rhinoplasty in in CLP patients, anthropometric and functional study about, 20:1863-1875

AFD. See Ameloblastic fibrodentinoma

Afghanistan, and Iraq, trauma caused by conflicts in,

reflections on (Special Editorial), 19:297-299

African American 3D CT skull images, 9:348-358

commentary on, 9:359

Afroze incision, for functional cheiloseptoplasty, 20:1733-1736

Age

bioabsorbable fixation plates stiffness and, 23:345

complications of craniofacial surgery and, 8:345

demineralized bone donation and (Scientific Foundation), 9:142-146

forensic, estimation with spheno-occipital synchondrosis fusion degree, 25:1212

in fronto-orbital advancement, effects on blood loss, 23:358

mental foramen and, morphometric morphologic evaluation with CBCT, 25:2227

Age, parietal bone thickness and, 11:17-23

Agenesis, parietal bone, and associated multiple congenital anomalies (Clinical Notes), 14:192-196

Agenesis, premaxilla, intraoral distraction of patient with (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:500-503

Aggression, treatment of zygomatic arch fracture with lag screws (Technical Strategy), 22:1468-1470

Aggressive fibromatosis of head and neck, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis (Clinical Studies), 21:1831-1833

Aggressiveness of microcystic adnexal carcinoma (Clinical Notes), 16:53-58

Aging

alveolar bone grafting outcomes and, 25:380

cricopharyngeal muscle, apoptotic markers for, 25:e426

lower eyelid, analysis, for customized blepharoplasty, 25:348

premature, facelift and botulinum toxin A for, 25:e563

silicone facial elastomer shore A hardness and, 25:1217

Aging face syndrome, total facial rehabilitation for, 8:194-199

Aging, artificial, dynamic mechanical properties of ZnO additive maxillofacial silicone elastomer in, 21:1867-1871

Aging, effect on thickness of upper eyelid (Anatomic Studies), 17:474-476

Aicardi syndrome, orbital ectopic brain tissue in (Clinical Study), 21:1551-1553

Air, orbital fracture due to high-pressure air injection (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1506-1507

Airbags, prevent steering wheel knob-induced orbital injuries, 25:e590

Airway

changes in, after Le Fort III osteotomy in

craniosynostosis syndromes (Clinical Note), 7:363-369

in craniosynostosis, assessment of, 2:162A

laryngeal mask, nasolaryngeal ventilation with, in dental surgery (Clinical Note), 9:383-387

management of, operative, for midface fractures, survey of, 8:201-206

nasal, effect of maxillary expansion on (Clinical Notes), 17:1045-1049

obstruction of, in Treacher-Collins syndrome,

mandibular lengthening by distraction for, 5:22-25

management, in neonates with Pierre Robin sequence, mandibular DO to relieve, 20:1812-1816

management, in patients with facial trauma, 20:21-23

obstruction

clinical experience with application of distraction osteogenesis for, 20:1817-1821

in infants, mandibular distraction for relieving, 20:1341-1346

midface distraction osteogenesis in treatment of, assessment of, 20:1876-1881

upper, in children with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, tongue reduction with CO2 laser for, 20:1202-1203 (Clinical Note)

upper, age-related changes assessed by 3-D CT in, 20:657-663

Airway in severe mandibular hypoplasia, treatment and (Clinical Note), 12:337-348

Airway management

of Pfeiffer syndrome patients with tracheal cartilaginous sleeve and cricoid cartilage involvement during surgical tracheostomy (Clinical Notes), 17:272-274

in PRS, subperiosteal release of floor of the mouth in, 19:609-615

Airway obstruction

laryngeal fibrous hemartoma at birth, presenting with, 24:e383

neonatal micrognathia management and, 23:243

after orthognatic surgery, 24:1857

controversies in the diagnosis and management of the robin sequence, 22:415-419

due to isolated hypermobile tongue (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1529-1530

giant congenital epiglottic cyst with, presenting at birth, 23:602

neonatal micrognathia management and, 23:243

Airway obstruction, in micrognathic infants, mandibular distraction with internal curvilinear device (Technical Experiences), 18:1403-1407

Airway obstruction, upper, correction of, in newborn with internal mandibular distraction osteogenesis (Technical Strategy), 14:493-499

Airway space volume, advancement in subjects with craniofacial malformation (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:351-355

Airway space, pharyngeal, changes in, after body

ostectomies and sagittal split ramus osteotomies (Clinical Study), 16:23-30

Airway stenosis in relapsing polychondritis, laryngotracheal reconstruction of (Technical Strategy), 21:211-212

Airways

embolism catastrophic venous, during craniotomy, bleeding pattern in, 24:e228

fire, during tonsillectomy, 25:1822

management, in acute external laryngeal trauma, 25:e70

nasal, changes in patients after maxillary expansion, 24:1336

obstruction, giant congenital epiglottic cyst with, presenting at birth, 23:602

obstructions

large cervical osteophyte-induced, 25:1402

in syndromic craniosynostosis, airway statuses and nasopharyngeal airway for, 25:762

pharyngeal, reconstruction on three-dimensional CT, protocol for, 24:1215

upper

dimensional changes after mandibular advancement, evaluation in patients with skeletal class II malocclusion, 23:e623

MSM-associated changes, in patients with class III skeletal deformities, cone beam CT evaluation of, 24:387

structures, severe destruction of, after exposure to dieffenbachia plant, 24:e245

upper, obstructions, DO for, 25:e288

Aknylosing spondylitis, dysphagia and airway obstructions, cervical osteophyte-induced, in patient, 25:1402

Ala nasi reconstruction, single-stage, lateral nasal artery perforator flap for, 21:1887-1889

Ala nasi, triangular (TAN) repair of unilateral cleft lips (Technical Strategies), 18:186-197

Ala, morphofunctional reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1475-1479

Alar

defect, single-stage reconstruction with folded nasolabila flap and skin turnover flap, 25:2144

web, featheredge rolled-in flap for, 25:2192

Alar cartilage dissection, versatility of three-dimensional, in aesthetic rhinoplasty (Technical Strategies), 21:1922-1925

Alar cartilage, objective tools to analyze the lower lateral cartilage in unilateral cleft lip nasal deformities (Technical Strategy), 22:1435-1439

Alar cinch suture in Le Fort I osteotomy (Technical Strategy), 7:399-402

Alar cleft, Tessier 1, congenital isolated, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:602-604

Alar defects

base, poor inset, correction,"YouTube" method, 23:1137

bilateral accessory, hidden anomaly in lobule, report of, 24:2220

full-thickness nasal, reconstruction with cartilage-supported nonfolded nasolabila flaps, 23:1624

one-step reconstruction with facial artery free-style perforator flap and conchal cartilage graft, 24:2053

web, in cleft lip nose deformity, study in unilateral clefts, 23:1349

use of outsized composite chondrocutaneous grafts in conjunction with dermal turnover flaps for reconstruction of full-thickness alar defects, 22:864-867

Alar margin, nasal, retracted, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:442-445

Alar nose, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1477-1479

Alar rim defects, an approach using mucocartilaginous

turnover flap (Technical Strategies), 18:661-664

Alar rim deficiencies, postburn, root of helix (Technical Strategy), 21:1246

Alar rim neurothekeoma, in child, 23:1914

Albers-Schonberg disease, reconstruction for (Technical Strategy), 12:369-372

Albright syndrome, continual growth beyond adolescence in, 20:768-770

Albright’s osteodystrophy, differential, diagnosis and surgical approach for recurrent ectopic calcification of facial skeleton (Clinical Notes), 17:21-27

Albumin, as drug carrier (Special Editorial), 17:3-7

Alcohol consumption, zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures, characteristics and epidemiology of, 21:1018-1023

Alcohol-induced cleft palate, Tbx22 mRNA expressions during palatogenesis in, 20:1316-1326

Alendronate, systemic, on postextractive bone resorption (Clinical Note), 19:1061-1066

Algisorbô impact on bone regeneration in bone implants (Original Article), 18:1264-1275

Algorithm, hemimandibular hyperplasia, classification and treatment, 25:355

Aliphatic polyesters in delivery systems of osseous repair, 4:137-138

All-ceramic restorations, factors necessary to obtain aesthetic (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:2007-2012

"All-on-four" concept, for mandible treated with free vascularized fibula flap, 23:e628

Allergic rhinitis, olfactory function, effect of immunotherapy, 25:e339

Allergic tissue reaction, granulomatous, after hyaluronic acid injection in treatment of facial lines and its surgical correction (Clinical Note), 14:197-200

Allergies

andotonsillar hypertrophy, children with, role of, 23:e611

role in primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction, 23:1620

AlloDerm

diced cartilage grafts wrapped in AlloDerm for dorsal nasal augmentation, 22:1196-1199

for failed pharyngoplasty, 23:645

Alloderm stabilization, of zygomatic arch fractures (Clinical Notes), 17:403-404

Allogeneic bone grafts followed by protocol-type prosthesis, atrophic maxilla rehabilitation by (Technical Strategies), 21:1894-1896

Allogenic scaffold, and autologous marrow mesenchymal stem cells, in reconstruction of mandibular continuity defects, 24:1292

Allograft bone substitutes, review of science and technology for craniomaxillofacial surgeon and (Clinical Studies), 16:981-989

Allograft bone, human cortical, composition of, derived from FDA/AATB-screened donors (Scientific Studies), 16:579-585

Allograft cranial bone, experimental study: pull-out strength of multifunctional bioabsorbable ciprofloxacin-releasing polylactide-polyglycolide 80/20 tacks, 20:58-61

Allograft repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:104

Allografts

and implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation, Severe maxillary atrophy treatment with Le Fort I (Technical Strategy), 22:2247-2254

augmented, secondary fronto-orbital reconstruction with, 25:1570

computer planning and bone density evaluation, 22:486-489

facial composite of, 23:265

facial composite of, 23:265

facial, immunobiology of, 23:268

facial, immunobiology of, 23:268

prefabricated free and vascularized, evaluation of, 23:732

sciatic nerve regeneration with, effects of IGF-I, 25:1510

Alloplastic bone substitutes, review of science and technology for craniomaxillofacial surgeon and (Clinical Studies), 16:981-989

Alloplastic carving model for teaching ear reconstruction, 21:1719-1721

Alloplastic cranioplasty, PEEK implants vs. titanium mesh in, 25:e185

Alloplastic implants

in orbital floor reconstruction, natural history of (Scientific Foundation), 5:26-33

in pediatric skull reconstruction, 23:67

PEEK-PSI, computer-designed, for reconstruction of complex orbito-fronto-temporal (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:224-228

Alloplastic implants idiopathic orbital myositis (IOM) (Brief Clinical Study), 21:932-934

chin, infected, Kirschnerwire fixation with osseous feniplasty, in revision of, 23:e446

in pediatric skull reconstruction, 23:67

Alloplastic material in skull defect repair (Clinical Note), 11:495-497

(Discussion), 11:498-499

to reconstruct calvarial defects in rabbit model, 4:79-84

Alloplastic material(s)

Bio-Oss particles/collagen sponges as, in repair of experimental calvarial defects in rabbit model (Scientific Foundation), 5:242-245

in onlay craniofacial augmentation, periosteum and (Scientific Foundation), 9:260-266

polymethylmethacrylate reliable and practical in full-thickness cranial defect reconstructions, 22:1236-1239

orbital floor reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1142-1146

Alloplastic PMMA cranioplasty materials, biomechanical testing of (Technical Strategies), 16:140-143

Alloplastic prosthesis in temporomandibular joint reconstruction, 3: 160-169

Alloplastic stabilization, microscrew anchorage techniques for, 2:72-73

Alloplastic tumor of palate (Images From Surgery), 11:65

Alloplasts and autografts, reconstruction of saddle nose deformities with, comparison between (Technical Experience), 19:466-475

Alloplasts as facial implants (Symposium), 10:410

Alloplasts, PMMA for calvarial reconstruction, 20:366-371

Allotransplantation

composite vascularized, ischemia-reperfusion injury in, 24:51

facial

considerations and patients election, 23:260

outcomes, concerns and future of, 23:254

vascular, from solid organto, career reflections, 24:324

vascularized composite

ischemia-reperfusion injury in, 24:51

and tissue engineering, 24:256

Allotransplantation, facial, virtual planning, AYRA software for, 25:1805

Alopecia in bicoronal incisions, 9:344-347

Alpert syndrome

phenotype, single-stage treatment with monobloc minus Le Fort II, 24:596

preoperative/postoperative orbital volume in patients, 24:191

quality of life and challenges in, 23:1104

ALT flaps. See Anterolateral thigh flaps

ALT. See Anterolateral thigh flaps

ALTFF. See Anterolateral thigh flaps

Aluminum (Al), evaluation of metal concentrations in hair and nail after orthognathic surgery, 22:68-71

Alveolar band, in patients with cleft lip and alveolar deformities, 24:e153

Alveolar bone

absorbed regeneration, for severe periodontal disease, treatment outcomes, 24:1599

anterior, compression osteogenesis of, combined with conventional Le Fort I osteotomy, for treatment of severe maxially gingival exposure, 24:2068

Alveolar bone crush fracture, posttraumatic, tooth and periodontal bone defect associated with, new regenerative treatment for, 20:780-783

Alveolar bone graft

maxillary protraction of craniofacial skeleton with cleft lip and palate after, biomechanical effects of, 24:446

in patients with cleft palate, effect of timing, 23:1283

second, bone availability after, outcomes in two age groups, 24:e565

Alveolar bone grafting

(Clinical Notes), 18:855-859

and GPP or GMPF for one-stage repair of unilateral CLP, 20:1729-1732

bilateral, stabilization of mobile premaxilla by (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1705-1707

CLP, implications and limitations, 25:1650

in reconstruction of alveolar clefts, use of rHBMP-2 in, 20:1759-1764

outcomes, effects of aging, 25:380

primary (PABG)

Alveolar bone grafting, primary, surgical technique for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:706-711

Alveolar bone, thickness

at canine and premolar teeth in normal occlusion, 25:1115

overlying healthy maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth, 25:1985

Alveolar canal, correlation of panoramic radiographs and spiral CT scan (Clinical Study), 22:566-570

Alveolar cleft bone grafting, primary, donor site morbidity of rib graft harvesting in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:335-338

Alveolar cleft grafts, secondary, using iliac bone or chin bone (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864-868

Alveolar cleft repair

bone transport and graft using auto-tooth bone for, 24:e65

engineered autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell for, 23:1558

osseodistraction closures in, 23:e72

revision surgery after, 23:378

osseodistraction closures in, 23:e72

revision surgery after, 23:378

by pyramidal pocket and autologous bone grafting, 20:1566-1570 (Technical Experience)

Alveolar cleft(s)

arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:58-67

bilateral, unrepaired, transoral maxillary distraction osteogenesis of (Clinical Note), 10:369-374

bone grafting of, in unilateral cleft lip and palate, 10:58-72

with calcium-based bone substitutes, 22:854-857

with calcium-based bone substitutes (Discussion), 22:868-870

craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:68-72

infant orthopedics prognosis, 21:1503-1507

management of (Original Article), 14:840-846

nasoalveolar complex rehabilitation of, 21:1512-1515

olecranon bone graft for, 21:371-374

periosteoplasty of, sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical Note), 10:415-429

primary repair (Technical Strategy), 22:2224-2226

reconstruction of, reduction of bone resorption by application of fibrin glue in (Technical Strategies), 16:105-112

repair of, with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein in patients with clefts (Clinical Notes), 16:778-789

secondary, percutaneous iliac bone grafting of, 2:135-138

surgical rehabilitation of, 21:1512-1515

for rhBMP-2 primary reconstruction, 20:1759

discussion, 20:1765, 20:1766-1767

Alveolar defect(s)

of maxilla, composite bone graft for, 2:27-32

gingivoperiosteoplasty for (Surgical Technique), 11:54-58

augmented, effects of bisphosphonate treatment, 24:e68

Alveolar distractions, lead system vs. MODUS MDO 1.5/2.0, clinical study, 25:e584

Alveolar distractors, alveolar regions, of the mandible for the installation of immediate-implant fixtures and bone screws (Anatomical Study), 22:1056-1060

Alveolar echinococcosis, instracerebral MRI and MR spectroscopy of, 25:1352

Alveolar extension palatoplasty in sequential cleft management, 10:503

Alveolar fracture, dentoalveolar trauma and, in pediatric population (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1305-1308

Alveolar molding appliance, cleft lip and palate repair using (Clinical Note), 12:148-156

Alveolar nerve

block, inferior, complication from, 24:2178

damage after orthognathic surgery

evaluation by sensory action potential, 24:514

evaluation by sensory actional potential, erratum, 24:514

inferior

in BRONJ, postsurgical improvement, assessment by Masseter inhibitory reflex, 24:692

lateralization and implant placement in atrophic posterior mandible, 23:e347

lateralization for implant placement, incomplete mandibular fracture after, 24:e222

lingually displaced third molar adjacent to, endoscopically assisted removal of, 24:2171

mandibular fracture-associated, 23:1776

unfolding technique in synoptic analysis, 24:e374

Alveolar osteoplasty, bone graft healing in, 23:118

Alveolar process, distraction osteogenesis, hybrid method for, 23:1642

Alveolar reconstruction, under unfavorable conditions, by DO (Clinical Studies), 21:1810-1812

Alveolar regions, of the mandible for the installation of immediate-implant fixtures and bone screws of alveolar distractors (Anatomical Study), 22:1056-1060

Alveolar ridge

atrophy, monder therapy for, 24:e472

dental implant site, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells from, culture and identification, 24:e1539

postsurgical defect, correction with vertical alveolar distraction of onlay block graft, 23:1550

preservation, effects of platelet-rich fibrin, 24:1088

augmentation, bioactive glass for, 23:e220

bend and length of, evaluation of, in upper and lower jaws in anthropological skulls for planning endosseous dental implants, 2:101-108

Alveolar ridge, preservation, deproteinized bovine bone graft, collagen membrane and delayed implants, 25:1698

Alveolar segments, guidance of, by passive appliance in infants (Clinical Note), 12:148-156

Alveolar soft part sarcoma, of tongue, 20:2160-2162 (Clinical Note)

Alveolar traumas, dental and, in pediatric population (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1305-1308

Alveolar-bone grafting, influence nasal profile, case study with unilateral cleft lips, alveoli, and palates (Technical Strategies), 21:1904-1907

Alveolar-bone loss, influence of ridge inclination and implant localization on the association of mandibular Kennedy class I removable partial denture, 22:871-875

Alveoloplasty, early secondary, in CLP (Technical Strategy), 19:1364-1369

Alveolus, gingivoperiosteoplasty and presurgical orthopedics, with protraction head gear for, maxillary growth after, 24:1679

Amalgam fillings, dental, causing iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis, surgical treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:363-365

Amateur soccer, oral and craniofacial injuries due to (Clinical Studies), 17:825-827

Ambeloblastoma, mandible, large unicystic, decompression for, 25:1012

Amblyopia, risk factors in infants with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstructions, 24:1123

Ameloblastic carcinoma (AC), rare localization of a rare neoplasm (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2353-2355

Ameloblastic fibroma, malignant transformation into ameloblastic fibrosarcoma, 20:2087-2090

Ameloblastic fibromas (AFs), in children and adolescents (Clinical Notes), 18:1338-1342

Ameloblastic fibroodontomas (AFOs), in children and adolescents (Clinical Notes), 18:1338-1342

Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma, involving anterior and middle skull base with intradural extension, 20:2087-2090

Ameloblastoma

changes, dentigerous cysts, third molar showing, 25:1564

fibro-odontoma, anterior mandible, CCOT and, 25:e259

fibrodentinoma, mature form, 25:e299

Ameloblastoma (AS)

in soft tissue, recurrence of, 24:1866

giant neglected desmoplastic, removal, reconstruction with free fibula flap after, 23:e171

granular cell, anterior mandible, 23:1928

mandibular segmental, resection, and iliac crest reconstruction, graft necrosis after, 24:e163

plexiform, mandibular reconstruction with autogenous bone grafts and autologous bone marrow stem cells in patient with, 24:e409

removal, segmental mandibular reconstruction after, intraoral microvascular anastomosis for, 24:e265

treatment strategy for, 24:287

unicystic

mandibular, management with biological behavior, 23:e499

treated with marsupialization, pathologic jaw fracture in, 23:e537

and keratocystic odontogenic tumors, immunohistochemical comparison of the expression of p53 and MDM2 proteins, 22:1652-1656

desmoplastic

20:2256-2259 (Brief Clinical Note)

in mandible (Clinical Note), 14:873-875

iNOS and VEGF expression in, 20:171-175 (Scientific Foundation)

reply, 20:176-177 (Discussion)

malignant or benign (Clinical Study), 22:995-997

relapse, after 50 years from resection treatment, 20:1146-1149

with segmental resection and revascularized fibula free flap (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1163-1165

clinicopathologic features in Kenya (Clinical Note), 19:1589-1593

expression of TGF P1 in (Scientific Foundation), 19:1618-1621

mandibular reconstruction with

microsurgical fibula flap transfer following wide resection for (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:178-181

resection of, mandibular reconstruction after (Clinical Note), 12:119-127

(Discussion), 12:128

American Association of Pediatric Plastic Surgeons, annual meeting of, 12:201

American Association of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, special edition of Journal of Craniofacial Surgery on (Special Editorial), 19:875-876

American delight, diced cartilage grafts wrapped in AlloDerm for dorsal nasal augmentation, 22:1196-1199

American Society of Maxillofacial Surgery

members, education priorities of, 25:735

America’s first plastic surgeon, principles of plastic surgery portrayed by the professional life of Dr John Peter Mettauer, 22:2043-2046

Amifostine, radioprotection of long bone growth (Original Articles), 18:996-999

Aminocaproic acid, in primary CVR, transfusion minimization by, 25:82

Amniotic band disruption sequence (ABS) craniofacial deformities in, 9:360-365

(Editorial), 9:415-416

Amniotic band sequence

(Clinical Note), 11:388-393

facial clefts and, 7:408-411

Amniotic bands

compression by, Tessier 7 lateral facial clefts created by, in utero repair of (Scientific Foundation), 9:557-563

disruptive, as a condition with cloverleaf skull, 20:652-656

Amniotic rupture sequence

low-set posterior hairline, 21:1400-1403

thoracoabdominal restricting band, 21:1400-1403

trapezius contracture, 21:1400-1403

Amorphous silicon technology, 11:10-16

Amputation, replantation in pediatric hand, 20:996-998

Amyloid goiter, thyroid mass-associated, 23:e555

Amyloidosis

localized primary cutaneous, upper lip reconstruction after surgical treatment, abbe flap for (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1259-1262

primary laryngeal, hoarseness and, 24:681

Anaesthesia. See Anesthesia Analgesia

facial, lidocaine for, safe dosages of (Clinical Note), 5:124-126

preemptive, in iliac crest bone harvesting (Clinical Study), 9:448-451

Analgesia, patient-controlled, for pediatric patients (Clinical Note), 12:129-133

Analgesics, effect of rectal diclofenac and acetaminophen alone and in combination on postoperative pain after cleft palate repair in children (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1955-1958

Analysis in 3D imaging system, 8:333, 8:337

Analysis methods, surface, of biomaterials used in oral surgery: literature review (Clinical Materials), 16:31-36

Analyzer, hematology, validation of, preparation techniques for counting and, accurate platelet counts for platelet rich plasma and (Scientific Foundation), 16:749-759

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), primary cutaneous, of face, presenting as posttraumatic maxillary sinusitis (Clinical Note), 19:1597-1599

Anastomoses

adhesive bonding, microvascular sutureless, hollow stents with, 24:1823

intraoral microvascular, for segmental mandibular reconstruction after ameloblastoma removal, 24:e265

microsurgical venous, hyaluronic acid viscoelastic medium as aid for, 24:585

microvascular, two-suture fish-mouth end-to-side, with fibrin glue, 23:1120

spatulated, with continuous suture, in microreconstructive surgery, 23:1140

vascular, in paddle transfer of thoracodorsal artery perforator flap for barraquer-Simons syndrome, 23:883, 23:1936

vestibular, cochlear, and facial nerves, 23:1358

end-to-side

microvascular arterial, use of triangulation for, 20:2225 (Technical Strategy)

with “Open-Y” technique on small vessels to increase patency and facilitate anastomosis, 20:2226-2229 (Technical Strategy)

microvascular

replantation of amputated earlobe by, 20:822-824 (Clinical Note)

training model for, 20:238-239 (Anatomic Study)

venous, Doppler sonography in evaluation of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:772-778

with fish-mouth technique using fibrin glue (Technical Strategy), 22:1047-1051

Anastomosis

end-to-side, back-wall, drop-down technique for, 25:1435

nerve, tissue adhesives for, 25:652

Anastomosis time, microsurgical practice evaluation (Technical Experience), 21:876-881

Anatase nanosurface, regulation of microRNAs by, 19:328-333

Anatolian Turkish adults, soft tissue facial profile of,

angular photogrammetric analysis of, 19:1481-1486

Anatomic division, of the orbital and sinus regions, guidance for nasal endoscopic resection of space-occupying lesions, 22:2000-2005

Anatomic landmarks

anterior skull base, for transnasal endoscopic surgery, 25:1041

facial fracture approaches with, to predict location of infraorbital and supraorbital nerves: anatomic study (Original Article), 14:473-477

(Discussion), 14:479-480

maxilla, for greater palatine nerve, three-dimensional analysis of, 23:e199

middle cranial fossa, subtemporal-anterior transtentoral approach, 25:2220

pituitary adenomas, for microscopic endonasal transsphenodial surgery, 24:1785

registration based, in image-guided bimaxillary surgery, evaluation of, 24:1095

venous structure, in nasoglabellar area, description, 25:633

Anatomic models

forces charging the orbital floor after fractures, 22:1641-1645

cadaver head images, surface reconstruction from, 23:190

Anatomic muscle repair, correction of the cleft lip lateral bulge deformity, 22:514-519

Anatomic study of endoscopic pterygomaxillary disjunction for Le Fort type I osteotomy, 7:111-116

Anatomic study, neuroanatomy of extensor digitorum brevis muscle for reanimation of facial paralysis (Anatomical Study), 22:2308-2311

Anatomical reduction of complex cranio-orbital fractures, 4:8-9, 4:18

Anatomy

anatomic basis of percutaneous kirschner wire insertion in zygoma fractures (Anatomical Study), 22:1483-1485

consideration of congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis: localized dysostosis without interorbital hypoplasia (Anatomic Studies), 15:490-496

of gracilis muscle flap (Anatomical Studies), 21:1948-1950

microsurgical anatomy for intraoperative preservation of the olfactory bulb and tract (Anatomical Study), 22:1080-1082

of superficial temporal artery and relation to TBFN (Anatomical Studies), 21:1945-1947

of supraclavicular artery flap (Anatomical Studies), 21:1938-1940

three-dimensional anatomic landmarks of the foramen magnum for the craniovertebral junction (Anatomical Study), 22:1073-1076

vascular, of the digastric muscle (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:114-117

of vastus lateralis muscle flap (Anatomical Studies), 21:1951-1953

width of the levator aponeurosis is broader than the tarsal plate (Anatomical Study), 22:1061-1063

microsurgical, offacial nerve (Anatomical Study), 8:6-10

Anatomy and histology

anterior superior alveolar artery and horizontal maxillary osteotomy (Anatomical Study), 22:1819-1821

and tensile strength of the zygomatic ligament (Anatomical Study), 22:1831-1833

Anatomy. See Facial anatomy

Anchorage of temporalis muscle in craniofacial surgery (Technical Strategy), 7:168-169

Anchorage, controlled central advancement of the midface after Le Fort III osteotomy by a 3-point skeletal anchorage (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2384-2386

Ancient cultures, social attitudes toward malformed and their handling in, 6:314-326

Andipose-derived regenerative cell-enriched fat graft, to treat en coup de sabre deformity, 23:e103

Andotonsillar hypertrophy, role of allergy in children with, 23:e611

Androgen receptors (ARs)

immunolocalization of, in developing craniofacial skeleton (Scientific Foundation), 15:922-927

Discussion, 15:928-929

in spindle cell lipomas of oral cavity, 20:1992-1994

Anesthesia

dental surgery, LMA vs. nasal trachea intubation, 25:e245

dental, LMA vs. nasal trachea intubation, 25:e245

general

throat-packing gauze, swallowed during, endoscopic removal of, 23:1547

without nitrous oxide, middle ear pressure changes in prone position, investigation of, 24:1950

general, local, and topical anesthesia techniques in nasal bone reduction, comparative study of, 20:382-384

hypotensive, and recovery of cognitive function in long-term craniofacial surgery (Clinical Notes), 16:531-536

local with vasopressor, for extractions, blood pressure changes during, 25:1108

local, facial pseudoaneurysm-induced by, 23:419

postoperative effects, transseptal sutures and, 25:602

Aneurysmal bone cyst

of the mandible, 22:841-844

in the mandibular condyle, nonossifying fibroma (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1157-1158

of maxilla (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:1029-1033

mandible, removal of, 24:e123

Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, shunt-dependent after shunt-dependent hydrocephalus, risk and prognostic factors, 25:902

Aneurysms

anterior communicating artery, surgery, head positioning in, 25:2205

carotid artery, presenting as tonsillar asymmetry, 23:1565

cysts, in zygomatic bone, 25:e148

distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery, management of, 23:1388

hemorrhagic dissecting vertebral, PICA-associated, management of, 25:674

internal carotid artery, radiation induced, 25:e380

mycotic, internal carotid artery, 24:e377

secondary reconstruction of the dura mater, 22:84-88

temporal artery mimicking a subcutaneous mass lesion (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:371-372

thoracic aorta, characterization of, 24:e343

vertebral artery, saccular and fusiform segments in, surgical therapy for, 25:1549

Angiodysplasia with osteohypertrophy of oromaxillofacial area (Clinical Note), 12:485-489

Angiofibroma

extranasopharyngeal, in nasal septum, clinical study of, 24:e390

interior turbinate, complication of COinf2/inf laser tubinoplasty, 24:e513

nasopharyngeal giant, identification of, 24:e207

nasopharyngeal

spontaneous involution of (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1686-1689

surgical approaches for (Clinical Notes), 17:15-20

horizontal maxillary osteotomy approach for resection of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (Technical Strategy), 22:1027-1030

Angiofibroma, angiofibroma, GKS for, CSF rhinorrhea four years after, 25:e565

Angiogenesis

embryonic, Shh signal essential for (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:736-744

impact of hox genes on (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:767-771

inhibitors, endogenous, role in Down syndrome, 20:595-596

in multiple malignancies, implication of notch signaling in, 20:698-702

Angiogenesis, facial infiltrating lipomatosis, expression of angiogenic and vasculogenic factors (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2405-2407

Angiography

MRI, prediction of microvascular decompression in trigeminal neuralgia, 24:1699

three-dimensional CT, role in vascular assessment, 23:1222

in mandibular arteriovenous malformation, embolization for treatment of, 21:380-382 (Clinical Study)

computed tomographic, three dimensional, for cranial base lesion diagnosis, 6:27-31

digital subtraction, donor site, before mandibular reconstruction with fibula free flap (Clinical Strategy), 12:608-612

four-vessel (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130-1131

multislice CT (MCTA), before free flap surgery (Original Article), 18:1284-1289

Angiography, MR tomographic, neurovascular compression, preoperative evaluation with, 25:e384

Angiolipoma, intramasseterin-infiltrating, diagnosis of, 23:e290

Angioma, tufted, features in acquired capillary hemangioma external auditory canal, 24:e270

Angioma, venous cavernous hemangioma and, in orbit, 25:e356

Angiomyolipoma (AML)

rare benign laryngeal tumor (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1956-2029

parotid gland, 24:e619

Angiomyolipoma, cutaneous

alar base, radiologic analysis, 25:e343

forehead, 25:1120

Angiomyoma, buccal space, 21:1634-1635

Angiomyxolipoma, in parapharyngeal space, identification of, 24:1724

Angiosarcomas

nasal septum mimicking reticulohistiocytoma, 24:e276

head and neck (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:700-702

Angle fractures, surgical outcomes of, 21:328-330

Angular artery, for nutrition of inner canthus region (Clinical Notes), 17:864-868

Angular photogrammetric analysis, of soft tissue facial

profile of Anatolian Turkish adults, 19:1481-1486

Angular photogrammetric comparison, of the soft-tissue facial profile of Kenyans and Chinese (Anatomical Study), 22:1064-1072

Animal bites, our treatment approaches in head-neck injuries caused by animal bites (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1507-1510

Animal model of holoprosencephaly, craniofacial anomalies of cultured mouse embryo induced by inhibition of sonic hedgehog signaling (Scientific Studies), 16:80-88

Animal, critical-size defect ossification, effect of leporid age in a cranioplasty model (Scientific Foundation), 22:2341-2343

Anisocoria, in facial reconstruction after blowout fracture, 25:527

Anisocoria, perioperative, in craniofacial surgery in three patients, 24:470

Ankyloblepharon-ectodermaldefect, in cleft lip/palate, treatment with acellular dermal matrix, 24:e28

Ankyloglossia

and cleft palate, X-linked, mutations in Tbx22 in families with, 20:1316-1326

correction, Z-plasty combined with genioglossus myotomy (Technical Strategy), 22:2238-2240

Ankyloglossia, laser in, assessment of, 25:e279

Ankyloglossum superius syndrome, diagnosis and surgical management of, (Surgical Techniques), 18: 1094-1097

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS), coronoid process in patients with, hyperplasia of (Clinical Note), 19:1114-1118

Ankylosis

combined surgical approach retromandibular and intraoral to subcondylar mandibular fractures (Clinical Study), 22:1355-1357

dental, movement, DO and surgical technique for, 25:828

of temporomandibular joint (TMJ)

associated with mandibular asymmetry in infancy (Clinical Study), 22:1316-1319

interposition arthroplasty and (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1301-1304

costochondral graft overgrowth in (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1488-1491

fibrous, after distraction osteogenesis of costochondral neomandible (Clinical Note), 12:469-474

surgery for, silicon in (Clinical Note), 12:232-236

sever and recurrent, TMJ in, two-stage total prosthetic reconstruction of, 23:e520

subankylotic ostectomy, for release of TMJ ankylosis using the transmasseteric anterior parotid approach (Technical Strategy), 22:2300-2303

TMJ

conservative surgical approach, 25:988

coronoid process graft for, 25:577

early treatment of, 25:e213

mandibular ramus osteotomy posterior border treatment of, 25:e118

simultaneous chin onlay bone graft,using elongated coronoid for, 25:e38

TMJA

caused by chondroid hyperplasia from callus of condylar neck fracture, 20:240-242 (Brief Clinical Note)

combined treatment protocol for, 20:258-260 (Brief Clinical Note)

3-phase therapy protocol in, 20:483-487 (Technical Strategy)

zygomaticocoronoid, characterization of, 23:829

Annexin V, early detection of apoptosis in mice using, 8:441-445

Annual fundoscopy, for screening of papilledema, 19:121127

Annual trigeminal neuralgia survey, microvascular decompression treatment for trigeminal neuralgia, 22:894-898

Anodized, comparison of removal torques for laser-treated titanium implants (Scientific Foundation), 22:1491-1495

Anomalies

See also Deformity(ies)

brachiocephalic artery, anomaly in neck, identification with video-assisted parathyrodectomy, 24:570

cranial base, associated with complex nonsyndromic craniosynostis in child, 24:1970

craniofacial

array comparative genomic hybridization for, 23:212

inflammation parameters and oxidative stress in patients with, effects of obstructive sleep apnea, 24:1908

dental, prevalence in cleft lip and palate patients, 24:1695

genetic diagnosis of, 23:212

hidden anomaly in alar lobule, bilateral accessory, report on, 24:2220

laryngotracheal anomalies in children undergoing tracheostomy for syndromic craniosynostosis, 24:1423

laryngotracheal region, in children with syndromic craniosynostosis undergoing tracheostomy, 24:1423

sinonasal co-occurrence with nasolacrimal duct obstruction, 24:497

type II first brachial cleft, 24:1832

vascular, current concepts of, 23:220

genetic diagnosis of, 23:212

Hashimoto thyroiditis and thyroid gland (Clinical Studies), 21:1807-1808

in Adams-Oliver syndrome, 12:569-572

amniotic band disruption sequence as (Editorial), 9:415

anorectal, congenital, in blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392-394

brain, sutural, craniofacial clefting with, 2:82-85

congenital

multiple, sagittal craniosynostosis and (Clinical Note), 7:358-362

parietal bone agenesis and associated (Clinical Note), 14:192-196

social attitudes to ward and handling of, in different cultures and at different times, 6:314-326

craniofacial. See Craniofacial anomalies

isolated and syndromic, distinguishing, in

facilitating diagnosis, prognosis, and management (Guest Editorial), 5:208-212

Anophthalmia

in frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:3

Tessier type VI-VII cleft combination associated with congenital bimaxillary fusion and, 8:54-57

tissue expanders for inducing facial skeletal growth in (Technical Note), 2:42-46

orbital conformer for, 23:563

Anophthalmic orbit

reconstruction of, by orbital osteotomy and free flap transfer (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1091-1097

superior sulcus depression in, pericranial flap correction of, 10:487

Anophthalmic socket, reconstruction with autologous buccal mucosa graft, postoperative outcomes, 25:1171

Anophthalmos, orbital cyst with, late referral of, 23:1228

Anorectal anomalies, congenital, in blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392-394

Anosmia, microsurgical anatomy for intraoperative preservation of the olfactory bulb and tract (Anatomical Study), 22:1080-1082

Anterior belly of digastric muscle

asymmetric unilateral or bilateral variations (Anatomic Studies), 18:879-880

bilateral large, bulky (Anatomic Studies), 18:878

bilateral two/three on right/four-headed on left (Anatomic Studies), 18:877

neck and classic type (Anatomic Studies), 18:876

Anterior cerebral artery injury, encephalomalacia in the frontal lobe, complication of the endoscopic sinus surgery (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2374-2375

Anterior cervical flap, application in major head and neck surgery, 24:e465

Anterior clinoid process, and surrounding structures, analysis of, 24:2098

Anterior communicating artery aneurysm, surgery, head positioning in, 25:2205

Anterior cranial base, tumors of, application of supraorbital endoscopic approach to (Surgical Strategies), 16:1070-1075

Anterior cranial fossa

cerebrospinal fluid leaks in, temporalis muscle flap for, 23:539

Anterior cranial, fronto-orbital advancement with medial orbital osteotomies (Technical Strategy), 22:281-283

Anterior disc displacement, TMJ, disc position and condylar changes induced by stretching forces in, 25:2112

Anterior dislocation of right styloid process, basicranium malformation with, causing stylalgia (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:418-420

Anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA). See Ethmoidal arteries

Anterior fontanelle

replacement by single bone, associated with craniosynostosis, 21:448-449 (Clinical Study)

uncinectomy through the anterior nasal fontanelle in endoscopic sinus surgery (Technical Strategy), 22:2220-2223

Anterior helix free flap, nasolabial facial artery and vein as recipient vessels for midface microsurgical reconstruction, 22:789-791

Anterior ilium, bone graft harvested from, evaluation of, 25:1418

Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy complicating cranial vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis in child (Clinical Notes), 16:559-562

Anterior mandibular salivary gland defect (Clinical studies), 21:1769-1775

Anterior maxillary sinus wall, traumatized, importance of (Technical Experience), 19:500-504

Anterior nasal spine, fracture of, 23:e160

Anterior pillarplasty, modification in cleft palate repair (Technical Strategy), 22:1432-1434

Anterior plagiocephaly, deformational plagiocephaly: a look into the future (Special Editorial), 22:3-5

Anterior rectus sheath, with RAM flap for orbital support in globe-sparing total maxillectomy (Technical Strategies), 17:986-991

Anterior scalp reconstruction, use of wide bipedicled pericranial flap in, 20:2248-2251 (Brief Clinical Note)

Anterior segment osteotomy

versus orthodontic treatment, determinants of successful treatment of bimaxillary protrusion and (Clinical Study), 16:234-246

for aesthetic correction of mandibular retrusion, 23:742

Anterior sinus maxillary wall, bone graft application from, in orbital floor reconstruction, 20:512-515 (Technical Strategy)

Anterior skull base

endoscopic endonasal anatomy and approaches to, 21:529-537

low-profile 1-piece bifrontal craniotomy for (Technical Strategy), 21:233-237

fractures

extradural surgical approach, 20:270 (Correspondence)

guidelines for treatment (Editorial Note), 19:713-717

reconstruction

with Galeal-Pericranial Flap (Technical Experiences), 18:622-625

with Galeal-Frontalis-Pericranial flap (Technical Strategy), 21:1247-1249

microsurgical treatment of frontal mucocele sequelae (Technical Strategy), 22:2296-2299

Anterior superficial temporal artery island flap, in intraoral defect repair, 23:e594

Anterior synostotic plagiocephaly, nasal and ethmoidal alterations, 22:509-513

Anterior tibial flap, in through-and-through facial reconstruction, 23:851

Anterior vertical osteotomy for mandibular narrowing, short-term outcome of, 20:1827-1830

Anterior wall

fractured, of frontal bone, closed reduction of (Technical Strategies), 16:120-122

frontal sinus, postsurgical PTT in management of frontal bossing, analytic method for, 24:781

Anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap

buried, monitoring with vastus lateralis muscle flaps, 24:1739

reconstruction scalp defects after malignant tumor resection (Technical Strategy), 22:2208-2211

delayed thinning of, 23:1936

oversized, for head and neck reconstruction, 24:134

for periobital defects, 23:e437

anatomic assessment on perforators of lateral circumflex femoral artery for (Anatomic Studies), 18:866-871

for reconstruction of head and neck defects (Technical Strategy), 19:1148-1153

Anterolateral thigh flaps

free, cheek reconstruction with, 25:e31

preexpanded, for post burn neck contracture reconstruction, 25:e23

rapid prototype modeling and, to reconstruct maxillary oncologic resections and midface defects, 25:1147

Anterolateral thigh perforator flap, PMMF vs., for head and neck reconstruction, quality of life differences, 25:868

Anterolateral thigh perforator flap, reconstruction of face after resection of arteriovenous malformations using (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:851-854

Anteroposterior skeletal disharmony, adults with, cranial base flexion of, 19:334-338

Anthropological skulls, evaluation of alveolar ridge bend and length in upper and lower jaws in, for planning endosseous dental implants, 2:101-108

Anthropometric comparison of portraits of Korean and Japanese beauty in late 18th and early 19th centuries (Clinical Notes), 16:790-793

Anthropometric measurements of cleft face, 11:76-82 (Discussion), 11:405

maxillary, metastasis to, in Hippel-Lindau disease (Clinical Note), 11:71-72

substitute(s) for, bioactive glass-ceramic, in facial skeleton deformity correction (Clinical Note), 11:470-479

and cephalometric measurements, relation between, and proportions of face of healthy young white adult men and women (Scientific Foundations), 14:154-161

(Discussion), 14:162-163

Anthropometric perspective, limitations and considerations of three-dimensional surface imaging from (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:847-850

Anthropometric ratio, facial and cranial development comparison, 23:e75

Anthropometrics

in evaluation dynamic orthotic cranioplasty for positional plagiocephaly, 5:150-160

Anthropometry

accurate facial morphologic measurements using a 3-camera, 22:54-58

craniofacial morphologic parameters, 25:1874

digital 3D photogrammetry, precision and accuracy of (Anatomic Studies), 17:477-483

for comparing parameters measured in patients with cleft defect (Clinical Notes), 17:854-863

glossary (Special Article), 19:705-712

idealized, young and old men portraits, comparison, 25:2223

in assessing long-term results in bilateral cleft lip repair by Mulliken’s method, 20:1455-1461 (Clinical Note)

in assessing surface anatomy of face in Down’s syndrome, 12:519-524

(Anatomical Landmarks), 12:373-379

(Discussion), 12:380

infant head shape changes in DP, cranial remolding orthosis using noninvasive laser shape digitizer (Clinical Notes), 17:1084-1091

limitations of, 19:15-21

measurement and analysis of external nasal soft tissue in young Han Chinese adults, 20:1347-1351

measuring progressive soft tissue change with nasoalveolar molding using a three-dimensional system, 22:1622-1625

medial canthal ligament related to naso-orbitoethmoidal fractures, 23:1151

morphometry of the ear (Anatomical Study), 22:297-300

nasal, 23:821

of external ear in children with CLP, in comparison to age-matched controls (Anatomical Study), 19:1391-1395

of the aging face: age-related changes in eight age categories in 600 healthy white North Americans of European ancestry from 16 to 90 years of age (Scientific Foundations), 15:288-298

preoperative evaluation of craniofacial dysmorphology in sagittal synostosis, 21:1404-1410

study of upper lip and nose of infants (Anatomic Studies), 17:57-61

study of young Korean nose and midface (Anatomical Studies), 21:1941-1944

three-dimensional, facial soft/hard tissue correlation, noninvasive computerized scanning method for, 24:797

use in quantification of positional plagiocephaly (Clinical Notes), 17:413-419

verification, of corrective surgery outcome of cleft secondary deformities (Clinical Notes), 17:447-453

Anti-aggregation therapy, nontraumatic CSDH associated with, spontaneous resolution of, 25:e363

Anti-inflammatory agents, effect of rectal diclofenac and acetaminophen alone and in combination on postoperative pain after cleft palate repair in children (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1955-1958

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, vasculitis of, after liver transplantation, 25:e76

Antibiotic elution from hydroxyapatite cement cranioplasty materials (Clinical Notes), 16:228-233

Antibiotics

antibiotic duration and postoperative infection rates in mandibular fractures (Clinical Study), 22:1375-1377

for Gemella morbillorum-inducedmaxillary sinusitis after sinus lift, 24:e275

impregnated methyl methacrylate, in salvage cranioplasty, 25:393

in bone-ceramic composite, 2:28

loaded calcium phosphate bone cement, mechanical strength and in vitrio antibiotic release profile, 24:1447

local vs. systemic, effectiveness, 25:708

prophylactic, in maxillofacial fractures, 21:1009-1011

selection for open reduction internal fixation in mandible fracture repair, 24:85

Antibodies, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic, vasculitis of, after liver transplantation, 25:e76

Anticipating benefits and decreasing burdens, pediatric plastic surgery (Special Editorial), 21:1330-1334

Anticoagulant therapy, dental extraction and, hemostasis control, 25:843

Anticonvexity suture, anterior, correction of Stahl's ear with, 23:901

Antimicrobials, topical, in pediatric burn wound management, 19:913-922

Antioxidative enzymes, premature suture fusion and, 8:263, 8:264-268

Antley-Bixler syndrome

correction of facial deformity using RED III device in patient with (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:1043-1048

spectrum of (Clinical Study), 21:1560-1564

anesthetic risk of, 24:e21

Antral balloon, with implantable reservoir, for orbital fracture repair, 25:554

Antral lavage, for stem-cell transplant patients, 23:153

Antral retriever, and displaced dental implants in the maxillary sinus (Technical Strategy), 22:2275-2277

Antrochoanal polyp (ACP), bilateral antrochoanal polyps, possible pathogenesis (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1116-1118

Antrochoanal polyp, clinical presentation and surgical procedure comparison, 25:1779

Aortic fusion and craniofacial vasculature, angiogenic defects in (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:736-744

Apert's syndrome

cranial vault expansion in, volumetric analysis of, 23:455

with craniosynostosis, identification in neonate, 23:e209

frontal sinus development inpatient with, 24:321

long-term mandible growth, analysis of, 24:1408

midface deficiency in, correction with Le-Fort osteotomy, 23:1391

midfacial distraction for, 23:184

phenotype, single-stage treatment with monobloc without Le Fort II, 24:1380

simultaneous fronto-orbital advancement and dynamic posterior cranial vault expansion in, 23:178

advancement in subjects with craniofacial malformation (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:351-355

as a condition with cloverleaf skull, 20:652-656

axillary osmidrosis in: management with arthroscopic shaver technique (Clinical Note), 19:1126-1130

clinical findings, genes and extracellular matrix and (Clinical Notes), 16:361-368

corneal ulcers in (Clinical Note), 12:134-135

craniosynostosis in, fibroblast growth factor receptor gene mutations in (Scientific Foundation), 12:580-584

discussion on, 18:459-460

FGFR2-mediated, association of cleft palate in, 20:1375-1377

FGFR2 mutation in, clinical outcome (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:166-172

influence of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 mutations in dural-mediated osteogenesis in pathogenesis of, 21:462-467 (Scientific Foundation)

Le Fort III

advancement osteotomy in growing child affected by, presurgical and postsurgical growth and (Clinical Notes), 16:369-377

osteotomy in, airway changes after (Clinical Note), 7:363-369

Le Premier Siècle for treatment of, 20:801-806

monobloc advancement using RED (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1170-1173

prevalence of papilledema in, 19:121-127

morphology and growth of mandible in (Anatomic Studies), 18:146-150

ocular manifestations of, 21:1354-1357

ophthalmic findings in, differential effects of FGFR2 mutation in (Original Article), 18:39-42

osteotomy and coronoidectomy for correction of extreme prognathism in, 21:555-556 (Technical Strategy)

postoperative temperature course after transcranial surgery in patients with, 21:50-53

simultaneous fronto-orbital advancement and dynamic posterior cranial vault expansion in, 23:178

subcranial facial bipartition osteotomy for (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:147-151

unilateral vision impairment from carotid-cavernous fistula after monobloc osteotomy (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:960-965

utilization of postcranioplasty skull molding caps in the treatment of (Clinical Note), 19:1566-1570

vertical position of the orbits in nonsyndromic plagiocephaly, 22:135-138

and Crouzon syndrome

FGFR2 mutations among Thai children with (Scientific Foundations), 14:101-104

(Discussion), 14:105-107

calvaria and cranial base in, three-dimensional analysis of, 2:162-163A

7:23-30, 8:279, 8:280-281. See also Craniofacio stenosis; Craniosyno stosis

clinical research on (Symposium), 9:598-600

cranial suture disease in, 7:271-274

craniosynostosis in, fibroblast growth factor craniosynostosis and (Symposium), 9:599

elbow in, 9:201-205

fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene mutations and (Scientific Foundation), 9:162-170

intelligence and (Symposium), 9:599

low fibroblast growth factor receptor activity in, stenosed cranial sutures and (Scientific Foundation), 9:92-95

mental function in, prognosis for (Literature Scan), 8:82

monobloc and facial

bipartition osteotomies for (Technical Strategy), 7:229-251

advancement in (Symposium), 9:595

osteotomy modification for (Clinical Note), 7:79-81

sleep apnea syndrome in, aggressive surgical management of, 3:8, 3:10

Aplasia

bilateral

major salivary glands and unilateral atresia of lacrimal duct in patient, 24:e177

submandibular gland, with hypertrophy sublingual glands in a patient with cleft lip and palate, case report, 24:e532

congenital isolated, lower lateral cartilage defects in, reconstruction with dorsal hump material, 25:e411

congenital, external ear canal, as cause of recurrent facial paralysis, 24:e539

Cutis Congenita (ACC)

complex, reconstruction of, 23:e88

scalp, management of, 23:1662

trunk, fetus papyraceous-associated, 23:995

of scalp and calvarium, conservative management with novel wound dressing materials (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:427-429

split rib cranioplasty for (Surgical Strategy), 18:594-597

clinical management of a rare congenital anomaly, 22:159-165

management of large skull defect with acrania, 20:1288-1292 (Brief Clinical Note)

complex, reconstruction of, 23:e88

maxially, orofacial rehabilitation in, 24:e296

parotid, compensatory hypertrophy from, 25:e265

Aplasia cutis in Adams-Oliver syndrome, surgery for, 12:569-572

Apnea syndrome, advancement in subjects with craniofacial malformation (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:351-355

Apnea, life-threatening upper airway obstruction due to isolated hypermobile tongue (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1529-1530

Apnea, sleep,

distraction osteogenesis for midface hypoplasia and (Clinical Note), 12:73-77

bstructive

in growing patient (Clinical Note), 10:430-434

Apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), improvement after surgery in OSA patients (Clinical Notes), 17:44-49

Apocrine gland, pleomorphic adenoma in auricle, from, 20:951-952 (Brief Clinical Note)

Apocrine hidrocystoma of cheek, 21:594-596 (Clinical Study)

Aponeurosis, external oblique, with groin flap (Surgical Strategy), 12:501-504

Apoptosis

Discussion (Errata), 17:207-209

low level, poor prognostic features of Jaw lymphoma as highly malignant tumor (Clinical Notes), 17:231-235

in retinoic acid-induced cleft palate, 22:1567-1571

in retinoic acid-induced cleft palate (Discussion), 22:1572-1573

in developing coronal sutures, fibroblast growth factors in (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:399-400

in mice using Annexin V, early detection of, 8:441-445

detection of, in fusing versus nonfusing mouse cranial sutures (Basic Research), 16:572-578

Apoptosis, markers, cricopharyngeal muscle aging assessment with, 25:e426

Apparent ‘nonsyndromic’ coronal craniosynostosis, increased risk of reoperation in, from FGFR3 P250R mutation (Anatomic Studies), 16:347-354

Arachnoid cyst, intracerebral, ommaya reservoir implant for, 25:e378

Arachnoid foveolae

anatomic survey and the clinical correlation to cranial bone grafting, 22:118-120

anatomical survey of, 23:950

Arachnoid granulation, anatomic survey and the clinical correlation to cranial bone grafting, 22:118-120

Aragonitic calcium carbonate, and autologous platelet-rich plasma, for sinus lift, 20:2067-2074

Archives and cumulative index of published material,

educational value of (Special Editorial), 19:1438-1439

Arcuate expansion of capsulopalpebral fascia, anatomy of (Anatomical Study), 21:239-242

Argenta clinical classification, severe deformational plagiocephaly: long-term results of surgical treatment, 22:30-32

Argyria, rhinopharyngeal, silver-containing drug induced, 25:e149

Array comparative genome hybridization

orofacial clefting, 21:1591-1594 (Scientific Foundation)

supernumerary ring X chromosome, 21:1369-1375

Array comparative genomic hybridization, for craniofacial anomalies, 23:212

Arrhinia, DO for, 25:888

Art of getting information out when it is needed, 20:272 (Special Editorial)

Arterial arcade, periorbital: locations, diameters, and connections of, 20:209-214 (Anatomic Study)

Arterial graft, degeneration and regeneration of perivascular innervation in (Basic Sciences), 15:570-581

Discussion, 15:582-583, 15:584

Arterial supply of lips, anatomic dissection of (Anatomical Study), 19:785-794

Arterial vascularization of extraocular muscles, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1125-1131

Arteries of lateral sellar compartment, 6:61-62

Arteries supplying to medial pterygoid muscle, topography of, clinical implications of (Anatomical Study), 19:795-799

Arteries. See also Carotid artery

anterior communicating, aneurysm, surgery, head positioning in, 25:2205

central retinal, occlusion, paranasal sinus infection induced, 25:e557

facial, injury avoidance during filler and neurotoxin injections, soft tissue landmarks for, 25:1885

internal maxillary, pseudoaneurysm, gunshot wound-induced, 25:1125

lingual, injury, sublingual hematoma after, 25:e61

maxillary, infraorbital branch bleeding after orbital reconstruction, 25:375

middle cerebral, dolichoectasia in, radiologic follow-up, 25:e269

middle meningeal, traumatic pseudoaneurysm rupture, intraparenchymal hematoma induced by, 25:e111

sphenopalatine, pseudoaneurysm, after endoscopic sinus surgery, 25:539

vertebral

aneurysm, saccular and fusiform segments in, surgical therapy for, 25:1549

stenosis, Horner syndrome and, 25:1570

Arteries. See also Carotid artery; Superficial temporal artery

brachiocephalic, anomaly in neck, identification with video-assisted parathyrodectomy, 24:570

cerebellar, distal posterior inferior, management of, 23:1388

cerebral, malignant infarction, without traumatic brain injury, comparison of routine and improved decompression craniotomy, 24:2085

vertebral, stenosis, Horner syndrome caused by, 24:2047

descending palatine, protection during removal of removal posterior osseous interferences for maxillary impaction in Le Fort I osteotomy, handmade retractor, 24:978

facial

anesthetic-induced pseudoaneurysm of, 23:419

variant, in submandibular region, 23:e355

maxillary

hemorrhage in branch of, during transoral reduction of condylar neck fracture, controlled by endoscopic hemostasis, 24:534

and lateral pterygoid muscle, relationship, radiologic assessment of, 23:1465

submental, topography of, 23:1453

zygomatico-orbital, as vessel for microsurgical head and neck reconstruction, 24:e385

deep middle masseteric, in hemorrhage in

resection of masseter muscle and mandibular angle (Anatomical Landmarks), 12:381-385

(Discussion), 12:386

carotid, digital compression of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130-1131

lacrimal, importance of anatomic features of, for orbital approaches (Anatomic Studies), 16:957-964

submental perforating, bleeding during facelift and (Anatomic Studies), 16:1-2

Arteriovascular malformations (AVMs)

surgical See also Glomuvenous malformation (GVM)

in masseter muscle, 20:1292-1294 (Brief Clinical Note)

management issues in, (Clinical Notes), 18:1091-1093

of upper extremity, diffuse, pharmacological treatment of, 20:597-602

resection, scalp contour defect after, dermal fat graft for, 23:e380

resection of, using anterolateral thigh perforator flap, reconstruction of face after (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:851-854

sublingual

intramuscular, surgical treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1496-1500

in children

management of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:779-782

clinical feature of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:783-789

diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:761-766

embolization for treatment of, 21:380-382 (Clinical Study)

huge, extending from lower lip to chin, surgical treatment following, combination of embolization, total resection, and double cross lip flap for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:443-448

of lower lip, intraoral excision of, 21:268-270 (Brief Clinical Note)

management, in maxillofacial region (Technical Experience), 21:916-918

SCCA from, resection of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:805-809

mouth floor, dysarthria/difficulty in swallowing with, 23:e86

supraclavicular flap reconstructive strategy for massive facial (Clinical Study), 22:931-936

intraosseous, of mandible, combination of embolization and surgery for (Brief Clinical Note), 19:816-819

Arteriovenous fistula (AVFs), of the superficial temporal artery after manual reduction of temporomandibular joint dislocation (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1959-1960

Arteriovenous malformation

hemifacial spasm with trigeminal neuralgia induced, 25:907

maxillary, comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation, 25:e463

Artex-Calotte System in comminuted panfacial fracture management, 9:514-521

Arthritis. See also Osteoarthritis

juvenile idiopathic/rheumatoid arthritis, mandibular osteotomy without orthognatic surgery for, 24:1940

septic, in TMJ, 23:1752

Arthrocentesis

in menopausal/nonmenopausal women, outcome comparison, 25:e592

with/without corticosteroids, for internal derangement pain, 25:e571

Arthrocentesis, for TMJ closed lock management, 24:1347

Arthrogryposis

diagnosis and therapeutic planning for patients seeking orthodontic treatment or orthognathic surgery (Clinical Notes), 18:838-843

Arthroplasty, TMJA, combined treatment protocol for, 20:258-260 (Brief Clinical Note)

Arthroscopic surgery, removal of 112 loose bodies in TMJ synovial chrondromoastosis, 24:2166

Arthroscopy, intra-articular adhesion risk in TMJ after, 25:e26

Articaine

four percent and 2% lidocaine, hemodynamic changes, comparison with epinephrine, 23:1204

HCl, with epinephrine, hemodynamic changes, comparison with lidocaine HCl with epinephrine, 23:1703

Articular cartilage, NEL-like molecular I injection in, for protection in TMJ osteoarthritis, 23:e55

Articular eminence extensions, TMJ synovial chondromatosis with, treatment of, 23:716

Articular fossa, temporomandibular, surgical technique for protection of (Surgical Strategies), 17:523-527

Articulation

after maxillary advancement in cleft lip and palate patients commentary on, 9:183-184

(Scientific Foundation), 9:177-182

mandibular distraction osteogenesis and, 7:186-191

Artificial aging, dynamic mechanical properties of ZnO additive maxillofacial silicone elastomer in, 21:1867-1871

Artificial dermis

as substitute for split-thickness skin graft in treatment of oral submucous fibrosis, 20:443-445 (Clinical Note)

reconstruction, of a defect on the buccal mucosa and prolabium (Technical Strategy), 22:1013-1014

Artificial dura mater, infections, free fascia lata for, 25:1252

Artificial insemination, inherited Treacher-Collins syndrome in twins after (Clinical Note), 5:127-129

Artificial skin substitutes in children, management of giant congenital nevi with (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:904-907

Artificial tooth, influence of different base thicknesses on maxillary complete denture processing, linear and angular graphic analysis, 22:1661-1664

Ascending necrotizing fascitis, odontogenic infections-associated with, 23:e211

Ascher syndrome, management of, 23:e370

Aseptic meningitis following craniofacial reconstruction, pseudomeningocele complicating, 1:179

Asher-McDade system, for nasolabial appearance rating in UCLP, 20:1683-1686

Asian reduction malarplasty: wedge-section osteotomy vs. conventional procedures, 20:1856-1861

discussion, 20:1862

Asians

autologous chondro-osseous graft, for rhinoplasty (Clinical Study), 21:1122-1125

polytetrafluoroethylene implants, nasal dorsal augmentation rhinoplasty in, 21:1750-1757

silicone gel, effects on surgical scars, 21:706-709

topography of maxillary artery, transantral approach in (Anatomical study), 21:1284-1289

Aspergillosis

in onodi cell mucocele, visual loss from, 25:512

orbital apex syndrome induced by, 25:e191

Aspergillosis, isolated intraventricular, in schizophrenic patient (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1291-1294

Aspergillus, and Mycobacterium infections after preserved fat grafting, 24:1676

Aspiration

betadine, interstitial pneumonitis after, 23:1787

bullet, mandibular gunshot wound with, 23:e540

and wall rupture, with sclerotherapy, for cystic lymphangiomas, 23:1117

of tooth in maxillofacial injuries, 20:558-560 (Brief Clinical Note)

Aspiration pneumonitis

double mandibular fracture and, 25:e569

povidone-iodine aspiration induced during reduction surgery, 25:e172

Aspirin, induced double consecutive retrobulbar hemorrhage in high-risk patient, 23:1782

Assessment form, patient, for septorhinoplasty (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1837-1838

Assessment of outcome

in anterior plagiocephaly (Symposium), 9:580-582

in posterior plagiocephaly (Symposium), 9:577-580

Assessment of study population, on surgical extraction of third molars, at risk for inferior alveolar nerve injury, 21:2003-2007

Asymmetric cranium, current concepts in deformational plagiocephaly, 22:6-7

Asymmetric distortion, deformational plagiocephaly: a look into the future (Special Editorial), 22:3-5

Asymmetric facial malformations, reference planes (two) used for the study of, evaluation of, 20:41-45

Asymmetric genioplasty, correction of asymmetric chin in adult (Technical Strategy), 22:233-237

Asymmetric overgrowth, craniofacial hyperostoses of mosaic pattern in a patient not meeting proteus syndrome criteria (Clinical Study), 22:2135-2140

Asymmetric skull shapes: diagnostic and therapeutic consideration, 14:696-697

Asymmetrical deformity of facial skeleton, endoscopic surgery on, using neuronavigator, 7:326-332

Asymmetry(ies)

facial

3D analysis in, 20:417-422 (Clinical Note)

flip-registration procedure of 3D laser surface scanning images on quantitative evaluation of, 20:157-160 (Clinical Note)

management of temporomandibular joint ankylosis associated with mandibular asymmetry in infancy (Clinical Study), 22:1316-1319

mandibular, and fourth dimension, 20:622-631

masseter myosin heavy chain composition varies with mandibular asymmetry (Scientific Foundation), 22:1093-1098

perception of, in face (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:128-134

zygomaticomaxillary asymmetry in craniofacial fibrous dysplasia, correction using orbital wall decompression and zygoma reduction, 20:326-330

Asymmetry. See Facial asymmetry

Atelectasis, of maxillary sinus, causing enophthalmos, 20:2156-2159 (Clinical Note)

Ateriovenous malformation, spindle cell hemangioendothelioma mimicking, 25:e312

Athelia, pediatric breast deformity (Clinical Notes), 17:454-467

Atheroma, carotid artery, lateral radiograph detection, 25:1579

Athymic Calvarial defects, bone regeneration with Accell DBM100 (Original Articles), 18:497-503

Athymic nude mouse model, of nonhealing critical-sized calvarial defects, applications of (Scientific Foundation), 19:192-197

Atlantik. See trical β-Tricalcim phosphate-hydroxyl apatite mixture

Atlantoaxial joint, subluxation of (Clinical Note), 19:1119-1121

Atomic force microscopy (AFM), for study of micromechanical properties of (Scientific Foundation), 17:91-97

Atresia

aural, microtia and congenital, comparison, 23:1733

lacrimal duct and bilateral aplasia of salivary glands in patient, 24:e177

Atresia, congenital choanal, transnasal endoscopic surgery for, 25:892

Atrial myxoma, multiple metastatic intracranial lesions-associated, imaging manifestations of, 24:651

Atrophic edentulous maxilla retreatment, zygomatic fixtures for, 21:803-805

Atrophic jaw reconstruction, by calvarial bone graft (Clinical Study), 21:1147-1151

Atrophic maxilla

rehabilitation, autogenous and allogeneic bone grafts followed by protocol-type prosthesis for (Technical Strategies), 21:1894-1896

simultaneous Le Fort I osteotomy and computer-guided implant placement (Technical Strategy), 22:1042-1046

Atrophy

alveolar, modern therapy for, 24:e472

progressive hemifacial, surgical correction with onlay bone graft and soft tissue augmentation, 23:1841

Atrophy of cheek, unilateral, autologous fat injection as treatment of choice for, 20:423-425 (Clinical Note)

Atrophy, progressive hemifacial, esthetic restorations, structural fat grafting vs. local/free flaps for, 25:783

Attachment system, stress distribution in bone of mandibular overdentures, 21:696-701

Atypical lipomatous tumor, in submental region (Clinical Note), 19:1558-1560

Atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma, of the neck (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1122-1124

Audiologic findings in, Pfeiffer syndrome, 21:1411-1418

Audit of burns, first bioabsorbable fixation system, 22:404-407

Auditory canal cyst, external, pseudomeningocele presenting as, 24:e235

Auditory canal, external

acquired capillary hemangioma with tufted angioma features in, 24:e270

arterivenous malformation of, lethal bleeding from multidisciplinary study of, 24:2179

bishosphonate-osteonecrosis of, 24:2218

reconstruction with laterocervical twisted flap, 24:e224

epidermal inclusion cyst of (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1290-1291

external, reconstruction of, ultrathin fibroscopic evaluation of, 9:228-233

Augmentation

alveolar defects, effects of bisphosphonate, 24:e68

alveolar ridge, bioactive glass for, 23:e220

by autologous adipose tissue in cleft lip and nose, final esthetic touches in clefts: part I (Technical Strategies), 15:478-481

Discussion, 15:482

corticotomy-assistedpresurgical orthodontics of class III malocclusions, cephalometric and cone-beam CT study of, 24:1882

dorsal, collagen sheet for, 25:1852

expanded polytetrafluoroethylense of chin severe bone resorption in, 24:1711

facial, silicone injection for, neck pseudocysts after, 25:e474

fixation of split calvarial graft in nasal reconstruction (Surgical Strategies), 17:131-138

keratinized tissue, during implant rehabilitation after Le Fort I, 25:799

malar, by osteotomy and advancement (Technical Strategy), 4:257-264

maxillary

bone, implant-related, autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells and β-TCP for, 23:1728

sinus, formation of cyst after, 24:e521

maxillary sinus, VEGF expression after, 25:835

mentoplasty, using custom-design wire cage (Clinical Note), 14:884-892

onlay bone, and bilateral open sinus lifting with simultaneous implant placement, 25:e193

paranasal, with porous polyethylene implant, titanium screw entry into sphenoid sinus during, 23:394

rhinoplasty

nasal periosteum and implant position after, cadaveric study, 23:1163

silicone implant and cartilage grafts combined for, 24:494

subperiosteal plane for, placement of Gore-Tex in, 23:e359

using folded dermal graft, 24:1758

rhinoplasty

in Asians, polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex) implants for, 21:1750-1757

sinus floor

augmentation, maxillary sinus surgical template in, evaluation of, 24:e606

in presence of large antral pseudocyst, evaluation of, 23:e535

sinus, procedures, concepts and complications associated with, 25:e210

soft tissue, and onlay bone graft, for correction of progressive hemifacial atrophy, 23:1841

surgery

for facial bone deformities associated with hemifacial microsomia, 2:181-188

combined bone and soft-tissue augmentation surgery in temporo-orbital contour reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 22:266-268

temporoplasty, classic dermal fat graft with, 23:e234

vertical ridge, atrophic posterior mandible with custom-made, computer-aided design/manufacturing porous hydroxyapatite scaffolds, 24:856

volumetric, lateral approach, for enophthalmos-related medial orbital fractures, 23:762

Augmented reality, for mandibular angle oblique split osteotomy, registration strategy using occlusal splint (Technical Strategy), 22:1806-1809

Aural atresia

congenital, clinical study of, 24:e418

microtia and congenital, comparison, 23:1733

Aural rehabilitation with osseointegrated implants (Technical Strategy), 9:388-393

Auricle

external defect, prosthetic rehabilitation with silicone rubber, 24:e302

malignancies, with intact anterior/posterior skin, surgical treatment of, 24:350

prosthesis, long-term quality of life assessment in patients with, 24:392

reconstruction after amputation, 23:e241

burned ear reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1165-1169

pleomorphic adenoma in, 20:951-952 (Brief Clinical Note)

Auricle, MCC in, characterization of, 25:2266

Auricular and fronto-temporo-orbital regions, patients with neurofibromatosis of, excision and “transcutaneous” lift in, 20:771-774

Auricular composite graft, for skin defect of philtrum dimple (Technical Strategies), 14:228-234

Auricular deformities, correction of, in auriculo-condylar syndrome (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:489-491

Auricular extraskeletal chondroma (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1990-1991

Auricular prosthesis

fabrication using CT and rapid prototyping technique, 20:1169-1172 (Clinical Note)

restoration using rapid prototyping, 20:321-325

Auricular prosthesis, implant-retained (Clinical Studies), 21:1795-1797

Auricular protection after ear surgery

door knob cover for (Technical Experiences), 18:1416-1418

using dust mask (Technical Strategy), 19:1639-1640

Auricular reconstruction

expanded flaps infection during (Technical Strategies), 21:1622-1625

low-temperature thermoplastic splint as individual earmuffs in (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1975-1976

rupture treatment of (Technical Strategies), 21:1622-1625

in mild cases of conchal type microtia (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1115-1119

cranial implant-based (Clinical Notes), 17:889-897

Auriculo-condylar syndrome, correction of auricular and mandibular deformities in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:489-491

Australian Craniofacial Unit (ACFU), a new syndrome, 22:118-120

Auto-tooth bone, for bone transport and graft in alveolar cleft repair, 24:e65

Autofluorescence, of mucosal lesions, in patients at risk for oral cancer (Technical Strategies), 21:1899-1903

Autogenous bone graft(s)

corticocancellous, in bone-ceramic composite, 2:27

for cranial bone defects repair (discussion), 19:675-677

for cranial osseous defects, 3:67

in facial reconstruction (Symposium), 10:404-405

followed by protocol-type prosthesis for atrophic maxilla rehabilitation (Technical Strategies), 21:1894-1896

stereologic analysis of bone, 21:735-740

and low-power laser for repairing skull defects, stimulation of osteogenesis in (Experimental Study), 17:297-301

for pure medial orbital wall fracture, management of, 24:e475

hydroxyapatite cement use in the reconstruction of the craniofacial skeleton (Clinical Study), 22:2144-2147

basic science/clinical implications of, 23:323

for reconstruction of craniofacial bony defects (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:953-958

Autogenous bone graft, harvested from mandibular ramus in atrophic maxilla, resorption, CT analysis, 25:e543

Autogenous bone in reconstruction of severe zygo-matico- orbital fracture with dislocation of globe into antrum (Clinical Note), 4:95-101

Autogenous calvarial bone graft harvest, intraoperational complications of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:312-318

Autogenous calvarial bone, defects using, biomechanical effects of using cranioplasty for, 23:e152

Autogenous dermal fat, reconstruction of severe anophthalmic orbits and atresic eye sockets after enucleation and irradiation of retinoblastoma by vascular anastomosed free dorsalis pedis flaps’ transplantation, 22:792-796

Autogenous fascial grafts, for closure of CSF leaks in high-risk patients, 20:743-747

Autogenous fat grafting, 23:315

Autogenous growth factors, 23:20

Autogenous platelet-rich plasma in combination with bovine-derived hydroxyapatite xenograft for treatment of cystic lesion of jaw (Clinical Notes), 16:978-980

Autogenous rib grafts, for restoration of mandibular continuity defects in newborns and young children (Clinical Notes), 17:255-260

Autogenous split calvarial bone grafts

skull reconstruction

nonautogenous materials vs., 25:1337

thickness changes after, 25:1241

thickness changes after skull defect reconstruction, 25:1241

Autograft

cranioplasty with (Point of View), 6:80-83

Autograft cranial reconstruction, metallic alloplasts for (Scientific Foundation), 7:460-464

Autograft repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:103-104

Autografts

bone, effects at different cranial locations, 24:339

cartilage, nail xenografts and, in eyelid reconstruction, comparative analysis of, 23:1028

SMAS strip, in facial lift, 24:583

with DBM and cancellous allograft for mandibular reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 18:95-100

discussion on, 18:101-103

Autologous blood transfusion

in surgical program for craniosynostosis (Clinical Note), 12:479-484

systems, variations in, 20:580 (Correspondence)

Autologous bone graft

bicalcium phosphate filling-up after calvarial unicortical harvesting in maxillofacial surgery (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2392-2396

bone harvesting for maxillofacial reconstructions (Clinical Study), 22:178-180

pitfall of reconstruction for severe enophthalmos, role of the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus-2 (Clinical Study), 22:1351-1353

Autologous bone grafting, acute on-table DO with, RED frame for, 25:1843

Autologous bone grafting, and pyramidal pocket for alveolar cleft repair, 20:1566-1570 (Technical Experience)

Autologous bone, and bioglass, in cranial reconstruction (Original Article), 18:1290-1295

Autologous bone, harvesting, relation to posterior mandible, anatomical radiographic evaluation, 25:e475

Autologous cartilage, experimental study of (Scientific Foundations), 18:551-558

Autologous chondro-osseous graft, for rhinoplasty, in Asian patients (Clinical Study), 21:1122-1125

Autologous ear reconstruction, 21:561-564 (Technical Strategy)

Autologous fascia lata, reenforced by on-site pedicled muscle flap in duraplasty, 20:435-438 (Clinical Note)

Autologous fat grafts, scar treatment with, comment, 25:726

Autologous fat injection, as treatment for unilateral atrophy of cheek, 20:423-425 (Clinical Note)

Autologous fat transfer, craniofacial, 20:273-274 (Special Editorial)

Autologous fat transplantation, for tracheostomy scar management, 24:1361

Autologous graft in TMJ reconstruction, TMJ function after, 8:383-390

Autologous marrow mesenchymal stem cells, and allogenic scaffold, in reconstruction of mandibular continuity defects, 24:1292

Autologous particulate bone grafting, in osseous defect reduction after cranial expansion, 21:318-321

Autologous serum, human bone marrow-derived MSCs cultured with, cryopreserved, osteogenic potential of, 19:693-700

Autologous, stump rotation in a nerve autograft by 2 factors, cross-connection and difference in diameter (Scientific Foundation), 22:1087-1092

Automatic hole repairing for cranioplasty using Bezier surface approximation (Technical Strategies), 16:1076-1084

Autotransplantation, cranial suture commentary on, 9:440

(Scientific Foundation), 9:404-409

Avascular necrosis of jaws, new treatment of (Clinical Notes), 17:1080-1083

Avascular osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) treatment, ozone therapy for, (Clinical Notes), 18:1071-1074

Avascular, necrosis of mandibular condyle causing fibrous ankylosis of temporomandibular joint in sickle cell anemia (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:1052-1056

Avastin, for treatment of giant cell tumor of jaw, 20:2245-2248 (Brief Clinical Note)

AVM. See Arteriovenous malformation

Avulsion, globe, after maxillofacial trauma, 23:1097

Avulsion, near-total ear avulsion, survival in, anatomic basis for, 20:245-248 (Brief Clinical Note)

Axial aponeurofasciocutaneous groin flap (Surgical Strategy), 12:501-504

Axial hypotonia, classification and pathogenic models of unintentional postural cranial deformities in infants, 22:33-40

Axial implants, for partial fixed rehabilitation of posterior maxilla, 25:851

Axial length of eyeball (ALE), and eye volume, association between, 20:233-237 (Anatomic Study)

Axillary osmidrosis in Apert syndrome: management with arthroscopic shaver technique (Clinical Note), 19:1126-1130

AXIN2 gene in causation of congenital tooth agenesis, 20:1652-1654

Axiography, clinical and instrumental evaluation of the temporomandibular joint, 22:527-530

AYRA software, virtual planning in facial allotransplantation, 25:1805

B

B cell lymphoma

diffuse large, orbital, management of, 25:e371

paranasal sinuses, presenting as cavernous sinus syndrome, 25:e338

B-cell lymphoma

diffuse large

nasal cavity presenting as abducens nerve palsy, 24:2198

with oral manifestations (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1144-1146

primary diffuse large, in ethmoido-orbital region, 24:e602

primary marginal zone, in larynx, 23:e1

Bacitracin, clinical management of a rare congenital anomaly, 22:159-165

Back, glomus tumor of, 20:2153-2155 (Clinical Note)

Backward planning, 23:272

Bacteremia, cleft lip and palate surgery-associated, prevalence and bacteriology of, 24:1126

Bacteremia, direct rigid laryngoscopy-related risk, 25:e89

Bacterial and fungal infection, in immunocompromised patients (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578-584

Bacterial exposure required to induce rabbit calvarial bone graft infection by superficial contamination (Scientific Foundation), 5:247-253

Balloon sinuplasty, orbital complications of, 25:499

Bandeau

in frontocranial remodeling, 1:18

beyond (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1180-1182

fronto-orbital advancement with medial orbital osteotomies (Technical Strategy), 22:281-283

Bandeau, endocortical plating, during fronto-orbital advancement, 25:1341

Bandlift implant based on ePTFE, for lower face-lift, 21:1928-1931

Banked cranial bone flaps, development of coronal craniosynostosis in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:561-567

Bar system, photoelastic analysis of the distribution of stress in different systems of overdentures on osseous-integrated implants (Scientific Foundation), 22:2332-2336

Bardet-Biedl syndrome, general and stomatologic aspects, 25:e575

Barraquer-Simons syndrome, thoracodorsal artery perforator flap for, one-stage transfer, 23:883, 23:1936

Barrel stave osteotomy in calvarial reconstruction, use of cross-bone strut stabilization for, 21:491-493 (Technical Strategy)

Barrel staving, treatment with combined vertex craniectomy and bilateral microbarrel staving, 22:42-45

Barrier membranes, and guided-tissue regeneration in maxillary alveolus cleft defect reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 17:1153-1160

Bart syndrome, clinical management of a rare congenital anomaly, 22:159-165

BaS analysis: new cephalometric model in follow-up of patients with craniostenosis who underwent craniofacial advancement surgery, 20:895-898 (Technical Experience)

Basal (disk) implants, nasal epithesis retained by, 21:33-35

Basal cell adenomas (BCAs), synchronous multiple, parotid gland involvement with (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1470-1473

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

giant invasive, of scalp, clinical and pathological features of, 24:e610

head and neck, treatment with aggressive resection and complex reconstruction, 23:1634

laser ablation of, chronic wound created by, induction of basosquamous cell carcinoma, 24:e617

nonsyndromic giant, follicular differentiation and multifocal localization, 24:e211

removal, application offacial dermis graft after, 23:1895

facial, in young patient with Crohn disease (Clinical Studies), 21:1996-1998

facial skin, (Original Articles), 18:1021

multi-centric, and SCC, of craniofacial (Clinical Notes), 17:265-271

FEP on mucocutaneous junction (Clinical Studies), 21:1991-1993

giant, extended cervical and thoracic reconstruction after resection of, use of lateral deltopectoral flap in, 20:885-888 (Technical Experience)

head and neck (HNBCC), T1 N0 M0, evaluation of clinical prognostic factors in, 20:98-100

in lower eyelid tumors, surgical treatment of, 21:520-525 (Technical Strategy)

NBCCS, cephalometric study of patients and controls in, 20:203-208 (Anatomic Study)

recurrent, of gorlin syndrome, coverage of cranium with latissimus dorsi in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:599-602

risk factor for development of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:708-710

risk factors for metastasis of, cause of neck mass, 21:592-595 ( Clinical Studies)

treatment, excision margin for, 20:1989-1991

metastatic (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1134-1135

Basal cell carcinoma, in xeroderma pigmentosum, 25:e336

Basal cell nevus syndrome, maxilla squamous cell carcinoma, in patient with, 25:662

Basal class II dentoskeletal alterations, surgical buccinator muscle myotomy in, 12:409-425

(Discussion), 12:426

Basal gangial hemorrhage, removal with transsylvian-transinsular approach under modified intracerebral hemorrhage score, 24:1388

Basal ganglia, insula and, anatomically study of, 25:1895

Basal meningoencephaloceles pathology of, 4:196, 4:213

treatment of, 4:212

Basaloid squamous carcinoma, of mandible, 20:151-153

Basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF), human deciduous teeth dental pulp cells with basic fibroblast growth factor, 22:438-442

Basicranium malformation with anterior dislocation of right styloid process causing stylalgia (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:418-420

Basicranium, nasal and ethmoidal alterations, 22:509-513

Basilar skull fracture, intracranial pseudoaneurysm in, 25:1410

Basilar skull, pediatric nasoorbitoethmoid fractures (Anatomical Study), 22:1834-1837

Basosquamous cell carcinoma, periorbital region, from chronic wound created by laser ablation of basal cell carcinoma, 24:e617

Bathrocephaly, correction of (Technical Strategy), 9:88-91

Bax expressions, immunohistochemical analysis, of calvarial bone graft (Clinical Study), 21:1147-1151

BCNS. See Basal cell nevus syndrome

Beagle dogs, histomorphometric and densitometric evaluation of effects of platelet-rich plasma on remodeling of, in (Experimental Design), 16:150-154

Beauty

facial harmony and, 25:e180

idealized portraits, young and old men, anthropometric comparison, 25:2223

perception of, geographic, ethnic, and demographic dynamics, 25:e157

Bechterew disease, coronoid process in patients with, hyperplasia of (Clinical Note), 19:1114-1118

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS)

tongue reduction with CO2 laser in, 20:1202-1203 (Clinical Note)

macroglossia in, treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:369-371

manifestation of (Brief Clinical Note), 19:279-283

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, sleep-disordered breathing with, prevalence of, 25:1814

Behavior, craniofacial, of sutures in young rabbits post immobilization, 8:483-489, 8:490

Bell palsy

diagnosis of, with gadolinium magnetic resonance imaging (Clinical Notes), 14:51-54

tic convulsif after, microvascular decompression in patient with, 24:286

Bell palsy, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in, 25:944

Benchmarks, for assessment of care, quality of, influence on outcome (Literature Scans), 18:1504

Benign fibrous histiocytoma of lower lip, case report and literature review (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:2024-2026

Benign forehead osteoma, endoscopic excision of (Clinical Notes), 17:426-430

Benign hyperostotic mass, in frontal bone, 23:e27

Benign lesions involving mandibular condyle, endoscopic approach to (Technical Strategy), 21:1234-1236

Benign mandibular lesions, free fibula flap mandible reconstruction in (Clinical Experience), 15:1002-1009

Benign neoplasm involving frontal sinus, open surgery vs. endoscopic surgery in, 20:180-183 (Technical Experience)

Benign nerve tumors (schwannomas), in major nerve systems of head and neck, 20:957-961 (Brief Clinical Note)

Benign tumor ablation, pediatric mandibular reconstruction with vascularized fibular flap after, 20:431-434 (Clinical Note)

Benign tumors

isolated schwannoma of the orbit (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2372-2374

lip lesions in a Brazilian population (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2421-2425

frontoethmoidal involvement by, craniofacial resection and reconstructive strategy for, 2:75-81

tricalcium phosphate, frontal sinus obliteration with (Technical Strategies), 15:967-970

tricalcium phosphate, histomorphometric and densitometric evaluation of effects of platelet-rich plasma on remodeling of, in beagle dogs (Experimental Design), 16:150-154

Benign, metastasizing ameloblastoma or malignant ameloblastoma (Clinical Study), 22:995-997

Beta TCP, autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells, for implant-related maxillary bone augmentation, 23:1728

Betadine

aspiration, interstitial pneumonitis after, 23:1787

osteogenic differentiation: in vitro and in vivo methods (Special Editorial), 22:388-390

Bevacizumab (avastin), for treatment of giant cell tumor of jaw, 20:2245-2248 (Brief Clinical Note)

Beveld osteotomy, hypertrophic frontal sinus with, aesthetic correction of, 24:1848

Bezier surface approximation

automatic hole repairing for cranioplasty using (Technical Strategies), 16:1076-1084

use in automatic hole repairing for cranioplasty (Technical Strategies), 17:344-352

Bias, systemic, produced by backlighted digitizer, 8:222-227

Bibliography, future direction in (Editorial), 7:175

Bicoronal flap in dual-plane approach, for calvarial exposure, 21:506-507 (Technical Strategy)

Bicoronal incision

zygomaticarch fractures-related, modified Gillies approach for, 23:859

MicroDissection cautery needle vs cold scalpel in, 9:344-347

Bicoronal incisions, in scaphocephaly management for infants, 25:39

Bicortical biodegradable screws, for rigid fixation of traumatic sagittal split mandibular fracture (Technical Experiences), 18:626-629

Bicortical inferior plate fixation (Editorial Note), 19:428-432

Bicortical screw fixation

complications of, observed in 482 mandibular sagittal osteotomies (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:64-68

mandibular sagittal split osteotomy, bicortical 2-screw osteosynthesis adequate, 22:2094-2096

Bicycle accident, facial fractures from, video analysis of biomechanics of accident, 24:2023

Bifid condylemandibula (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1207-1209

Bifid frontal sinus septum, pediatric frontal mucocele, 21:1525-1528

Bifid mandibular canal, atypical courses of (Clinical Studies), 17:487-491

Bifid nose, with cleft hand deformity (Clinical Note), 19:1594-1596

open approach via nasal dorsum with dermal graft for, 20:1356-1358

Bifid tongue, clinical feature of developmental anomaly (Clinical Notes), 17:669-672

Bifid tongue, CLP and, nasopharyngeal teratoma with, 25:e588

Bifid zygomaticus major muscle (Anatomical Study), 19:534-536

Bifrontal craniotomy for frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:7

Bifrontal craniotomy for, anterior skull base reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 21:233-237

Bilambdoid synostosis in Mercedes Benz syndrome, 9:417-422

Bilateral abducens palsy, after head trauma, efficiency of corticosteroid treatment in resolution of, 20:2178-2179 (Clinical Note)

Bilateral Choanal Atresia, computer-aided surgical treatment of (Technical Strategies), 18:654-660

Bilateral clefts

lip and palate (BCLP)

"J-hook headgear" for repositioning of premaxilla in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1198-1207

complete

in individuals aged 5-18 years, longitudinal cephalometric study of, 20:1672-1682

primary, repair with management of premaxilla without preoperative orthopedics, 20:1719-1722

primary rhinoplasty for repair of, 20:1715-1718

and unilateral, presurgical nasoalveolar remodeling technique for, long-term results after using, 20:670-674

patients, vertical excess of premaxilla in, 21:499-502 (Technical Experience)

simultaneous pre-maxillary osteotomy and bone grafting in (Clinical Studies), 17:291-296

mutilated, reconstruction of premaxilla as an option for, 20:1768-1770

lip

and nose repair, Dallas surgical protocol for

one-stage, 20:1913-1926

two-stage, 20:1927-1933

repair by Mulliken’s method, long-term results in, 20:1455-1461 (Clinical Note)

nasal deformity

new modified forked flap with subcutaneous pedicles for (Technical Strategy), 19:1374-1380

improved nasal tip projection in treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:834-839

nose deformity

composite correction of, central lip flap and nasal mucosal rotation advancement and (Surgical Strategies), 16:255-26

reconstruction of (Technical Strategy), 19:1353-1358

Bilateral coronal synostosis in infancy, treatment of, holistic approach to, 2:109

Bilateral dermoid cysts, of the upper lip (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2414-2415

Bilateral facial paralysis, bilateral reconstruction of smile through muscular transplants neurotized to masseter nerves (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1099-1100

Bilateral hyperplasia of coronoid processes (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:723-726

Bilateral mandibular angle fractures, surgical outcomes of, 21:328-330

Bilateral mass, parotid voluminous masses: case report (Clinical Notes), 15:165-169

Bilateral muscle hypertrophy

Masseter, management of, 23:e14

temporalis, treatment in pregnant woman, 23:e20

Bilateral osteoma, in maxillary sinus, 25:1133

Bilateral peronea artery magna, iliac crest osteocutaneous flap reconstruction for ameloblastoma of mandible in patient with: case report, 14:809-814

Bilateral quadrification of the anterior digastric muscles (Original Articles), 18:773-775

Bilateral reduction mammoplasty, in adolescent population: adolescent bilateral reduction mammoplasty, 14:691-695

Bilateral rhinolithiasis, diagnosis and treatment (Correspondence), 22:2429

Bilateral sagittal osteotomy, of mandible, 20:878-880 (Technical Experience)

Bilateral sagittal split osteotomies (BSSO) mandible (Scientific Foundations), 18:823

in treatment of mandibular deformities (Technical Experiences), 18:931-934

and anterior vertical symphyseal osteotomy for mandibular narrowing, short-term stability after, 20:1827-1830

for mandibular fixation, use of resorbable implants in, 20:331-339

clinical and instrumental evaluation of the temporomandibular joint, 22:527-530

complications of bicortical screw fixation observed in (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:64-68

Bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy and mandibular setback surgery in RS,

3D-FEM of, 21:1104-1109

Bilateral smile reconstruction in Möbius syndrome, single hypoglossal nerve for (Clinical studies), 21:1926-1927

Bilateral superior vein, thrombosis, imaging findings, 25:e277

Bilateral tonsillar, adenoid cystic carcinoma (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2408-2409

Bilateral vocal cord paralysis, head/neck surgery-associated, 23:135

Bile acid, unconjugated, middle ear mucosa changes after exposure to, 25:e536

Bilobed skin fibula flaps, for large oromandibular defects, 24:e327

Bimaxillary osteotomy for facial skeletal deformity with malocclusion (Clinical Note), 11:128-136

Bimaxillary protrusion,

determinants of successful treatment of, orthodontic treatment versus anterior segmental osteotomy (Clinical Study), 16:234-246

treatment, anterior maxillary and mandibular subapical osteotomy with, preoperative modeling in, systematic analysis of, 24:1980

Bimaxillary reconstruction, with a single free fibular osteoseptocutaneous flap (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1102-1104

Bimaxillary retrusion (Clinical Note), 17:44-49

Bimaxillary surgery, image guided, registration techniques, evaluation of, 24:1095

Bimaxillary surgery, maxillary positioning in, image-guided navigation for, 25:1095

Binder Jet method in producing full-scale model from computed tomographic data (Discussion), 12:96

Binder Jet method, rapid prototyping using (Scientific Foundation), 21:1339-1345

Binder syndrome

characterization of, 23:986

correction, nasomaxiallry and hard palatine osteotomy combined with implantation for, 24:200

nasal reconstruction for, 21:543-550 (Technical Strategy)

nasomaxillary reconstruction in, 19:1225-1236

maxillonasal osteochondral complex repair in maxillonasal dysplasia (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2375-2380

Bio-Alcamid, cheek augmentation with, in facial lipoatrophy in HIV seropositive patients (Clinical Note), 19:1085-1088

Bio-guide membrane, bovine porous bone mineral and PRP combined, in bone regeneration in biocortical bony defects, 25:216

Bio-Oss

in reconstruction of calvarial defects in rabbit model, 4:79-84

particles/collagen sponges, repair of experimental calvarial defects in rabbit model with (Scientific Foundation), 5:242-245

as protein carrier, in bone regeneration in experimental cranial defects, effects of acidic fibroblast growth factor, 24:1507

Bioabsorbable anchor, disk repositioning surgery for TMJ, 24:1792

Bioabsorbable calcified triglyceride bone cement, cranial reconstruction by (Clinical Study), 21:1170-1174

Bioabsorbable craniofacial fixation systems, first bioabsorbable fixation system (Special Editorial), 22:395-399

Bioabsorbable craniofacial meshes and plates, experimental study of heat adaptation of (Scientific Foundation), 18:540-545

Bioabsorbable craniofacial plates, heat adaptation of, 20:2180-2184 (Scientific Foundation)

Bioabsorbable fixation plates/devices

delayed infection after, management of, 23:549

for frontal sinus fractures, 23:549

shape-adapted bioabsorbable, 23:11

stiffness, aging and, 23:345

effect of in vitro aging on the stiffness, 22:110-112

congenital, early experience with, 8:110-114

in correction of craniosynostosis (Technical Strategy), 9:88-91

in craniomaxillofacial reconstruction, preventable complication of (Clinical Report), 8:151-152

delayed infection after, management of, 23:549

in Le Fort I osteotomies, 9:210-214

in pediatric , 8:97-102

outcomes with, 9:441-444

commentary on, 9:445-447

stiffness, aging and, 23:345

in traumatic midfacial fractures, 8:103-109

for bone fractures

ciprofloxacin-releasing multifunctional polylactide-polyglycolide 80/20 tacks, pull-out strength of, 20:58-61

mandibular, use of resorbable implants in, 20:331-339

mechanical design optimization of, 20:389-398

Bioabsorbable fixation technology for craniomaxillofacial surgery (Special Editorial), 8:85-86

Bioabsorbable membranes for pediatric craniofacial surgery, 8:127-128

Bioabsorbable mesh, interaction with: carbonated calcium phosphate bone cement, reconstruction of immature craniofacial skeleton, 14:117-124

Bioabsorbable osteofixation tacks and plates, and novel tack-shooter, new technique for correction of trigonocephaly using (Technical Strategies), 14:92-100

Bioabsorbable plates, heat adaptation, effects of the process on material properties (Special Editorial), 22:779-780

Bioabsorbable plating system

for craniofacial skeleton, 8:121-126

advantages of, 8:133-134

disadvantages of, 8:134

patient results with, 8:129-133

(Editorial), 8:83

in experimental craniotomies, radiographic follow-up of, 8:446-451, 8:452

Bioabsorbable polymers See Polymers, bioabsorbable

PGA and PLLA with enhanced strength retention, for internal fixation, 20:1533-1537 (Scientific Foundation)

science of, 8:87-91

Bioabsorbable self-reinforced poly-L/DL-lactide 70/30 tacks and miniscrews in human cadaver bone, holding power of (Scientific Foundations), 14:171-175

Bioactive glass

45S5, combined as bone substitute in reconstruction of critical size calvarial defects in rabbits (Scientific Foundations), 16:63-70

for alveolar ridge augmentation, 23:e220

Bioceramics in facial skeleton deformity correction (Clinical Note), 11:470-479

Biochemical analysis, of hydroxyapatite cement cranioplasty (Scientific Foundations), 15:415-422

Discussion, 15:422-423

Biocompatibility evaluation of 3 facial silicone elastomers, 22:837-340

Biocompatibility of collagen scaffolds in palatal mucosa, 19:599-608

Biocompatibility of implantable materials in facial aesthetic and reconstructive surgery (Symposium), 7:473-486

Biocompatible materials

craniofacial implants success (Technical Strategy), 22:241-242

maxillary bone defect reconstruction using porous polyethylene implants (Scientific Foundation), 22:2337-2340

Biocomposite engineering, in craniofacial surgery, 23:530

Biodegradable devices

internal craniofacial distraction with (Clinical Note), 11:354-366

internal Le Fort III distraction with (Clinical Note), 12:264-272

Biodegradable fixation

in cranial bone grafting, 7:54-59

in craniofacial surgery, tacks in (Technical Strategy), 12:596-602

Biodegradable implants

hydroxyapatite-polyhydroxybutyrate composites, for bone substitution, 20:853-859 (Scientific Foundation)

discussion, 20:860-861

Biodegradable osteofixation, intraosseous plating in, 9:247

Biodegradable plates

cyanoacrylate adhesive and, in craniofacial skeletal fixation, 6:477

screws and DL-polyactic acid, use of, in rabbits, experimental studies of (Scientific Foundation), 4:223-227

in rabbit model, use of, 2:168-172

screws and, polyglyconate, histological evaluation in rabbit model, 6:282-286

Biodegradable plates and screws, inion fast-absorbing, biodegradation of (Scientific Foundation), 19:748-756

Biodegradable plating systems, intraosseous (Scientific Foundation), 9:171-176

Biodegradable polymer(s)

for rigid fixation in craniofacial surgery, processing of, 6:477

matrix recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 carriers in calvarial defects (Scientific Foundation), 9:147-153

Biodegradable scaffolds, as carries for dental pulp and periosteal stem cells in bone regeneration model, comparative morphometric analysis of, 24:866

Biodegradable synthetic polyurethane, for packing nasal bone fracture, efficacy of, 23:1848

Biodegradable. See under Bioabsorbable

Bioelectricity in stimulation of coronal suture in rabbits, 8:360-365

Biofilm, implanted alloplast materials and

(Scientific Foundations), 17:950-956

(Symposium), 10:410-411

Bioglass, and autologous bone, in cranial reconstruction (Original Article), 18:1290-1295

Biological filler, using human fibroblasts and placenta extracts, 22:1557-1559

Biological predeterminism, craniofacial disorders and (Editorial), 6:263

Biological scaffolds, 23:30

Biologicals, 23:20

Biology

editorial, 23:1

history, 23:6

multidisciplinary nature of, 23:7

Sarnat studies of, 23:37

transitions in, 23:124

developmental, research on, 3:4

Biomaterial implantation, in facial esthetic diseases (Clinical Note), 19:1098-1103

Biomaterials

absorbable, in craniofacial skeleton fixation, 10:491

(Symposium), 10:404-414

for skull reconstruction, 20:1512-1518 (Clinical Note)

in craniofacial surgery, 20:29-33

in face for rigid skeletal fixation (Symposium), 10:407-409

(Symposium), 10:404-414

in operating room (Editorial), 12:407-408

reactions to (Special Editorial), 16:195-196

used for calvarial reconstruction, 19:383-392

used in oral surgery, surface analysis methods of: literature review (Clinical Materials), 16:31-36

Biomechanical evaluation of canine and porcine models for experimental craniofacial surgery, 6:288-291

Biomechanical stability, sagittal split ramus osteotomy in vitro, effect of resorbable screws on, 23:363

Biomechanical testing of alloplastic PMMA cranioplasty materials (Technical Strategies), 16:140-143

Biomechanics

correlation of images, technique for mandible (Scientific Foundation), 22:1893-1896

influence of implant angulation, 22:434-436

prosthetic platforms in implant dentistry (Scientific Foundation), 22:2327-2331

Biomechanics of orbitozygomatic complex (Clinical Note), 10:237-242

Biomechanism mine explosion, craniofacial injuries from, management of, 24:1132

Biomedical research (Editorial), 6:183

Biomimetic matrices, self-initiating the induction of bone formation (Scientific Foundation), 22:1859-1868

Biomimetism, biomimetic matrices self-initiating the induction of bone formation (Scientific Foundation), 22:1859-1868

Biopsy

eosinophilic granuloma resolution of lesion (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2409-2411

melanoma of the head and neck, 22:421-427

Biopsy, dorsum linguae, multiple irritation fibromas after, 25:524

Bioreactor, perfusion, for vascular tissue engineering with capabilities for longitudinal stretch (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:340-347

Bioresorbable analysis, orbital stress analysis, part III: biomechanics of orbital blowout fracture repair using bioresorbable poly-L/DL-lactide (P[L/DL]LA 70:30) implant, 22:1299-1303

Bioresorbable fixation plates, delayed infection after insertion, management of, 23:524

Bioresorbable osteofixation devices, reflections on complications to (Discussion), 18:1242-1243

Bioresorbable plating systems

in craniofacial skeleton fixation, 10:491

for orbitozygomatic complex fractures, 10:400-403

(Clinical Note), 10:237-242

Biosensors, for detecting gene expression (Special Editorial), 17:3-7

Biosorb, osteofixation devices, successful use of, in 165

cranial and maxillofacial cases: a multi-center report (Clinical Notes), 15:692-701

Discussion, 15:702

Bipartite parietal bone, divided parietal bone (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:355-358

Bipedicled pericranial flap, in anterior scalp reconstruction, 20:2248-2251 (Brief Clinical Note)

Bipedicled scalp flap, in management of class IV skull burns, 19:970-975

Biphasic synthetic graft, platelet-rich plasma bone healing in, 25:1568

Bipolar anastomosis technique (BAT), for venous end-to-end anastomosis, in vascular model (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:772-778

Biporion-dorsum sellae plane, three-dimensional computed tomography rendered images with, measurement and monitoring of monobloc distraction osteogenesis

using, precision and reproducibility of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:430-434

comparison of measurements before and after distraction, 19:369-376

Bird-like facies (Clinical Experience), 10:160-167

Birmingham craniofacial deformities, 7:336-339

Birth defects

in Crouzon twins with cloverleaf skull, 2:56-62

parents of children with, psychological aspects of, 2:9-16.

See also Psychological aspects of parents of children with craniofacial anomalies

Birth trauma, bilateral cephalohematoma due to (Technical Strategies), 17:970-979

Bishosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw

after renal transplantation, characterization of, 23:e510

cell therapy for, 24:e226

clinical and image findings in, 24:1248

inferior alveolar nerve in, postsurgical improvement, assessment by Masseter inhibitory reflex, 24:692

recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 for, 23:784

Bispectral index, effects of lidocaine infiltration on cost of rhinoplasty made under general anesthesia (Clinical Study), 22:2176-2178

Bisphenol-a-glycidyl-dimethacrylate, composite, for anterior skull base defects, 25:1524

Bisphosphonate side effects, osteonecrosis of jaw (ONJ), (Clinical Notes), 18:1071-1072

Bisphosphonate therapy, for osteonecrotic (ON) lesions of jaws (Original Articles), 18:1012-1017

Bisphosphonate-induced ONJ, failed or delayed healing in, (Clinical Notes), 18:1069-1070

Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw

bone regeneration in, 25:e333

implant surgery triggered, 25:1143

microsurgical reconstruction, fibular free flap in, assessment, 25:788

Bisphosphonates

mandible osteonecrosis induced by, microsurgical reconstruction for, patient-specific physiopathologic mechanism for, 25:1793

mandibular

fractures from, 25:709

necrosis from, 25:1369

Bisphosphonates (BPs)

in dental surgical practice, risks and care when using (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1966-1970

in osteonecrosis of upper jaw, possible role for surgical debridement associated to platelet-rich plasma and hyperbaric oxygen therapy, 21:1962-1966

related osteonecrosis of the jaw, 21:25-31

biomimetic matrices self-initiating the induction of bone formation (Scientific Foundation), 22:1859-1868

inhibition of bone resorption (Clinical Notes), 17:876-879

effects on extraction sockets and augmented alveolar defects, 24:e68

associated osteonecrosis, in external auditory canal, 24:2218

Bite block, TMJ ankylosis, 3-phase therapy protocol in, 20:483-487 (Technical Strategy)

Bitemporal depressions, after cranioplasty for trigonocephaly, 19:72-79

Bitemporal hollowing, origin of, 20:752-756

Bites

dog

nose, primary closure approach, 25:e216

total scalp reconstruction after, 25:1362

force, after mandibular fracture repair, electromygraphic analysis, 25:1714

Blame process, in clinical practice (Editorial), 18:1247-1248

Blandin-Nuhn gland, mucocele of, after lingual frenectomy, 23:e657

Blast injuries from bombings (Special editorial), 21:954-959

Blast, fireworks, complex craniofacial trauma from, 19:322-327

Blastomyces dermatitidis in oral cavity, in squamous cell carcinoma (Clinical Study), 21:121-123

Bleeding

basal gangial hemorrhage, removal with transsylvian-transinsular approach under modified intracerebral hemorrhage score, 24:1388

dental pulp, maxillary teeth, after Le Fort osteotomy I, 25:e420

during facelift, submental perforating artery and (Anatomic Studies), 16:1-2

ethmoidal arteries, management of, 20:450-454 (Clinical Note)

from posterior superior alveolar artery in Le Fort I fracture, 20:1610-1612 (Brief Clinical Note)

lethal, from arterivenous malformation of external auditory canal, multidisciplinary study of, 24:2179

major facial trauma after helicopter landing (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1517-1519

open rhinoplasty-related, effects of oral clonidine premedication, 25:1101

remifentanil with hypotension, perioperative rhinoplasty, postoperative effects on, 25:471

submental artery in dentoalveolar surgery, consideration of, 23:1453

tooth extraction-induced, 23:1225

Bleomycin A5, intralesional injection, for macrocystic lymphatic malformations in cervical region, 25:1707

Blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392-394

Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES), microdeletion 3q syndrome (Clinical Study), 22:2124-2128

Blepharoplasty

anatomy of the palpebral branch of the infraorbital artery relating to midface lift (Anatomical Study), 22:1489-1490

eyelid, improvement of functional visual acuity, improvement and increased contrast sensitivity after, cause of, 24:1582

incision, in rejuvenation surgery, for mild to moderate eyelid sagging in older patients, 24:1731

localization of supraorbital nerve during, need of anatomical knowledge about the area (Clinical Notes), 18:104-112

lower lid, customized, analysis of lower lid aging for, 25:348

transcutaneous lower, sutures, painless removal of, 24:1790

upper

brow position change after, 23:434

dermatofibroma located in tarsal plate after upper, 24:e26

upper, brow position change after, 23:434

–like skin defect, for upper eyelid reconstruction, 25:e445

Blepharoptosis

caused from compression of levator muscle by fractured orbital roof fragment (Surgical Strategies), 15:942-945

correction

correction, conjunctiva for, balanced plication of Müller muscle tendon through, 24:599

with release of fibrous web bands between levator aponeurosis/orbital fat, 23:e52

vascular arcade location in Müller muscle, relationship to, 23:1864

repositioning the levator aponeurosis (Technical Strategy), 22:2284-2287

correction with modified levator aponeurosis-Müller muscle complex reinsertion technique, 25:227

neurogenic, transient and isolated, after medial orbital wall reconstruction, 25:1106

repair, insertion of frontalis muscle relating to (Anatomic Studies), 16:965-967

surgery, 100th anniversary of the whitnall ligament (Correspondence), 22:1981-1982

test-negative, phenylephrine, CMMR and, 25:898

Blepharospasm, in patients with SJS, treatment with BTX-A (Clinical Notes), 17:656-660

Blind curettage, of infected epidermal cysts causing supraorbital nerve neuroma, 20:2243-2245 (Brief Clinical Note)

Blindness

bilateral parotid swelling with, 24:2174

periorbital fat graft-related, surgeon's liability for, 24:970

traumatic, induced by vinegar production explosion, 23:1931

from traumatic optic neuropathy following facial trauma, 8:352-359

as complication of monobloc frontofacial advancement with distraction (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1170-1173

posttraumatic, after severe orbital trauma, 20:737-742

wide optic nerve canal decompression for the treatment of blindness resulting from an indirect optic nerve injury (Technical Strategy), 22:1463-1465

Blindness. See also Vision loss

central, paranasal sinus infection induced, 25:e557

pain, extensive bone formation induced, 25:e562

Block bone graft fixation, technique evolution, 25:645

Blood

autologous injections, for habitual TMJ luxation, short-term results, 23:689

transfusion, tranexamic acid reducing, for children undergoing craniosynostosis surgery, 24:299

vessels, patterns in follicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst and ameloblastoma, histomorphometric comparative study of, 24:435

transfusion of, autologous, in surgical program for craniosynostosis (Clinical Note), 12:479-484

Blood conservation, during craniosynostic correction with dual therapy using procrit and cell saver, 19:101-105

Blood flow

velocity of craniostenosis, transcranial Doppler sonography to monitor the preoperative and postoperative changes in, 21:432-434 (Clinical Study)

cerebral, decreased secondary to simple craniosynostosis, 7:177-185

microvascular stress analysis Part II. effects of vascular wall compliance on blood flow at the graft/recipient vessel junction, 22:883-887

Blood ingredients, and blood loss among patients under hypotensive anesthesia in orthognathic surgery, 22:1594-1597

Blood loss

and blood ingredients among patients under hypotensive anesthesia in orthognathic surgery, 22:1594-1597

comparative analysis of tranexamic acid use in minimally invasive versus open craniosynostosis procedures (Clinical Study), 22:1772-1777

and transfusion rates during repair of craniofacial deformities (Clinical Notes), 16:59-62

during median mandibulotomy for sublingual intramuscular AVM, transarterial embolization for minimizing (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1496-1500

in fronto-orbital advancement and remodeling, predictors of, 20:378-381

in fronto-orbital advancement, factors related to, 23:358

in sclerotherapy and surgery, comparison of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:729-735

Blood pressure, changes, from extractions under local anesthesia with vasopressor, clinical trial, 25:1108

Blood supply in myelomeningocele repair (Clinical Note), 11:500-508

Blood transfusion systems, autologous, variations in, 20:580 (Correspondence)

Blood transfusion, total amount of, complications of craniofacial surgery and, 8:345

Blood transfusions. See Transfusions

Blood vessels See also Arteries; Veins

lesions of, of cranial base, 1:106

malformations of congenital, sinus pericranii as, 9:3-9

mandibular, treatment and long-term results in, 5:289

anastomoses in paddle transfer of thoracodorsal artery perforator flap for barraquer-Simons syndrome, 23:883, 23:1936

anomalies, current concepts of, 23:220

clap, in bloodless cleft surgery, 23:1582

pedicle calcification, free fibular flap and, 23:e50

severe malformation, operated under bypass, management, flow evolution, 24:120

superficial arcade, location in Muller muscle, relationship to blepharoptosis surgery, 23:1864

twisting effects on super microanastomosis of superficial inferior epigastic artery, 24:1772

Blow-in fractures

a peculiar fracture (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:358-360

orbital, mechanisms of, 24:1828

Blow-out fractures (BOF)

ethmoid sinus osteoma-associated, removal of, 23:477

of orbital floor in early childhood, 14:666-671

resorbable mesh plate for treatment of, gaze restriction in, 20:71-72

canalicular laceration, clinical characteristics and treatment, 23:1399

diplopia and enophthalmos in, 23:1077

isolated medial orbital wall treatment in, outcomes, 23:1252

medpor implant fixation with fibrin glue in surgery for, 24:1781

orbital volume ratio, changes based on fracture location, 23:1083

pure, and associated ocular symptoms, analysis of, 24:703

repair

antiadhesive effect of sodium carboxymethylcellulose and sodium hyaluronate mixed solution, 23:1878

central serous chorioretinopathy after, 23:1923

pure orbital, preoperative diplopia role, 21:1038-1041

according to the orbital implant (Clinical Study), 22:1422-1425

according to the time of surgery, comparison of the outcomes of non-trapdoor-type (Clinical Study), 22:1426-1429

orbital floor fracture, with or without muscle involvement, 21:1072-1078

orbital floor reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1142-1146

orbital, Silastic implantation for, complication of, 9:452-455

(Clinical Note), 9:452-455

commentary on, 9:456-458

endoscopic transethmoidal and transconjunctival inferior fornix approach, 22:537-541

open reduction in trapdoor-type blowout fractures using absorbable mesh plates (Technical Strategy), 22:2264-2267

overview of pediatric orbital fractures (Clinical Study), 22:1330-1332

secondary to isolated orbital floor fracture (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1502-1503

straightforward factors for predicting the prognosis, 22:1210-1214

Blowout fractures

facial, reconstruction, transient ipsilateral mydriasis during, 25:527

isolated bilateral, with maxillary sinuses pneumatization, 25:1331

maxillofacial, coronoid process graft for, 25:577

medial wall, pediatric, OCR in, onset patterns, 25:248

white-eyed, infraorbital neurovascular bundle traction for, 25:e54

Blunt head trauma, and traumatic CCFs after FESS, endovascular transarterial embolization with electrolytically detachable coils as effective treatment of, 20:556-558 (Brief Clinical Note)

Blunt trauma, facial palsy and (Clinical Study), 21:1162-1164

BMI. See Body mass index

BMI. See Body mass index

BMP-2-chitosan hydrogel infusion using internal distractor, for accelerated distraction osteogenesis, 20:2041-2048

cells exposed to, early changes in signaling and gene expression in, 20:634-638

restoration of segmental bone defects, osteogenesis mechanism of chitosan-coated calcium sulfate pellets on, 20:1445-1450 (Clinical Note)

rhBMP-2, primary reconstruction using alveolar clefts, 20:1759

discussion, 20:1765, 20:1766-1767

rhBMP-4-stimulated cell differentiation and bone formation within expanding calvarial suture, 20:1561-1565 (Scientific Foundation)

See Bone morphogenetic protein 2

BMP-2. See Bone morphogenetic protein-2

BMP-9-transduced prefabricated muscular flaps, for treatment of bony defects (Scientific Foundations), 15:736-741

Discussion, 15:742-744

Body fat composition changes, double-jaw osteotomy, 21:1516-1518

Body mass index, correlation with orbita volume and eyeball position in healthy East Asians, 24:822

Body mass index, flap type for pharyngeal reconstructions and, 25:780

Body ostectomies, changes in pharyngeal airway space and hyoid bone positions after (Clinical Study), 16:23-30

Boidegradable miniplates, long-term and clinical results with (Commentary), 11:244-245

(Original Scientific Foundation), 11:239-243

Bolster external fixation method, cryptotia correction by (Clinical Studies), 21:1935-1937

Bolster implementation, of custom-made plaster in the reconstruction of cleft lip nose (Correspondence), 22:1983

Bomb explosion wave, mandibular joint dysfunction with, otalgia from, 3:223-225

Bone anchors in craniofacial surgery (Technical Strategy), 7:164-167

Bone block, frontal sinus ostium closed by, complication of, 24:e155

Bone cement

complication in mandible by polymethylmethacrylate, 21:1196-1198

kryptonite, for cranial reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1170-1174

skull defect cranioplasty, controversies in (CME article), 21:1755-1760

complications in secondary pediatric craniofacial reconstruction (Technical strategy), 22:247-251

for craniofacial repairs (Brief Clinical Note), 19:283-286

magnesium-based, and bone void filler, 20:461-464 (Scientific Foundation)

antibiotic-loaded calcium phosphate, mechanical strength and in vitrio antibiotic release profile, 24:1447

Bone contouring, subsequent to growth arrest other than Albright syndrome, for FD, 20:768-770

Bone density, CBCT-derived, for loaded implant stability changes, 25:e293

Bone denudation, roles of different areas of palate bone on growth and development of maxilla and dental arch (Experimental Study), 18:391-398

Bone development, self-drilling and self-tapping screws for, 21:513-515 (Technical Strategy)

Bone distraction

device, novel internal spring-driven craniofacial, introduction of (Scientific Foundations), 15:324-328

midfacial advancement by, for craniofacial deformities, 9:114-122

using bone regeneration work. See Calostasis

Bone dust

cranial, in full-thickness skull defect reconstruction, comparison of inorganic bovine bone particles with, 3:25-29

diced cartilage and cartilage/bone dust mixture permanence of (Experimental Study), 17:905-908

calvarial, osteogenic potential of, compared with that of bone fragments and periosteum, 20:1995-1999

Bone dust, bone grafts vs. for cranioplasty, 25:1155

Bone flaps, in situ repositioning, in retrosigmoid craniotomy, 25:135

Bone fragments, osteogenic potential, compared with that of calvarial bone dust and periosteum, 20:1995-1999

Bone framework reconstruction, combined skeletal and soft tissue reconstruction for severe Parry-Romberg syndrome (Clinical Study), 22:937-941

Bone graft

alternative (see Demineralized bone matrix (DBM))

alveolar

bilateral, stabilization of mobile premaxilla by (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1705-1707

application from anterior sinus maxillary wall in orbital floor reconstruction, 20:512-515 (Technical Strategy)

augmentation of oblique facial clefts (Clinical Study), 22:199-202

autogenous

bone grafting and pyramidal pocket for alveolar cleft repair, 20:1566-1570 (Technical Experience)

to prevent development of contour deformity (Technical Strategies), 17:980-985

calvarial, intraoperational complications of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:312-318

for cranial bone defects repair (discussion), 19:675-677

low-power laser for repairing skull defects, stimulation of osteogenesis in (Experimental Study), 17:297-301

and autologous bone marrow stem cells in mandibular reconstruction in patient with plexiform ameloblastoma, 24:e409

basic science/clinical implications of, 23:323

for pure medial orbital wall fracture, management of, 24:e475

rib grafts

maxillary protraction of craniofacial skeleton with cleft lip and palate after, biomechanical effects of, 24:446

in patients with unilateral cleft palate, effects of timing, 23:1283

in alveolar osteoplasty, 23:118

autoclaved autologous, in orbital reconstruction for temporal bone orbital osteosarcoma, 24:e59

in bilateral clefts, reduction of need, presurgical nasoalveolar molding and primary gingivoperiosteoplasty for, 24:186

calcium phosphate cement in, 23:145

calvarial

for atrophic jaw reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1147-1151

autogenous, for saddle nose deformities, compared to reconstruction with alloplastic material (Technical Experience), 19:466-475

split, fixation in nasal reconstruction (Surgical Strategies), 17:131-138

and temporalis muscle flap for midfacial reconstruction after maxillary tumor resection (Clinical Notes), 17:1092-1104

transferred vascularized, viability of (Clinical Note), 19:165-170

harvesting with piezoelectric device (Technical Experiences), 18:1395-1396

cancellous, reconstruction of alveolar defect by (Technical Strategies), 17:1153-1160

in cleft palate defect, comparative study of maxillary growth and occlusal outcome after (Experimental Study), 17:68-79

computer planning and bone density evaluation, 22:486-489

Cortoss™ as best material for, 19:88-95

costo-chondral, Le Fort III osteotomy distraction osteogenesis and mandibular/bimaxillary advancement for Peiffer syndrome (Clinical Notes), 17:44-49

combined, scintigraphic and histopathologic evaluation of, 24:1902

cranial

for surgical resection of hemangioma (Surgical Strategies), 17:702-704

anatomical survey of, 23:950

in forehead reconstruction after benign tumor resection, 24:505

deproteinized bovine and poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid/hydroxyapatite in sinus lifting, bone regeneration after, radiographic evaluation of, 24:845

diced, wrapped in Surgicel, use in augmentation of maxillofacial area, 19:1140-1445

differential anterior maxillary expansion before applying, 23:e440

free fibula, virtual planning of composite mandibular reconstruction with (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1137-1139

fresh frozen, in mandibular reconstruction, 23:831

harvesting (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:955

healing, on parietal bone, TIMP 1 of, immunolocalization study of, 19:393-397

iliac

shifting of nerve passage over iliac crest by skin retraction (Anatomic Studies), 18:1447-1450

reconstruction of frontal sinus with, 24:e194

for long-term management of craniofacial osteosarcoma, 20:406-409 (Clinical Note)

for mandibular reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 17:255-260

mandibular reconstruction, vascularized free fibula flap modeling in , techniques on, 20:1571-1573 (Technical Experience)

maxilla reconstruction with fibular bone graft template (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:145-146

maxillonasal osteochondral complex repair in maxillonasal dysplasia (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2375-2380

and metal prosthesis, reconstruction of mandible by, 20:1100-1107

molded, for internal nasal valve reconstruction, 23:863

nonvascularized bone grafting for mandibular reconstruction (Clinical Study), 22:1727-1734

nonvascularized fibula, and distraction osteogenesis, in reconstruction of palatomaxillary defect, 24:e186

onlay, and soft tissue augmentation, for correction of progressive hemifacial atrophy, 23:1841

orbital floor reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1142-1146

for orbital fractures reconstruction, 21:1033-1036

orthognathic surgical planning on three-dimensional stereolithographic biomodel (Clinical Study), 22:1336-1341

in orthognathic surgery, medial surface of mandible as alternative source of (Technical Strategies), 16:123-128

osteoinductive potential of donor (Scientific Foundation), 17:84-90

outer-table calvarila for cleft repair, application of computer techniques, 24:957

part II: design and fixation of autogenous bone graft used to repair orbital blowout fracture, 22:1294-1298

primary alveolar, surgical technique for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:706-711

primary alveolar bone grafting (PABG)

and GPP or GMPF for one-stage repair of unilateral CLP, 20:1729-1732

in reconstruction of alveolar clefts, use of rHBMP-2 in, 20:1759-1764

primary, and/or GPP, long-term effects on facial aesthetics and dental occlusion, compromise in, 20:1747-1758

prefabricated free and vascularized, evaluation of, 23:732

pubic bone (Scientific Strategy), 17:1150-1152

secondary alveolar (SABG), outcome before and after eruption of canine in patients with cleft lip/palate (Clinical Notes), 18:1331-1337

and simultaneous pre-maxillary osteotomy in bilateral clefts (Clinical Studies), 17:291-296

split calvarial and porous polyethylene to cover complex calvarial defects, 23:1802

and titanium implant, in rehabilitation of anterior tooth, using computer-guided surgery, 23:e470

and transport, using auto-tooth bone for alveolar cleft repair, 24:e65

for treatment of mandibular fracture, 19:411-420

vomer bone graft, for augmenting deficient cleft maxilla, 20:1882-1885

Bone grafting goals, (Clinical Notes), 18:855

Bone grafts

autogenous, contamination, after oral cavity exposure, 25:412

autogenous split calvarial

nonautogenous materials vs., 25:1337

thickness changes after, 25:1241

bone dust vs. for cranioplasty, 25:1155

chin, bone, for maxillary alveolar cleft, 25:1650

CLP, prognosis, effect of cleft type and supernumerary teeth eruption, 25:e408

deproteinized bovine, alveolar ridge preservation with, 25:1698

harvesting, anterior ilium, evaluation of, 25:1418

maxillofacial fractures, 25:519

onlay

augmentation, and bilateral open sinus lifting with simultaneous implant placement, 25:e193

calvarial, for atrophic edentulous mandibles, postoperative complications, 25:693

guide bone regeneration and platelet-rich plasma for, 25:2237

technique evolution of, 25:645

premaxilla stabilization in bilateral CLP, 25:1554

reamer-irrigator-aspirator, free fibula flaps vs., for mandibular defect reconstruction, 25:1953

simultaneous chin onlay, using elongated coronoid for TMJ ankylosis, 25:e38

split calvarial, sternal cleft reconstruction with, 25:e196

stored, patient-specific, in interval cranioplasty patients, comparison, 25:207

using immediate loading, with fixed restoration, in maxillary arch rehabilitation after, 25:e44

Bone healing

BMP-2 mediated mandible reconstruction for, 25:2241

in calvarial defects using piezoelectric surgical instruments, 25:149

platelet-rich plasma promotion, in biphasic synthetic graft, 25:1568

unfixed distal segment fragment, 25:667

Bone hemostasis agent, water-soluble, ostene (Clinical Notes), 17:420-425

Bone induction and TGF-? isoforms: implications for reconstructive craniofacial surgery, 20:1544-1555 (Scientific Foundation)

Bone induction in craniofacial surgery, growth and differentiation factors in, 1:154

Bone injury, radiation-induced mechanisms, on the tissue level (Original Articles), 18:1005

Bone loss, frontal, due to frontofacial monobloc infection (Clinical Notes), 17:843-847

Bone marrow

autologous mononuclear cells

TCP and, for implant-related maxillary bone augmentation, 23:1728

and autogenous bone graft in mandibular reconstruction in patient with plexiform ameloblastoma, 24:e409

derived porcine progenitor cells, growth factor directed chondrogenic differentiation, evaluation of, 24:1026

mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSCs)

CD271 significance, 21:666-677

from alveolar ridge dental implant site, culture and identification of, 24:e1539

engineered autologous, alternative to cleft alveolar bone, 23:1558

for bone tissue engineering, 21:473-478 (Scientific Foundation)

stem cells, mandibular alveolar bony defect repair, 22:450-453

stromal cell (BMSCs)

differentiation, rat, role of bovine bone morphogenetic proteins in bone matrix protein and osteoblast-related gene expression during (Experimental Study), 16:1006-1014

osteogenic differentiation and proliferation (Scientific Foundations), 18:801-805

autologous, cranial defect repair with (Discussion), 12:594-595

(Frontiers in Surgery), 12:586-593

derived stem cells (BMSCs), construct in repair of calvarial critical size defect, evaluation of hybrid porous biomimetic nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 6 (Scientific Foundation), 22:1852-1858

Bone marrow, osteoporotic bone defect, mimicking mandibular cystic lesion, 25:e324

Bone matrix

demineralized, in osteoinduction, 3:70-77

demineralized/polydioxanone composite as sub-stitute for bone graft, 3:63-69

protein, role of bovine bone morphogenetic proteins in, and osteoblast-related gene expression during rat bone marrow stromal cell differentiation (Experimental Study), 16:1006-1014

bovine, particlesize, effects on bone repair histologic and radiographic study in vivo, 24:1074

demineralized, in complex cranial wound reconstruction (Scientific Foundation), 11:224-231

maxillary bone defect reconstruction using porous polyethylene implants (Scientific Foundation), 22:2337-2340

Bone matrix, demineralized, and particulate bone grafts, in exchange hybrid cranioplasty, 25:451

Bone metabolism

in peri-implant zones, scintigraphic evaluation of, 8:379-382

mandibular osteomyelitis and fracture (Clinical Study), 21:787-789

Bone mineral density (BMD), of iliac bone wings, effect of EMF induced by radio frequency waves on, 20:1556-1560 (Scientific Foundation)

Bone mineralization, effect of calcium sulfate on (Original Article), 18:1309-1321

Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)

BMP-2 and BMP-4, role of, and their related postreceptor signaling system (Smads) in distraction osteogenesis of the mandible (Basic Science), 15:714-718

for mandibular distraction, in neonates with Pierre Robin syndrome (Clinical Study), 21:1158-1160

with CPC, protection of intracranial contents following craniofacial surgical procedures (Scientific Studies), 17:926-934

and 3D technology in frontal bone reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 17:275-278

-2, -4, & -7 in human DBM, assay of (Scientific Foundation), 17:84-90

and pluronic F127 with hydroxyapatite and biphasic calcium phosphate for bone repair, evaluation of (Original Article), 18:1264-1275

mandible reconstruction in children and adolescents involving in situ osteogenesis with (Clinical Notes), 17:405-412

on mandibular distraction at different rates in an experimental model (Scientific Foundation), 17:100-108

on mandibular distraction osteogenesis (Experimental Study), 17:80-83

recombinant human 2 (rhBMP2), for calvarial reconstruction, 19:383-392

for repairing bone defects (Original Articles), 18:497

in craniofacial bone repair, 11:24-30

in osteoinduction, 11:189-193

osteogenic differentiation: in vitro and in vivo methods (Special Editorial), 22:388-390

See also Recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs)

in bone repair/regeneration (Scientific Foundation), 5:34-43

porous hydroxyapatite implants and, osteogenesis and (Scientific Foundation), 7:71-78

recombinant human, osteogenetic activity of, basic fibroblast growth factor and (Scientific Foundation), 7:418-424

in mandibular reconstruction (Clinical Note), 12:119-127

(Discussion), 12:128

mandibular alveolar bony defect repair, 22:450-453

Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2),

spontaneous resolution of diabetes insipidus after cranioplasty and cranial defect repair (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1536-1537

effect on bone formation in femoral condyle-contained bone defects, 21:188-195 (Scientific Foundation)

mandibular alveolar bony defect repair, 22:450-453

in craniofacial reconstruction, 23:239

in craniomaxillofacial surgery, 23:20

hydrogel, effects at different cranial locations, 24:339

in maxillary reconstruction in maxillary reconstruction in cleft lip and palate patients, 23:1627

recombinant human

in infected animal model wound reconstruction, 23:410

for bisphosphonates-related osteonecrosis of jaw, 23:784

and cancellous femoral bone in cranioplasty technique, 23:1083

immediate distraction osteogenesis combination, for anterior maxillary and mandibular defects, 23:1383

in infected animal model wound reconstruction, 23:410

and platelet-rich plasma, effects on distraction osteogenesis suture, 24:645

transduced mesenchymal stem cell with, in mandible distraction surgery, 23:392

for palatal submucosa osteoinduction, 23:594

in repair of large-scale calvarial defects (Scientific Foundation), 19:1315-1322

for sinus augmentation, 23:30

therapy, for craniofacial surgery, 19:1244-1259

transduced mesenchymal stem cell with, in mandible distraction surgery, 23:392

implant of, human, tooth eruption and (Research Foundation), 10:338-341

lyophilized carriers for, in calvarial defects (Scientific Foundation), 9:147-153

for radiation-induced bone healing impairment (Scientific Foundation), 9:131-137

Bone morphogenetic protein-2, mediated mandible reconstruction, effects of, rabbit model, 25:2241

Bone pencils, Sterrad sterilization for, 23:582

Bone plates, number, correlation with osteosynthesis in mandibular fractures, 25:e526

Bone preservation, spontaneous resolution of diabetes insipidus after cranioplasty and cranial defect repair (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1536-1537

Bone quality, in mandibular distraction osteogenesis, 21:1438-1442

Bone reduction: serial nasal bone reduction as new approach to management of nasal bone fracture, 20:49-52

Bone regeneration

afterpoly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid/hydroxyapatite and deproteinized bovine bone graft in sinus lifting, radiographic evaluation of, 24:845

bicortical mandible bony defects, effect of bovine porous bone mineral, PRP and bio-guide membrane, 25:216

biodegradable polymers for (Scientific Foundations), 17:935-942

demineralized bone matrix invivo, effect of carrier type of, 24:2135

Discussion, 15:428-430

DO-associated, vascularity of, 23:328

guided, and platelet rich plasma, for onlay bone graft maintenance, 25:2237

in Athymic Calvarial defects with Accell DBM100 (Original Articles), 18:497-503

in experimental cranial defects using spongostan and Bio-Oss as protein carrier, effects of acidic fibroblast growth factor, 24:1507

intermittent parathyroid hormone treatment enhances, in rat calvarial bone defects (Scientific Foundations), 15:424-427

keratinized tissue reduction during, avoidance with collagen matrix, 23:e186

membrane effectiveness, effects of thickness, 25:2066

model, dental and periosteal stem cells biodegradable scaffolds as carriers in, comparative morphometric analysis of, 24:866

patholologic fracture of the mandible after removal of follicular cyst (Clinical Study), 22:1779-1780

platelet-rich plasma (PRP) application (Technical Experience) 21:900-903

polymer scaffolds in vivo, differentiated adipose-derived stem cells for, 25:1504

PRF and synthetic graft for, 25:2164

principle, guided, role of, in preventing fibrous healing in distraction osteogenesis at high speed: experimental study in rabbit mandibles (Original Articles), 15:916-921

rhBMP 2-transducedmesenchymal stem cells for, 23:392

stem cell effects, clinical usefulness, 25:190, 25:197

treatment of postextraction sockets, 22:494-497

use of barrier membranes and guided-tissue regeneration in, maxilla cleft defect reconstruction (Technical Strategies), 17:1153-1160

with tissue engineering, self-assembling peptide nanofiber scaffolds, platelet-rich plasma, and mesenchymal stem cells for, 20:1523-1530 (Scientific Foundation)

Bone screws, microscrews as, 2:71-73

Bone sialoprotein, long-term evaluation of maxillary reconstruction by iliac bone graft (Clinical Study), 22:1702-1706

Bone tissue engineering

frontiers craniofacial surgery (Special Editorial), 21:621-630

porous carbonate apatite and bone marrow cells for, 21:473-478 (Scientific Foundation)

new concept in regenerative medicine and surgery, 20:4-6 (Special Editorial)

after osteotomy with rotating cutters or piezoelectric terminals, comparison of, 20:1424-1425 (Clinical Note)

Bone transplantation

design and validation of a test protocol, 22:113-117

distraction osteogenesis versus fibula free flap for mandibular reconstruction after gunshot injury, socioeconomic and technical comparisons, 22:876-882

Bone transport

distraction, cranial, with and without adipose grafting, evaluation, 25:766

osteogenesis, for large calvarial defects, 25:1917

Bone union, early complete bone union after condylar fracture in a child (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1515-1517

Bone void filler, and magnesium-based bone cement, 20:461-464 (Scientific Foundation)

Bone wax

and ostene, comparison for implantation (Clinical Notes), 17:420-425

ossification of, in cranial defect repair (Scientific Foundation), 7:347-351

Bone(s) cell migration, effect of platelet releasate on, and recruitment in vitro (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:292-300

cements, carbonated calcium phosphate, reconstruction of immature craniofacial skeleton: interaction with bioreabsorbable mesh, 14:117-124

craniofacial, replacement of, accuracy of stereolithography in planning (Scientific Foundations), 14:164-170

(Discussion), 14:934-935

engineering applications, in vitro and in vivo, precise cylindrical three-dimensional tissue engineering scaffolds for, fabrication of (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:317-323

bone formation, or just refined bone regeneration (Editorial), 14:265

in vivo, in rabbit femur (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:324-332

potential of cryopreserved human bone marrow mesenchymal cell/hydroxyapatite complex in presence of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2, experimental study on, 14:108-116

graft(s) early, in Tessier number 4 cleft: case report (Surgical Strategies), 14:406-410

(Discussion), 14:411-412

survival of, utilizing periosteal free flap, complex midfact reconstruction: maximizing contour and (Original Articles) (Surgical Strategies), 14:413-416, 14:779-782

growth, local reparative, proton pump inhibitors control osteoclastic resorption of calcium phosphate implants and stimulate increased local reparative bone growth (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:301-307

healing, adjacent, of cranial osteonecrosis, roles of periosteum, dura, and (Scientific Foundations), 14:371-379

(Discussion), 14:380-382

human cadaver, holding power of bioreabsorbable self-reinforced poly-L/DL-lactide 70/30

tacks and miniscrews in (Scientific Foundations), 14:171-175

marrow, mesenchymal cell/hydroxyapatite complex, cryopreserved human, in presence of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2, experimental study on bone formation potential of, 14:108-116

morphogenetic protein, delivery system, in search of ideal: in vitro studies on demineralized bone matrix, purified and recombinant bone morphogenetic protein (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:284-291

parietal, agenesis and associated multiple congenital anomalies (Clinical Notes), 14:192-196

regeneration effect of, on growth hormone on consolidation in mandibular distraction osteogenesis of dog model (Original Articles), 14:417-425

refined, bone engineering, bone formation, or (Editorial), 14:265

substitute, in craniofacial area, porous polymethylmethacrylate as (Clinical Notes), 14:63-68 (Discussion), 14:596-598

demineralized, osteoinduction/chondroinduction by, mechanisms of, 20:634-638

implant treatment in grafted and native, in ED patients (Clinical studies), 21:1776-1780

Bone(s) See also specific bones

availability after second alveolar bone grafts, outcomes in two age groups, 24:e565

cleft alveolar, engineered autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells alternative for, 23:1558

craniosynostotic dura matter and, tissue interactions between, 23:919

cysts, aneurysmal, mimicking parotid gland mass, 23:1932

deep-frozen and lyophilized-demineralized allogenic, in prefabricated bone flaps, and associated tissue expression of transforming growth factor β, experimentalstudy comparing, 24:1914

extensive erosion of, giant cranionsal and cystic-solid craniopharyngioma-associated with, 24:e398

fresh/frozen integration at different times, histological evaluation of, 24:836

guided regeneration, silk fibroin and 4-hexylresorcinol incorporation membrane for, 24:1927

marginal loss, effects on single implant crown biomachanics, 24:1459

parietal osteogenesis of, effects of direct electric current on, 23:1607

petrous pneumatization, and pulsatile tinnitus relationship between, 24:461

rib segment, and diced cartilage grafts, correction of enophthalmos with, 23:1917

severe resorption, in expanded polytetrafluoroethylense chin augmentation, 24:1711

stress analysis, regulars witching platform for, 23:678

stress, loading influence on, 23:415

tissue engineering, 23:30

transport and graft, using auto-tooth bone for alveolar cleft repair, 24:e65

allograft, demineralized and nondemineralized, hydration characteristics of (Scientific Foundation), 17:120-129

autogenous

in reconstruction of severe zygomatico-orbital fracture with dislocation of globe into antrum (Clinical Note), 4:95-101

calvarial, defects using, biomechanical effects of using cranioplasty for, 23:e152

autologous, and bioglass, in cranial reconstruction (Original Article), 18:1290-1295

basic biological concepts, 23:30

biological effect of resorbable plates on normal osteoblasts and osteoblasts derived from Pfeiffer syndrome, 22:860-863

calcium phosphate cement for, 23:145

calvarial see also Calvarial bone and cartilage.

critical size defects in, effect of FGF and polylactide scaffolds on healing of (Scientific Foundations), 17:935-942

giant malignant meningioma in, case study, 23:599

changes in mandibular condyle and glenoid fossa after bilateral vertical mandibular ramus distraction, micro-CT evaluation of (Errata, Scientific Foundation), 17:611-619

chin, secondary alveolar cleft grafts using (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864-868

contact of titanium miniplate/screw with (Scientific Foundation), 11:184-188

cranial See Cranial bone cranial

vault, remodeling techniques for, 1:147

regeneration of, guided tissue regeneration and (Clinical Note), 11:553

defects in

tissue-engineered repair of (Discussion), cranial, defects in, tissue-engineered repair of

"reconstruction of, with hydroxyapatite and free flap transfer (Clinical Note), 8:141-145

(Frontiers in Surgery), 12:586-593

expansion of (Technical Strategy), 7:151-155

grafting of, biodegradable vs titanium fixation in, 7:54-59

healing of

enhanced, 7:299

substituted dextran polymers and, 7:19-22

thickness of, ultrasound assessment of, 8:213-220

craniofacial, repair of, BMP gene therapy in, 11:24-30

critical-size defect ossification, effect of leporid age in a cranioplasty model (Scientific Foundation), 22:2341-2343

density

and angular deviation of implants placed using CT-generated surgical guides (Clinical Study), 22:1755-1760

conical implants with internal hexagon, 24:841

extensive aneurysmal bone cyst, of the mandible, 22:841-844

defect

reconstruction

after excision of skin tumors, (Original Articles), 18:1031

facial, distraction osteogenesis, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1133-1137

calvarial, effect of platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue on healing of, 20:34-40

cranial

nasopharyngeal encephalocele: report of transcranial and transpalatal repair, 20:2251-2256 (Brief Clinical Note)

reconstruction using quick-setting hydroxyapatite cement and absorbable plates, 20:580-581 (Correspondence)

cranioplasty of (Clinical Notes), 17:1076-1079

frontal, prolonged, causing brain atrophy (Clinical Notes), 17:843-847

in forehead trauma, 3-step treatment for, 20:498-501 (Technical Strategy)

orbital floor, porous polyethylene implant for reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 17:1059-1064

osteopromotion technique for healing, use of solvent-dehydrated cortical bone plate (Clinical Study), 17:1105-1110

repair with autogenous bone graft and low-power laser, stimulation of osteogenesis in (Experimental Study), 17:297-301

segmental, restoration of, osteogenesis mechanism of chitosan-coated calcium sulfate pellets on, 20:1445-1450 (Clinical Note)

tooth and periodontal bone defect associated with posttraumatic alveolar bone crush fracture, new regenerative treatment for, 20:780-783

pellet on bone formation in, effect of calcium sulfate-chitosan composite on (Scientific Study), 16:213-227

repair of, with combination biomaterials (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:11-15

complicating craniofacial surgery, 8:344

in McCune-Albright syndrome (Clinical Note), 9:79-82

demineralized

in craniofacial reconstruction (Symposium), 10:405-406

ossification of, in cranial defect repair (Scientific Foundation), 7:347-351

osteoinductive potential of

age and (Scientific Foundation), 9:142-146

ethylene oxide gas sterilization and, 6:195-197

distracted, orthodontic tooth movement into (Scientific Foundation), 9:564-571

erosion of, skin expansion and, 1:103

facial

craniomaxillofacial, complex-type penetrating injuries of (Clinical Notes), 17:442-446

deformities of, associated with hemifacial microsomia, 2:181-188

fractures of

bioabsorbable fixation devices for, mechanical design optimization of, 20:389-398

frontal, new technique of closed reduction for (Correspondence), 18:1508

orbital, analysis of, 20:1218-1223 (Clinical Note)

technique of close reduction (Technical Strategies), 18:695-698

and osteotomies, fixation device material PLDLA for (Scientific Foundations), 17:935-942

cyanoacrylate in (Clinical Note), 8:229-235

trauma to, fixation of, with absorbable mini-plates, 8:135-140

fiber free flap in mandibular reconstruction, complications after, 23:499

fixation of

osteomyelitis and fracture, in pyknodysostosis patients (Clinical Study), 21:787-789

bioabsorbable devices for, 8:92-95

in pediatric craniofacial surgery, 8:97-102

congenital, early experience with, 8:110-114

preventable complication of (Clinical Report), 8:151-152

devices for, resorbable, for craniosynostosis surgery, 6:477

effects of, on craniofacial imaging, 4:67-73

for mandibular fractures, methods of, scintigraphic evaluation of, 8:270-272

in maxillofacial trauma with absorbable mini-plates, 8:135-140

osteoconductive capacity of hydroxyapatite implanted into the skull of diabetics, 22:2048-2052

poly L-lactic acid-polyglycolic acid devices for, degradation characteristics of, 8:116-120

resorbable

rivet system for pediatric craniofacial surgery (Clinical Notes), 17:11-14

craniofacial growth and, 5:110-115

for craniomaxillofacial surgery (Special Editorial), 8:85-86

effects of, on craniofacial skeletal growth, 3:190-196

in traumatic midfacial fractures, 8:103-109

rigid, internal, removal of, reasons for, 9:40-44

semirigid (Clinical Note), 2:146-151

flap of

galeoparietal, full-thickness, for mandibular reconstruction after hemimandibulec-tomy, 8:59

vascularized, prefabrication by DBM (Scientific Foundations), 18:43-48

prefabricated, with deep-frozen and lyophilized-demineralized allogenic and tissue expression of transforming growth factor β, experimental study comparing, 24:1914

"occipitoparietal, for mandibular recon-struction (Technical Strategy), 6:249-253

formation ability, basic studies on, by platelet rich plasma in rabbits (Scientific Foundations), 15:439-446

formation of

and cell differentiation, rhBMP-4-stimulated, within expanding calvarial suture, 20:1561-1565 (Scientific Foundation)

in calvarial experimental model, micro-CT and histomorphometry for assessment of, correlation between (Scientific Foundation), 19:446-452

in maxillary distraction osteogenesis, role of TEOM in promotion of, 19:80-87

in femoral condyle-contained bone defects, effects of chitosan-coated calcium sulfate pellets with bone morphogenetic protein 2 on, 21:188-195 (Scientific Foundation)

in algae-derived and synthetic calcium phosphates with/without poloxamer, 24:354

between bare titanium surface and hydroxyapatite coating by aerosol deposition in nasal mucosal penetration model, 24:632

during mandibular distraction osteogenesis, effects of low intensity pulsed ultrasound, study review, 23:943

in maxilla, reactive post-radiotherapy, 24:e43

after cranial osteotomies with high-speed drill, analysis, 8:466-470

in cranial, mandibular, tibial, and iliac bone grafts in rats, 6:139-141

inducing (Symposium), 10:411-413

quantitating with tetracycline fluorescence incident photometry, 5:77-80

in calvarial bone defect, leukemia inhibitory factor and (Scientific Foundation), 11:513

pellet on, in bone defect, effect of calcium sulfate-chitosan composite on (Scientific Study), 16:213-227

in pterygoid region after maxillary distraction

(Clinical Note), 12:109-117

evaluation of, 20:275-278

(Discussion), 12:118

frontal See Frontal bone

hyperostotic mass in, 23:e27

reconstruction using BMP-2 and 3D technology, heparin with bovine type I collagen, hyaluronic acid, and fibrin as vehicles for (Clinical Notes), 17:275-279

defects in, extensive, galea flap for (Technical Strategy), 6:164-168

distraction of, outside cranial plane (Technical Strategy), 4:177-181

genetic disorder of, osteogenesis and, 10:27-37

hydroxyapatite as, with bone morphogenetic protein, osteogenetic activity of, basic fibro-blast growth factor and (Scientific Foundation), 7:418-424

hydroxyapatite ceramic as, 6:238-243

(Symposium), 7:479-483

gene therapy for, 23:333

grafts of. See Graft(s), bone

growth factors in, for radiation-induced impairment of bone healing (Scientific Foundation), 9:131-137

healing of

calvarial

bone defects, effect of FGF and polylactide scaffolds on (Scientific Foundations), 17:935-942

differential, commentary on, 24:344

fragmented autogenous white adipose tissue in, 23:1239

defects, critical, role of platelet gel and calcium coated lactosorb membranes in healing of, 20:2200-2204 (Scientific Foundation)

in calvarial defects, effects of laser and ozone therapies, 24:2141

capacity, variation in, 24:339

collagen type I matrix for, 24:e394

effects of autologous platelet-rich plasma with biphasic synthetic graft, 23:1318

mandibular, effects of zoledronic acid, osteoporotic model for, 24:1221

peri-implant, effects of implant insertion torque, histologic and biomechanical evaluation of, 24:860

PRP and fibrin glue on healing of calvarial bone defects, 20:34-40

as a functional adaptation to mechanical Loading, Wolff’s law, 21:1-2 (Editorial)

characteristics, comparison of membranous, in fetal and postnatal periods: experimental study (Scientific Foundations), 15:314-323

in presence of implantable fixation devices in children and in adults (Editorial), 19:1435-1437

after temporary anterior mandibular osteotomy, 10:186-192

spontaneous, in rabbit, 11:346-349

harvesting of

by percutaneous power-oriented core ostectomy, 6:170-172

calvarial, with piezoelectric device (Technical Experiences), 18:1395-1396

iliac bone graft, shifting of nerve passage over iliac crest by skin retraction (Anatomic Studies), 18:1447-1450

heterotopic, in nasal polyps, 23:620

human cortical allograft, composition of, derived from FDA/AATB-screened donors (Scientific Studies), 16:579-585

hyoid, positions of, changes in, after body ostectomies and sagittal split ramus osteotomies (Clinical Study), 16:23-30

iliac

graft of, preemptive analgesia in (Clinical Study), 9:448-451

iliac, secondary alveolar cleft grafts using (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864-868

thickness map of, 8:272-278

implants of

for calvarial defect reconstruction after meningi-omas removal, 4:130-133

demineralized

perforated, in craniofacial surgery, 3:55-62

species-specific, in reconstruction of large congenital cranio-orbital defect, 3:113-118

interface between titanium miniplate/screw and (Scientific Foundation), 11:184-188

interstitial growth of, revisited (Scientific Foundations), 15:283-287

labeling of, fluorochrome, in nerve growth factor treatment of onlay bone grafts, 2:175

lengthening of

in syndromal craniosynostosis children awaiting midface advancement surgery, Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis for (Clinical Notes), 17:28-39

bidirectional callus distraction for, 7:258-266

in human mandible by gradual distraction, 5:313

midfacial advancement by, for craniofacial deformities, 9:114-122

living, graft of, for huge ossifying tumors involving orbit (Technical Strategy), 7:156-159

mandible deficiency, multistage bone-charged DO reconstruction for, 23:175

mandibular, deficit of, with histologic study in man (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:174-180

membranous

biodegradable fixation of (Scientific Foundation), 9:171-176

evaluation of, microcomputed tomography scanning in, 9:48-54

metaplasia in nasal polyps, 23:620

midface, defects in, reconstruction of, with Vitallium micromesh, 3:125-133

mineral, bovine, anorganic, reconstruction of cal-varial defects in rabbit model with, 4:79-84

newly formed, use of 3D-CT measurement method in study of (Clinical Studies), 17:492-496

occipital, epidermoid cyst of (Clinical Note), 6:161-163

palatine torus, guided surgery excision of, 23:609

stabilization, in craniofacial surgery, new fast-resorbing polymer for (Clinical Notes), 17:40-43

stress, loading influence on, 23:415

tissue engineering, 23:30

transport distraction osteogenesis, for reconstruction of mandibular bone and soft-tissue defect (Technical Experiences), 18:1397-1402

zygomatic

cavernous hemangioma in, 23:607

and frontal fractures, new classification and staging system for (Clinical Notes), 17:1040-1044

parietal, thickness map of, in Korean adults, 8:208-212

perforated demineralized, in craniofacial surgery, 3:55

production, in vitro, using stem cells derived from human dental pulp (Scientific Studies), 17:511-515

reconstruction of

of the Maxillary Alveolus for subsequent insertion of dental implant in patients with cleft lip and palate (Technical Strategies), 18:630-638

after tumor resection using irradiated bone (Clinical Note), 9:459-463

immediate, after tumor resection around orbit (Technical Strategy), 5:275

with allogenic type I collagen implants for critical size defects, 12:573-579

in autograft repair (Scientific Foundation), 4:104

in calvarial defects, tissue segregation enhancing (Scientific Foundation), 5:34-43

in calvarial reconstruction in baboons with porous hydroxyapatite, 3:149-159

in cranial defects with biodegradable barriers, 12:41-47

intracranial migration of microplates vs wires and, 9:60-64

in osseous wound healing, 7:46-52

materials enhancing, 9:310-316

resorbable membranes for, in pediatric craniofacial surgery, 8:127-128

study of (Correspondence), 8:154

TCP ceramic bone substitution materials in, 12:59-68

transforming growth factor-?1 and, 7:36-44

(Scientific Foundation), 7:300-310

regenerated, structure and function of (Editorial), 6:351

regeneration

DO-associated, vascularity of, 23:328

guided (GBR), and osseointegration in ectodermal dysplasia patients (Original Article), 18:1296-1304

rhBMP 2-transduced mesenchymal stem cells for, 23:392

repair

effects anorganic bovine bone matrix particle size, histologic and radiographic study in vivo, 24:1074

three-dimensional printing of, 23:304

hydroxyapatite and biphasic calcium phosphate in combination with pluronic F127 and BMP on, evaluation of (Original Article), 18:1264-1275

three-dimensional printing of, 23:304

in diabetic rats, insulin-like growth factor type 1 and, 6:218-222

endochondral vs intramembranous demineralized bone matrices in, 10:177-184

fourth generation of (Editorial), 5:207

materials for critical size defect as experimental model for, 1:60

synthetic, for craniofacial reconstruction, 1:150

radiation-induced impairment of, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 and (Scientific Foundation), 9:131-137

resorption of

effects of bisphosphonates on inhibition of (Clinical Notes), 17:876-879

postextractive, effect of systemic alendronate on (Clinical Note), 19:1061-1066

reduction of, by application of fibrin glue in reconstruction of alveolar cleft (Technical Strategies), 16:105-112

intracranial migration of microplates vs wires and, 9:60-64

mechanisms of (Scientific Foundation), 9:254-259

septal, nasal cartilaginous, reconstructed with costal cartilaginous graft (Surgical Strategies), 16:819-822

skull, defect of, in vertex without scalp defect (Clinical Report), 8:146-150

sphenoid, giant-cell tumors or, craniofacial treatment of (Clinical Note), 5:254-255

substitute(s) for

allograft and alloplastic, review of science and technology for craniomaxillofacial surgeon and (Clinical Studies), 16:981-989

45S5 bioactive glass combined as, in reconstruction of critical size calvarial defects in rabbits (Scientific Foundation), 16:63-70

allogeneic/alloplastic, for closure of calvarial critical-sized defects in rabbits (Scientific Studies), 17:926-934

different, long-term results with, used for sinus floor elevation (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:38-41

hydroxyapatite-polyhydroxybutyrate composites for, comparison of in vivo properties of, 20:853-859 (Scientific Foundation)

discussion, 20:860-861

Bio-Oss particles/collagen sponges as, in repair of experimental calvarial defects in rabbit model (Scientific Foundation), 5:242-245

demineralized bone matrix as, 5:172-177

enhancing bone regeneration, critical-size defect and, 9:310-316

temporal

orbital osteosarcoma in, reconstruction with autoclaved autologous bone graft, 24:e59

with middle ear, GCT of (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:797-800

fibrous dysplasia of, complication of, 9:433-437

successful use of Biosorb osteofixation devices in 165 cranial and maxillofacial cases: a multicenter report (Clinical Notes), 15:692-701

Discussion, 15:702

temporal, fracture of, as complication of condylectomy (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:185-1089

tissue-engineered, using mesenchymal stem cells and biodegradable scaffold (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:34-37

vomeral, nasal cartilaginous, reconstructed with costal cartilaginous graft (Surgical Strategies), 16:819-822

Bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA), percutaneous, 14:637-642

Bone-anchored implants

for absent ear (Scientific Foundation), 19:744-747

for orbital reconstruction (Clinical Notes), 17:848-853

Bone-borne devices, mandibular symphyseal distraction osteogenesis with, outcome of, 20:488-493 (Technical Strategy)

Bone-ceramic composite for enhancement of bone graft regeneration, 2:27-32

clinical experience with, 2:29-31

materials used in, 2:27-28

surgical technique for, 2:28-29

Bones. See also specificbones

cranial, nasal, and mandible, hyperplasia, facial asymmetry with, 25:1557

de novo formation, in periosteal distraction, effects of HBO therapy, 25:1740

formation, extensive, in painful blind eye, 25:e562

large mandibular, regeneration, hard and soft issue healing in, rhBMP-2 for, 25:860

maxillary, expansion, palatal distraction device for bone- ad tooth-bone anchorages, 25:589

nasal, osteoid osteoma, endonasal endoscopic excision of, 25:e471

peri-implant, around parallel-walled dental implants with self-tapping apex and condensing thread macrodesign, retrospective analysis, 25:840

regeneration (See Bone regeneration)

substitutes, equine and porcine, in maxillary sinus augmentation, 25:835

zygomatic, aneurysmal cysts in, 25:e148

BoneSource

solidification (Clinical Note), 11:495-497

(Discussion), 11:498-499

for correction of depressed forehead in CCD, 20:564-566 (Brief Clinical Note)

in pediatric craniofacial reconstructive surgery (Clinical Study), 21:1130-1134

Bony contact/overlap, effect of computer-designed offset cuts in free fibular mandible reconstruction, 23:1592

Bony defect(s)

in giant cystlike temporal encephalocele (Clinical Note), 10:435-438

incidence of traumatic brain injury in children increase after craniofrontal surgery, 22:1284-1286

treatment of, BMP-9-transduced prefabricated muscular flaps for (Scientific Foundations), 15:736-741

Discussion, 15:742-744

Bony defects, bicortical, bone regeneration, effect of bovine porous bone mineral, PRP and bio-guide membrane, 25:216

Bony erosion, frontal, dermoid cysts and, 23:131

Bony fractures, craniomaxillofacial (Clinical Note), 7:384-392

Bony free flaps, for maxillomandibular reconstruction, orthognathic surgery role in (Technical Strategy), 21:1238-1240

Bony ridge, elevated, along metopic suture in metopic synostosis patient, 25:55

Bony ridges, different, stress distribution on, three-dimensional finite element analysis of, 23:1888

Bony tubercle, at external occipital protuberance and prominent ridges, characterization of, 23:1873

Bony width, lower facial width and masseter muscle volume in subjects with prominent mandible angles, 3D analysis of relationship among, 20:1114-1119

Bony-cartilaginous hump, removal of, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1099

Boric acid, powdered, EAC stenosis induced by, 25:1776

Bossing

classification and pathogenic models of unintentional postural cranial deformities in infants, 22:33-40

frontal sinus anterior wall, postsurgical PTT in management of frontal bossing, analytic method for, 24:781

Boston bombings, surgical view of lessons learned, 23:1061

Botilinumtoxin type A (BTX-A), for management of blepharospasm with SJS (Clinical Notes), 17:656-660

Botox. See Botulinum Toxin A

Bottle-feeding, effect of unrestricted feeding on early postoperative course after cleft palate repair, 20:1886-1888

"Bottom-up and outside in" sequence, management of panfacial fracture with, 24:e479

Botulinum toxin A

for congenital muscular torticollis, 25:1935

in wound contraction and skin graft, efficiency of, 25:1908

Botulinum toxin(BoNT)

foreign body reaction to, 23:e303

response to, 24:1501

injected into lacrimal gland, functional and histologic changes from, 24:1960

injections into salivary glands for drooling management, secondary effects of, 24:28

over brow height, quantitative effect of, 24:1285

pretreated muscle flap for ischemia-reperfusion and chemical delay, comparison of perivascular and intramuscular applications, 24:278

and surgery, for treatment of Treacher Collins syndrome (Clinical Note), 19:1600-1602

for treatment of temporomandibular joint disk disfigurement (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:476-480

injection therapy in the treatment of masseteric hypertrophy, 21:588-591 (Anatomical Study)

Type A

recalcitrant idiopathic muscular torticollis in infants with (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:321-326

splint-assisted reduction of comminuted or complex maxillofacial fractures (Technical Strategy), 22:1471-1475

lower facial contouring with (Scientific Foundation), 19:1613-1617

Bovine bone mineral

anorganic, reconstruction of calvarial defects in rabbit model with, 4:79-84

particles of, inorganic, in full-thickness skull defect reconstruction, comparison of porous hydroxyapatite granules and cranial bone dust with, 3:25-29

Bovine bone morphogenetic proteins, role of, in bone matrix protein and osteoblast-related gene expression during rat bone marrow stromal cell differentiation (Experimental Study), 16:1006-1014

Bovine porous bone mineral, PRP and bio-guide membrane combined, in bone regeneration in biocortical bony defects, 25:216

Bovine-derived hydroxyapatite xenograft, autogenous platelet-rich plasma in combination with, for treatment of cystic lesion of jaw (Clinical Notes), 16:978-980

Bowstring canthal advancement in correction of flattened supraorbital rim in unilateral coronal synostosis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:492-496

Box osteotomy, frontoethmoidal mucocele after, 25:2008

Brachial cleft

large inflamed cyst, diagnosis of, 24:1500

type II first, anomaly of, 24:1832

Brachial plexus

injuries, pediatric, controversies in diagnosis and treatment of, 20:1036-1038

Brachial plexus, injuries, options and outcomes, 25:1200

Brachiocephalic artery, anomaly, in neck, identification with video-assisted parathyrodectomy, 24:570

Brachycephaly

prenatal diagnosis to therapeutic management and surgical treatment (Brief ClinBrachycephaly, classification and pathogenic models of unintentional postural cranial deformities in infants, 22:33-40

nonsyndromic, treatment of, using a multiple bone flap rotation-reposition technique (Surgical Strategies), 15:603-608

external pressure and, 11:39-41

nonsyndromic, early peri-fronto-orbital craniectomy, for functional preservation and morphologic improvement in, 19:40-44

positional, correlation of cranial shape assessment, 23:998

Brachydactyly in Crouzon’s disease, 5:221

Brachytherapy, integra and interval, in 2-stage auricular reconstruction after recurrent keloid excision, 23:e379

Brain atlas, digital interactive, Chinese visible human dataset-based, 25:304

Brain atrophy, due to prolonged frontal bone defect (Clinical Notes), 17:843-847

Brain injury, penetration of Kirschner’s Knitting Needle into middle cranial cavity (Technical Strategies), 18:674-679

Brain See also specific regions

clival and paraclival region, extradural subtemporal transzygomatic approach with endoscopic assist in, 23:1468

dissymmetric bilateral frontal contusion in, treatment with endoscopy-assisted cerebral falx incision, 23:1819

hypoxic-Ischemic injury, microRNA expression in cerebral cortex after, detection by microarray, 24:2147

injuries, incidence of facial fractures in, 23:1324

trauma, motorcycle accident-associated, effects of helmet use, 23:982

abscess of

associated with eyelid contracture (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:182-184

by mycotic and bacterial infection in diabetes (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578-583

from cranio-orbital foreign body (Clinical Note), 7:311-314

of odontogenic origin (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2363-2365

orbital cellulitis and sinusitis (Brief Clinical Study), 21:932-934

in craniosynostotic rabbits, 9:234-238

positron emission tomography of, in single-suture craniosynostosis, 10:38-42

restoration after forehead trauma, 20:498-501 (Technical Strategy)

SPECT analysis of, for cerebral perfusion defects in simple craniosynostosis, 7:177-185

tumor of, congenital, associated with frontonasal encephalocele (Clinical Note), 6:386-389

Brain, soft tissues, and bone defects, restoration of, outcomes of forehead trauma (Erratum), 21:2036

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and nerve growth factor, ole of, in inferior alveolar nerve regeneration in distraction osteogenesis (Clinical Review), 14:859-865

Brain. See also specificregions

cerebellopontine angle, Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor in, 25:699

herniation

after TMJ giant cell tumor resection, prevention of, 25:1769

prolactinoma with, endoscopic transsphenoidal treatment, 25:e271

traumatic bifrontal contusion-induced, diagnosis and treatment for, 25:2105

middle cerebral artery, dolichoectasia in, radiologic follow-up, 25:e269

temporal lobe, large clival giant cell tumor in, endoscopic endonasal treatment, 25:446

traumatic injury, subdural effusion secondary to decompressive craniectomy, prevention with pressure dressing, 25:1836

Branch retinal vein occlusion, SOV enlargement with, Graves ophthalmopathy and, 25:e322

Branchial arch anomalies in oculo-auriculo-vertebral syndrome (Clinical Note), 11:547

Branchial cartilaginous remnant, cervical, transection of, 23:611

Branchial cleft

anomalies, 19:1487-1490

cysts presentation of, 23:e670

Branchial cyst carcinoma, revisited, stem cells, dormancy and malignant transformation (Clinical Study), 22:918-921

Branchial cysts, in oropharynx, excision of, 25:e218

Branchio-oculo-facial syndrome (BOFS), lesser forms of cleft lip associated with, 20:608-611

Branchioma, branchial cyst carcinoma revisited, stem cells, dormancy and malignant transformation (Clinical Study), 22:918-921

Branemark osseointegrated implants for cranial bone grafts for mandibular reconstruction (Technical Strategy), 4:51-57

Breast augmentation, secondary reconstruction of the dura mater, 22:84-88

Breast cancer

autologous lipoaspirate grafting in patient, risk after, 24:700

orbita, and cervical metachronous tumor metastasis to paranasal sinuses, 24:e64

orbital apex syndrome as symptom of, 24:1476

Breast deformity, pediatric (Clinical Notes), 17:454-467

Breast milk intake, association between fatty acid profile of serum lipids in ten-year-old cleft children, school performance, and (Clinical Studies), 16:764-769

Breast, developing, burns of, 19:1030-1033

Bregma, masses in, in children, 7:204-206

BROJ. See Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw

Bronchial cervical cysts, inner cyst approach to, 24:1767

BRONJ. See Bishosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw

Brow

benign tumor ablation of, endoscopic, 8:176-180

displacement of, supine sleeping position and, 7:12-17

position change, after upper blepharoplasty/levator advancement, 23:434

Brow incision, lateral, for zygomatic tripod fractures, 21:1042-1044

Brow lift, video endoscopic-assisted (Technical Strategy), 19:1140-1147

Brow plasty, endoscopic and conventional (Symposium), 9:285

Brown tumor

in children with normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism: report of two cases (Clinical Notes), 14:69-73

palatal and mandibular, primary hyperparathyroidism presenting as, 20:2101-2104 (Clinical Note)

Brucellosis, Brucella melitensis infection within warthin tumor of the parotid gland (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1899-1901

Brushite cement, and collagen gel, BMP-2 injected on, for osteoinduction, 23:594

?-tricalcium phosphate bone substitute on cranial vault defect, effects of, 21:358-359

Bruxism, implant-supported rehabilitation elements in patients with bruxism, 23:1905

BRVO. See Branch retinal vein occlusion

Bucca

bilateral bifurcation cyst, 23:e643

branch, as guide for superficial parotidectomy, 23:e447

defect reconstruction, comparison of flaps for, 24:e450

fat pad

pediatric Lipoma of, 23:1934

translocated pedicled, tumor resection in, 23:98

inversion and palatal relocation flaps. for delayed closure of palatal defect after maxillectomy, 24:660

nodular fasciitis, with rapid growth after incisional biopsy in, mimicking sarcoma, 24:e615

reconstruction with mouth floor mucosal flap, 23:1143

vestibule, mucocele in, 23:1928

Buccal branches, facial, interrelated buccal fat pad with (Anatomical Strategies), 16:658-660

Buccal fat pad (BFP)

surgical technique of the transoral approach to remove a lipoma (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2415-2418

interrelated, with facial buccal branches and parotid duct (Anatomical Strategies), 16:658-660

translocated pedicled, tumor resection in, 23:98

Buccal fat pad, intraoral maxillary reconstruction with, 25:2174

Buccal mucosa

autologous graft, anophthalmic socket reconstruction with, postoperative outcomes, 25:1171

cancer resection, parotid gland duct relocation in, 25:1746

right, tri-cavernous hemangiomas in, 25:678

Buccal mucosa carcinoma, metastasizing to talus, 20:1142-1145

Buccal mucosa, and prolabium, reconstruction of a defect (Technical Strategy), 22:1013-1014

Buccal mucosal transposition flap, reconstruction, of a defect on the buccal mucosa and prolabium (Technical Strategy), 22:1013-1014

Buccal plate, to inferior alveolar nerve, attachment rate in bilateral sagittal split osteotomy, effects of sensory impairment, 25:2121

Buccal region, glomuvenous malformations in (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:2001-2003

Buccinator muscle myotomy in dentoskeletal class II alterations, 12:409-425

(Discussion), 12:426

Buccinator musculomucosal flaps, palatal fistulae closure, after CLP surgery, 25:e197

Buccinator, inferior bundle (fourth band) (Anatomical Study), 22:289-291

Buccomaxillary prostheses, stresses in, methods of assessment: photoelasticity, finite element technique, and extensometry, 20:561-564 (Brief Clinical Note)

Bulky capillary hemangioma, in parapharyngeal space, management of, 25:e161

Bullets, maxillo-facial injuries from, reconstructive surgery for, 6:473

Bull’s-eye technique with cranioplasty, for calcified cephalohematoma (Technical Strategies), 17:970-979

Burkitt lymphoma, bilateraloral non-endemic, 24:1057

Burn alopecia, use of micrografts and minigrafts together with advancement of temporalis fascia and its periosteum on treatment of, 19:907-909

Burn injury

complex, nonoperative management of, 19:1016-1019

pediatric, nonoperative management of, 19:877-881

treatment by cellular repair, 19:903-906

Burn scar contractures, of pediatric neck, 19:1010-1015

Burn star lipofilling, immunohistochemical and clinical outcomes, 24:1806

Burn wound

infections, microbiology of, 19:899-902

management, pediatric, topical antimicrobials in, 19:913-922

tangential excision of, 19:1056-1060

Burned ear reconstruction, options for (Clinical Study), 21:1165-1169

Burns

and mandible fracture, pressure cooker explosion, 21:1631-1633

biologic dressing in, 19:923-928

Botulinum Toxin A for, efficiency of, 25:1908

burned pediatric hand, early management of, 19:942-950

conductive contact, characterization of, 24:e48

contractures in anterior neck, treatment with local flaps, 23:287

ear, second- and third-degree, after heating radiator, 21:288 (Correspondence)

economics of, 19:888-890

electrical, of upper extremity in pediatric population, 19:1040-1046

facial

pediatric 19:951-959

management of, 19:960-969

scars, treatment with CO2 laser resurfacing and thin skin grafting, 21:1024-1028

facial, reconstruction, endoscopic-assisted neck tissue expansion in, 25:455

hand, 20:1045-1048

high-tension, calvarial, bipedicled scalp flaps for, 25:e406

in children, hypertrophic scars and keloids after, prevention and management of, 19:989-1006

lower-extremity burn reconstruction, in the child, 19:976-988

management of

in children (Clinical Experience), 14:713-718

ethical considerations in, 19:895-898

microstomia from, nasolabial flap for, 25:568

of developing breast, 19:1030-1033

outpatient management of, 19:1007-1009

outpatient pediatric, prevention and management of, 19:1034-1039

overview of war-related, 21:971-975

patient

critical care and monitoring of, 19:929-932

nutritional and metabolic consequences in, 19:891-894

pediatric, psychological rehabilitation of, 19:882-887

pediatric

perioral, during tonsillectomy, 25:1822

post-electrical, calvarial reconstruction with extracorporeal radial forearm flap and polymethylmethacrylate implant, follow-up, 25:718

skull, class IV, management with bipedicled superficial temporal artery scalp flap, 19:970-975

sprayed cultured mucosal epithelial cells for deep dermal, 21:1729-1732

upper extremity and hand, management of, special considerations in, 19:933-941

wounds, burn, SHMPS healing of, 25:639

Burns in plastic surgery, first bioabsorbable fixation system, 22:404-407

Burow triangle in rotation and advancement flaps, ``opposite semilunar’’ variant (Clinical Study), 22:2193-2194

Burr holes, and quantitative CT, evaluation of cranial reconstruction, 23:650

Business of medicine (Editorial), 16:193-194

Business pathways, 23:298

Buttock lift, aesthetic sculpting, suture technique for, 23:172

Buyouts (Editorial), 9:489-490

“Back to Sleep Campaign,” deformational plagiocephaly and, 7:12-17

“Blue genes” mutations: inherited forms of venous anomalies, 20:703-706

C

C syndrome, trigonocephaly in, 3:86

C-ARM digital fluoroscope, needle breakage during third moral extraction, management with, 23:1583

C-arm, Infratemporal fossa foreign body under, removal of, 25:1313

C-Graft™ impact on bone regeneration in bone implants (Original Article), 18:1264-1275

C-shape extended transconjunctival approach to traumatic orbitozygomaticomaxillary deformities (Technical Strategy), 12:603-607

C-tube head, detachable with chin plate, for osteotomy fixation and orthodontic anchorage, 24:e424

C-tube miniplates

bendable head in, biomechanical advantage, 25:686

targeted traction of impacted teeth with, 25:e485

CAD-CAM restoration, optical impression system for, 23:e575

CAD/CAM. See Computer-aided design; Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing

Cadaver head

sectioned images and surface models, 23:1176

serial sectioned images of, 23:190

Cadaver, sectioned images and surface models, for DCIA flap description, 25:626

Café-au-lait spot, surgical treatment of a giant neurofibroma (Technical Strategy), 22:2244-2246

Caffeine, soft tissue healing and, 25:2084

Calcification, epiglottis, epiglottic mobility and dyspagia induced by, 25:e519

Calcification, vascular pedicle, free fibular flap and, 23:e50

Calcified cephalohematoma

and scaphocephaly, surgical treatment for, 20:410-413 (Clinical Note)

classifications, indications for surgery and techniques (Technical Strategies), 17:970-979

Calcified cephalohematoma, endoscopic-assisted treatment of, 25:2127

Calcified hematoma, cranial deformity (Clinical Study), 22:208-210

Calcified triglyceride bone cement, bioabsorbable, for cranial reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1170-1174

Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, anterior mandible ameloblastic fibro-odontoma and, 25:e259

Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, rare hybrid odontogenic tumor in a 2-year-old child (Clinical Study), 22:554-557

Calcinosis tumor, nasal, inpatient with scleroderma, identification of, 24:1483

Calcium aluminate (CaAl), arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-modified CaAl, and ?-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) implants in calvarial defect, 20:1538-1543 (Scientific Foundation)

Calcium bone substitute, correction of alveolar cleft with calcium-based bone substitutes, 22:854-857

Calcium coated lactosorb membranes and platelet gel, role in healing critical calvarial defects, 20:2200-2204 (Scientific Foundation)

Calcium hydroxide, mixed with camphoric p-monochlorophenol or chlorhexidine in delayed tooth replantation, 22:2097-2101

Calcium ions, biomimetic matrices self-initiating the induction of bone formation (Scientific Foundation), 22:1859-1868

Calcium phosphate

algae-derived and synthetic, with/without poloxamer, in bone formation, 24:354

bone cement

antibiotic-loaded mechanical strength and in vitrio antibiotic release profile, 24:1447

reconstruction of immature craniofacial skeleton: interaction with bioreabsorbable mesh, 14:117-124

in orbital reconstructions, 23:145

bone paste (CPP), influence of mixing blood (Scientific Foundation), 22:329-332

cement (CPC)

composite with BMP, for protection of intracranial contents following craniofacial surgical procedures (Scientific Studies), 17:926-934

paste, use of, for correction of depressed nose deformity (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:327-331

in orbital reconstructions, 23:145

nasal augmentation using (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:102-105

skull reconstruction using (CME article), 21:1755-1760

ceramic implant, for cranial bone defects repair (discussion), 19:675-677

implants, proton pump inhibitors control osteoclastic resorption of, and stimulate increased local reparative bone growth (Special Issue: Regenerative Medicine), 14:301-307

(TCP and BCP), and hydroxyapatite in combination with pluronic F127 and BMP on bone repair, evaluation of (Original Article), 18:1264-1275

Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) deposition disease of temporomandibular joint, 10:385-388

Calcium sulfate (CS)

treatment of postextraction sockets, 22:494-497

bone void filler

(Discussion), 11:334

(Scientific Foundation), 11:327-333

in vitro analysis of elution of tobramycin from (Scientific Foundation), 15:752-757

pellets

chitosan-coated pressed, combined with rhBMP-2 on restoration of segmental bone defect (Scientific Foundation), 19:459-465

chitosan-coated, osteogenesis mechanism on restoration of segmental bone defects, 20:1445-1450 (Clinical Note)

effect on early bone mineralization (Original Article), 18:1309-1321

Calcium sulfate, for hemostasis control in dental extraction, 25:843

Calcium sulfate-chitosan composite, effect of, pellet on bone formation in bone defect and (Scientific Study), 16:213-227

Calcium, intracellular, increase in, extrinsic tension in immature cranial sutures and (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:391-398

Calcium-phosphosilicate synthetic putty, Demineralized bone matrix putty vs., 25:657

Calipers, cranial anthropometric measurement with, comparative study, 24:1106

Callus distraction, bidirectional, for mandibular hypoplasia, 7:258-266

Callus, of condylar neck fracture, chondroid hyperplasia from, causing TMJ ankylosis, 20:240-242 (Brief Clinical Note)

Calostasis, mandible distraction using internal device (Original Article), 18:29-38

Calvaria

defects

large, bone transport osteogenesis for, 25:1917

model, P-15 peptide release in, modified xenogeneic graft materials for, 25:70

reconstruction, lid cranioplasty for, 25:2172

derived, mesenchymal cells, osteogenic differentiation, effect of FGF9, 25:e502

high-tension electrical burns, reconstruction with bipedicled scalp flaps, 25:e406

Calvarial bone

giant malignant meningioma in, case study, 23:599

folded vascularized, treatment of cleft, follow-up of, 24:e202

critical size defects in (Scientific Foundation), 9:138-141

defects

bone formation in, leukemia inhibitory factor and, 11:512, 11:76-82

influence of mixing blood (Scientific Foundation), 22:329-332

bone healing in, effects of laser and ozone therapies, 24:2141

complex, split calvarial bone graft and porous polyethylene to cover, 23:1802

calcium aluminate (CaAl), arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-modified CaAl, and ?-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) implants in, 20:1538-1543 (Scientific Foundation)

critical, role of platelet gel and calcium coated lactosorb membranes in healing of, 20:2200-2204 (Scientific Foundation)

effect of platelet-rich plasma and fibrin glue on healing of, 20:34-40

healing of, human recombinant transforming growth factor-? 1 in (Scientific Foundation), 7:300-310

lyophilized bone morphogenetic protein-2 carriers in (Scientific Foundation), 9:147-153

reconstruction using adipocyte stem cells: experimental design, 20:340-346, 20:347-348 (Discussion)

transport disc distraction osteogenesis for reconstruction of, 20:790-796

treated, induction of bone formation in, 20:1544-1555 (Scientific Foundation)

distraction of

internal, in rabbits with experimental coronal suture immobilization (Scientific Foundation), 5:318

vertical, experimental study of, 8:187-193

dust, osteogenic potential, compared with that of bone fragments and periosteum, 20:1995-1999

grafts (CBGs)

for frontoethmoidal encephalocele, 10:136-139

for atrophic jaw reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1147-1151

harvest, autogenous, intraoperational complications of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:312-318

autogenous, for saddle nose deformities, compared to reconstruction with alloplastic material (Technical Experience), 19:466-475

bone harvesting for maxillofacial reconstructions (Clinical Study), 22:178-180

split, fixation in nasal reconstruction (Surgical Strategies), 17:131-138

and temporalis muscle flap for midfacial reconstruction after maxillary tumor resection (Clinical Notes), 17:1092-1104

transferred vascularized, viability of (Clinical Note), 19:165-170

using acellular dermal matrix in nasal reconstruction and secondary rhinoplasty for frontonasal dysplasia (Clinical Study), 22:1378-1382

for long-term management of craniofacial osteosarcoma, 20:406-409 (Clinical Note)

for frontoethmoidal meningoencephalocele, 2:4-5, 2:7

infection in, bacterial exposure required to induce, by superficial contamination (Scientific Foundation), 5:247-253

in reconstruction of intraosseous hemangiomas of zygoma (Clinical Note), 6:506

skull defects from, repair of (Technical Strategy), 4:182-186

split-thickness, in young children, 8:43-47

reconstruction of

PMMA for, 20:366-371

and tisseel glue, use in modified technique for frontal sinus obliteration, 20:528-531 (Technical Strategy)

harvesting with piezoelectric device (Technical Experiences), 18:1395-1396

healing, effect of FGFs and polylactide scaffolds on (Scientific Foundations), 17:935-942

Marjolin’s ulcer of scalp invading, treatment with medpor, 19:1026-1029

burn, bipedicled scalp flap for management of, 19:970-975

Calvarial bone graft, split, sternal cleft reconstruction with, 25:e196

Calvarial critical-sized defects in rabbits, closure using allogeneic/alloplastic bone substitutes (Scientific Studies), 17:926-934

Calvarial defect

in rabbits, critical size, 45S5 bioactive glass combined as bone substitute in reconstruction of (Scientific Foundations), 16:63-70

evaluation of hybrid porous biomimetic nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 6 and bone marrow-derived stem cell construct in repair (Scientific Foundation), 22:1852-1858

three-dimensional reconstruction of, trifocal biplanar distraction-compression osteosynthesis for, 21:483-487 (Technical Strategy)

Calvarial dural flap for cranial base resection (Technical Note), 2:153

Calvarial exposure, dual-plane approach for, 21:506-507 (Technical Strategy)

Calvarial healing, in immunodeficient mice (Scientific Foundation), 19:192-197

Calvarial injury, gene expression in response to, age-dependent differences in (Scientific Foundation), 19:1292-1301

Calvarial onlay graft, for atrophic edentulous mandibles, postoperative complications, 25:693

Calvarial osteoblast biology, affected by equibiaxial tensile strain (Scientific Foundations), 14:348-355

Calvarial osteofascial flap, prelaminated, for palatal reconstruction, 25:e365

Calvarial reconstruction, biomaterials used for, 19:383-392

Calvarial suture

expanding, rhBMP-4-stimulated cell differentiation and bone formation within, 20:1561-1565 (Scientific Foundation)

in Sprague-Dawley rat, effect of insulin growth factor-1 on (Scientific Foundation), 4:35-38

effects of iloprost on, 19:1472-1480

Calvarial, critical-size defect ossification, effect of leporid age in a cranioplasty model (Scientific Foundation), 22:2341-2343

Calvarium(ia)

and scalp, Aplasia cutis congenita of, conservative management of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:427-429

autogenous bone, defects using, biomechanical effects of using cranioplasty for, 23:e152

base

surgery defects, post-tumor resection, 23:98

TGCT in, navigation-guided resection for, 23:521

bicalcium phosphate filling-up after calvarial unicortical harvesting in maxillofacial surgery (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2392-2396

bony erosion in, dermoid cysts and, 23:131

cleidocraniodysplasia phenotype defects, ENU-induced Nell-1 deficiency with, 23:61

cloverleaf deformity, spring-mediated cranioplasty in patients with, 23:374

frontal bone, hyperostotic mass in, 23:e27

porous polyethylene

implants for, 23:67

osteoconductivity in, 23:78

trepanation of, 23:309

(Discussion), 11:405

bregmatic epidermoid inclusion cyst eroding Clinical Note), 7:148-150

defects/deformities

infected animal model wound, reconstruction with rhBMP-2, 23:410

in baboons, osteogenesis in, porous hydroxy-apatite implant geometry and (Scientific Foundation), 7:71-78

critical size, insulin-like growth factor type I and (Scientific Foundation), 9:138-141

fibrillar polylactic acid homopolymer in, 7:32-35

healing of, human recombinant transforming growth factor-? 1 in (Scientific Foundation), 7:300-310

lyophilized bone morphogenetic protein-2 carriers in (Scientific Foundation), 9:147-153

osteogenesis of, in adult primates, tissue segregation enhancing (Scientific Foundation), 5:34-43

reconstruction of, with Bio-Oss in rabbit model, 4:79-84

regeneration of, following subtotal craniectomy for craniosynostosis, 4:85-89

repair of, comparison of ossification of demineral-ized bone, hydroxyapatite, gelfoam and bone wax in (Scientific Foundation), 7:347-351

plasmacytoma of, solitary, 3:108-112

polymethylmethacrylate applied to, preventing thermal tissue injury from, 7:192-195

reconstruction of

after tumor resecting using irradiated bone (Clinical Note), 9:459-463

in baboons with porous hydroxyapatite, 3:149-159

thickness of, in Korean adults, 10:395-399

invading, solitary dural plasmacytoma mimicking, 24:e175

Cambodia, Khmer subpopulation of, orbital anthropomorphometric evaluation in (Clinical Note), 19:137-147

Camel bite injury, in maxillofacial region, report on, 24:1957

Camphoric p-monochlorophenol (CMCP), chlorhexidine in delayed tooth replantation, 22:2097-2101

Campus Bio-Medico (CBM) technique for nasolaryngeal ventilation (Clinical Note), 9:383-387

Canal mass, acoustic, bilateral internal, case of, 24:1864

Canal wall-down tympanoplasty with ossicular chain reconstruction for chronic middle ear, postoperative outcome of hearing and status of middle ear after, 21:407-410 (Clinical Study)

Canalicular adenoma, inpalate, 23:396

Canalicular laceration

blow-out fracture with, clinical characteristics and treatment, 23:1399

microscope-assisted reconstruction using mini-monoka, 24:2056

Canaliculus, lower lacrimal, anatomy of, relative to epicanthoplasty (Anatomic Studies), 16:949-952

Cancer

ablation, maxillary defects after, reverse facial-submental artery island flap for reconstruction of, 20:2217-2220 (Technical Experience)

buccal mucosa, resection parotid gland duct relocation in, 25:1746

clinical reliability of radial forearm free-flap procedure in reconstructive head and neck surgery, 22:822-825

congenital melanocytic nevus and most giant nevi, surgical treatment of (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1210-1215

Down syndrome, role of endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors in, 20:595-596

Ewing sarcoma of the jaws, 22:1657-1660

head and neck

radiotherapy, dental extractions after, healing effects of PRGF, 25:938

reconstruction flap selection, quality of life differences in, 25:868

lip

survival after diagnosis, 20:248-252 (Brief Clinical Note)

tongue, and salivary glands, in Iran: analyses of patient and tumor characteristics (Special Section: Cancer), 17:1230-1233

lip, margin shrinkage, surgical and histopathologic relationships, 25:2152

lung, simultaneous second primary tumor of sphenoid sinus in patient with, 20:2175-2177 (Clinical Note)

malignant neoplasias in maxillofacial area, incidences and causes of, 20:1210-1213 (Clinical Note)

nanotechnological application in treatment of various types of (Special Editorial), 17:3-7

nasopharyngeal, recurrent undifferentiated, endoscopic surgery for, 25:1003

of nasal fossa, UICC classification and new T-staging system for, 8:405-412

of oral cavity

frequent sites of metastasis from, 20:1142-1145

site-dependent survival in, 8:399-404

of oropharynx, stage grouping of (Clinical Experience), 10:73-77

of paranasal sinuses, UICC classification and new T- staging system for, 8:405-412

oral cavity, opium use and, 25:e505

oral, patients with, treated with microvascular transfers, speech aerodynamics and nasalance in (Clinical Studies), 16:990-996

oropharyngeal carcinoma, treatment modalities for patients with (Clinical Notes), 18:133-136

OSCC, prognostic significance of stromal eosinophilic infiltration in, 20:287-289

parotid gland

stage grouping comparison in (Clinical Note), 12:141-144

surgical strategy for, based on local risk factors, 12:434-437

periorbital and orbital malignancies in Iraq, management and reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), 18:1370-1375

skull base (RMS), surgical management of, 20:1388-1393

squamous cell, of lip in young child, 7:60-63

stage I HNSSCC, clinical prognostic factors in (Clinical Note), 19:740-743

supraglottic, transoral robotic partial laryngectomy for, 25:1422

tongue, orthotopic transplantation model for, 25:950

Candela tunable pulse dye laser in glomangioma management (Clinical Note), 7:145-147

Canine

eruption in patients with cleft lip/palate, outcome of SABG before and after (Clinical Notes), 18:1331-1337

maxillary, mandibular fracture and, 3:141-144

impacted maxillary, treatment of, 23:e16

Caniofacial fibrous dysplasia, computer-navigated contouring of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia involving the orbit, 22:469-471

Cannulated pins as delivery device in distraction osteogenesis, 12:19-25

Canons, facial, neoclassical, in young adults, 23:1693

Canthal advancement, bowstring, in correction of flattened supraorbital rim in unilateral coronal synostosis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:492-496

Canthal defects, medial, superthinned inferior pedicled glabellar flap in reconstruction of (Technical Experience), 19:500-504

Canthal distance,:outer,:in Filipino children, normative data for, 12:427-432

(Discussion), 12:433

Canthal fixation, microscrew anchorage techniques for, 2:71-72

Canthopexy, medial, molded polymethylmethacrylate external retention bolsters for soft-tissue support following (Technical Strategy), 4:48-50

Canthoplasty, cosmetic lateral, lacrimal gland fistula after, 24:1317

Canthotomy, lateral, transconjunctival incision with, anatomical position of lateral canthal liga-ment and (Scientific Foundation), 7:429-436

Cap radial craniectomy, with cranioplasty, for calcified cephalohematoma (Technical Strategies), 17:970-979

Capillary hemangioma

acquired, with tufted angioma features in external auditory canal, 24:e270

teratomas of sphenoid sinus differentiated from, 2:141

Capillary malformations, diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:761-766

Capsule formation, after duramater complex, preservation, cranial infection relapse risk and, 23:1579

Capsulopalpebral fascia (CPF)

relationship with orbital septum of lower eyelid (Anatomic Studies), 17:1118-1120

anatomy of arcuate expansion of (Anatomical Study), 21:239-242

Carbon dioxide

laser, viability of ear cartilage in rabbit model and (Scientific Foundation), 6:147-150

laser tubinplasty, complication in inferior turbinate inferior, angiofibroma, 24:e513

Carbonate apatite, for bone tissue engineering, 21:473-478 (Scientific Foundation)

Carcinoid tumor, in sphenoid sinus, 25:e483

Carcinoid tumor, larynx, transoral Robotic surgery for, 24:1996

Carcinoma(s)

adenoid cystic, neurotrophic spread of, in maxillofacial district, pre- and postsurgical adjuvant treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:332-334

adnexal skin carcinomas of face, 20:134-137

basaloid squamous carcinoma of mandible, 20:151-153

of buccal mucosa metastasizing to talus, 20:1142-1145

carcinoma cuniculatum, in oral cavity, 20:1270-1272 (Brief Clinical Note)

ex pleomorphic adenoma, in oral cavity with neck metastasis, 24:e543

follicular carcinoma of thyroid, infratemporal metastasis from, 20:165-167 (Clinical Note)

giant BCC, extended cervical and thoracic reconstruction after resection of, use of lateral deltopectoral flap in, 20:885-888 (Technical Experience)

malignant neoplasias in maxillofacial area, incidences and causes of, 20:1210-1213 (Clinical Note)

microcystic adnexal, misdiagnosis and aggressiveness of (Clinical Notes), 16:53-58

NBCCS, cephalometric study of patients and controls, 20:203-208 (Anatomic Study)

OSCC, recurrent, salvage treatment for, 20:1093-1096

renal cell carcinoma, metastatic, unusual presentation of, 20:1204-1206 (Clinical Note)

squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

advanced external auditory canal and middle ear SCC, treatment and outcome of, 20:816-821 (Clinical Note)

squamous cell, oral, effect of induction chemotherapy on changes of laminin and syndecan expression in, prospective, randomized, clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of (Scientific Study), 16:205-212

thyroid carcinoma, follicular, infratemporal metastasis from, 20:165-167 (Clinical Note)

T1 N0 M0 HNBCC, evaluation of clinical prognostic factors in, 20:98-100

of uterine cervix, metastasis of, to nasal dorsum, 20:971-973 (Brief Clinical Note)

branchial cyst carcinoma revisited, stem cells, dormancy and malignant transformation (Clinical Study), 22:918-921

mucoepidermoid, on upper lip vermilion (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:445-448

papillary follicular variant, in submandibular ectopic thyroid, 23:138

See Cancer

odontogenic, clear cell, genetic profile of (Scientific Foundations), 14:356-362

See specific types

Carcinomas. See specifictypes

Cardiac arrest complicating craniofacial surgery, 8:344

Cardiopulmonary bypass, vascular malformation-associated, management, flow evolution, 24:120

Cardiopulmonary changes, caused by adenoid hypertrophy, 22:1401-1403

Care

indicators, performance, efficiency and quality of (Editorial), 17:823-824

quality of benchmarks for assessment of, influence on outcome (Literature Scans), 18:1504

using bisphosphonates in dental surgical practice (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1966-1970

Caries Management By Risk Assessment, 25:e529

Carotid artery

anatomy of the palpebral branch of the infraorbital artery relating to midface lift (Anatomical Study), 22:1489-1490

aneurysm, presenting as tonsillar asymmetry, 23:1565

anterior superior alveolar artery and horizontal maxillary osteotomy (Anatomical Study), 22:1819-1821

atheroma, lateral radiograph detection, 25:1579

cavernous internal, aneurysm, radiation-induced, 25:e380

cervical, aberrations of, 25:449

connections between, in sellar compartment, 6:61-62

delayed pseudoaneurysm, complication after endoscopic sinus surgery, 23:1822

digital compression of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130-1131

ectopic bifurcation, carotid body paraganglioma from, presenting as oropharyngeal mass, 25:e94

endarterectomy and stenting, comparison, for artheoscleotic carotid stenosis, 25:1441

internal

cavernous segment of

classification of, 24:1418

relationship to sella region structures, 24:622

in endonasal transsphenoidal surgery, 23:1866

mycotic aneurysm of, 24:e377

in operative plan of endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery, 23:909

tortuosity, intending the oropharynx (Correspondence), 21:2033-2034

pseudoaneurysm, epistaxis with (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1304-1305

internal, salpingopharyngeus myomucosal flap for, 25:1967

pseudoaneurysm, blunt trauma-induced, 25:e312

Carotid body paraganglioma, coil embolization and surgical removal of, 24:e242

Carotid body tumor

from ectopic carotid bifurcation, presenting as oropharyngeal mass, 25:e94

resection, ischemic optic neuropathy after, 25:e58

Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF), 6:55, 6:56, 6:57-60

traumatic: pathophysiology and treatment (Anatomical Studies), 14:240-246

posttraumatic (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1130-1131

after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (Brief Clinical Note) 20:556-558

proptosis, congestion, and secondary glaucoma, embolization (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1963-1965

Carotid cavernous sinus fistual, for coil embolization, aesthetic approach to, 23:e238

Carotid sheath-like foreign body, in neck (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1296-1298

Carpenter syndrome, 20:254-256 (Brief Clinical Note) 8:279, 8:282

with craniosynostosis, 20:646-651

frontofacial osteotomies with distraction osteogenesis for (Technical Strategy), 8:308-317

Carpenter syndrome, surgical management of, 25:1653

Cartilage

abrading, correction of Stahl's ear with, 23:901

autografts, nail xenografts and, in eyelid reconstruction, comparative analysis of, 23:1028

burned ear reconstruction (Clinical Study), 21:1165-1169

cavum concha, in correction of cryptotia, 23:1832

congenital cervical rest, transection of, 23:611

costal, solvent dehydrated, evaluation of, in rabbit model (Scientific Studies), 16:89-94

diced graft, and rib bone segment, correction of enophthalmos with, 23:1917

diced, cartilage wrapped with temporal fascia after nasal prosthesis removal, 25:535

formation, in vivo by fibrin glue and chondrogenic-differentiated MSCs derived from human adipose mesenchymal stem cells, 21:468-472 (Scientific Foundation)

grafts

costochondral, saddle nose deformity treatment with, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1179-1182

costal, congenital defect of nasal cartilaginous septal and vomeral bone reconstructed with (Surgical Strategies), 16:819-822

fascia graft and, comparison in tympanoplasty, audiological outcome, 23:e605

lyophilized, sterilization methods for, experimental model, 24:1436

for one-step reconstruction of alar defects, 24:2053

and silicone implants combined for augmentation rhinoplasty, 24:494

in various forms, viability of, erratum, 24:530

fractured orbital wall reconstruction with an auricular cartilage graft or absorbable polyacid copolymer, 22:1256-1259

in various forms, 22:1666-1670

perichondrial and periosteal, as regenerators of new tissue (Scientific Studies), 17:1137-1143

carbon dioxide laser and, in rabbit model (Scientific Foundation), 6:147-150

interpositional, to improve vertical facial elongation, 21:1666-1669

laryngeal tumors, (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1184-1186

lower lateral, cartilage defects in, reconstruction with dorsal hump material, 25:e411

lower lateral, replacement with rainbow graft, 24:1882

mechanical analysis of resorbable plates, 22:543-545

nasal septum, model of, from swine scapular cartilage, 23:1222

primary support in nasal reconstruction, modified turn in flaps for, outcomes, 24:454

septal and vomeral bone, nasal, reconstructed with costal cartilaginous graft (Surgical Strategies), 16:819-822

septum, collagen microarchitecture in, 24:689

sparing technique, percutaneous adjustable otoplasty vs., for prominent ear deformity, 25:752

supporting strength of septal extension grafts (Scientific Foundation), 22:2323-2326

tissue, and adipose tissue-derived stem cells, comparison of chrondrocytes from, 24:830

tissue-engineered, biochemical properties, 25:111

tragal, for type 1 tympanoplasty, evaluation of, 23:e280

vascularized costal, transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous and, in cranial reconstruction in cranial reconstruction, 23:1687

viability, cartilage grafts, in various forms, 22:1666-1670

wings, lower lateral, for nasal tip rotation/projection and supratip deformity correction, 25:983

Cartographic mapping of skull from computed tomography scans (Scientific Foundation), 5:188-194

Cascade, sonic hedgehog signaling, gene expression changes of, in mouse embryonic model of fetal alcohol syndrome (Scientific Foundations), 16:1055-1063

Castleman disease, parotid, etiological mechanisms, 25:1930

Castleman disease, rare location in temporal region, 20:830-832 (Clinical Note)

Casualties and trauma solutions at 3 miles high, 21:379 (Editorial Note)

Catheter, knotted urethral, in child with trigonocephaly (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:497

Cattleman disease, cervical, preoperative embolization for, 23:e257

Caudal septal dislocation, suture technique for, 25:2169

Cautery, scalpel vs. for craniosynostoses incision, 25:1256

Cavalieri method, hippocampus experimental design, volume prediction with, 25:1501

Cavalieri principle

on CT, for unbiased estimation of eyeball volume, 20:233-237 (Anatomic Study)

using MRI for assessing lateral pterygoid muscle volume, 20:1364-1366

Cavernous hemangioma

neuronavigation-guided endoscopic endonasal excision of an intraorbital intraconal cavernous hemangioma (Technical Strategy), 22:1802-1805

of accessory parotid gland (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1493-1496

pin zygomatic bone, 23:607

posttraumatic, in skull, 25:e48

teratomas of sphenoid sinus differentiated from, 2:141

venous angioma and, in orbit, 25:e356

with large phlebolith, in parotid gland, 24:e621

Cavernous lymphangioma, surgical removal of, 11:42-45

Cavernous segment, internal carotid artery, classification of, 24:1418

Cavernous sinus

large clival giant cell tumor in, endoscopic endonasal treatment, 25:446

syndrome, B cell lymphoma in paranasal sinuses, presenting as, 25:e338

tumors, resection using endoscopic endonasal approach, 25:296

Cavernous sinus, 6:55-67

malignancies of, 6:15-23

foreign body in, retained (Clinical Note), 12:82-86

Cavum concha 23:57

cartilage, in correction of cryptotia, 23:1832

characterization of, 23:57

CBC. See Complete blood count

CBCT. See Cone beam computed tomography

CCOT. See Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor

CD271 significance, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs), 21:666-677

CDO. See Controlled depth osteotomy (CDO)

Celecoxib, preemptive analgesic effect of, traditional NSAIDs vs., 23:526

Cell cycle, effects of irradiation on growth and differentiation-related gene expression in osteoblasts, 22:1635-1639

Cell delivery in osseous repair, 4:128

Cell differentiation, and bone formation, rhBMP-4-stimulated, within expanding calvarial suture, 20:1561-1565 (Scientific Foundation)

Cell incorporation, into craniosynostosis therapies, regression modeling for, 24:226

Cell proliferation

differentiation, and protein expression in osteoprecursor cells, effects of doxycycline, minocycline, and tetracycline (Scientific Foundation), 22:1839-1842

effects of irradiation on growth and differentiation-related gene expression in osteoblasts, 22:1635-1639

Cell saver system, for craniosynostic correction with dual therapy, blood conservation during, 19:101-105

Cell therapy, BROJ for, 24:e226

Cell transplantation, human deciduous teeth dental pulp cells with basic fibroblast growth factor, 22:438-442

Cell-based cytokine therapy, for skin rejuvenation (Scientific Foundations), 21:1861-1866

Cellular immune system in craniofacial malformation syndromes, 1:88

Cellular phone, infraorbital nerve disturbance with, after miniplate osteosynthesis (Clinical Note), 12:475-478

Cellulites, idiopathic orbital myositis (IOM) mimicking (Brief Clinical Study), 21:932-934

Cellulitis, orbital, induction of odontogenic infection in pediatric patient, 24:e526

Cellulitis, orbital, recurrent extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma mimicking, 25:509

Cellulose, oxidized regenerated, demineralized bone matrix fenestrated with, for cranial defect repair, 5:172-177

Cement

Brushite cement, BMP-2 injected on, for osteoinduction, 23:594

calcium phosphate, in orbital reconstructions, 23:145

paste, calcium phosphate, use of, for correction of depressed nose deformity (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:327-331

retention, influence of implant angulation, 22:434-436

hydroxyapatite. See Hydroxyapatite cement

Cementation, of prosthetic restorations, from conventional cementation to dental bonding concept (Clinical Study), 22:952-958

Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF)

psammomatoid juvenile, of maxilla, 20:1190-1192 (Clinical Note)

of ethmoidal sinus in child presenting with isolated pain in nasal region (Clinical Notes), 15:215-217

Cementoblastoma, in a child (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1910-1913

Cementoma, presentation of, 1:143

Central compartment, neck, revision surgery for, approach and outcomes, 25:1797

Central giant cell granuloma

and ossifying fibroma appearing synchronously in mandible, 23:e645

of jaws

genetic profiling of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:399-406

21:383-385 (Clinical Study)

Central granular cell odontogenic tumor, in maxilla, 23:e117

Central gyrus, meningioma, microsurgical treatment for, 25:1773

Central lip flap and nasal mucosal rotation advancement, important aspects of composite correction of bilateral cleft lip nose deformity and (Surgical Strategies), 16:255-261

Central nervous system

imaging in Crouzon’s syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:401-404

role in chondroid syringoma, 23:514

Central osteoma, root resorption in association with, 21:419-421 (Clinical Study)

Cephalhematoma, ossified, diagnosis and treatment of, 23:e505

Cephalhematomic tracing technique, hand drawn, for orthognathic surgery planning, evaluation of, 24:e320

Cephalic index (CI)

for assessment of craniofacial surgery, 21:352-356

classification and pathogenic models of unintentional postural cranial deformities in infants, 22:33-40

current concepts in deformational plagiocephaly, 22:6-7

of Japanese children, normal brain development, 21:1434-1437

treatment with combined vertex craniectomy and bilateral microbarrel staving, 22:42-45

in evaluating early osteotomies for scaphocephaly, 7:96-101

in isolated bilateral coronal synostosis model, comparison of surgical techniques, 23:878

Cephalic molding at delivery, cranial vault deformity from (Clinical Report), 10:226-229

Cephalic resection, lateral crus in endonasal rhinoplasty, modification of, 23:1440

Cephalocele, parietal, cranioplasty in, 3-D CT venography guide for, 25:225

Cephaloceles

classification of, 4:192-194

frontoethmoidal, transcranial and transfacial, surgical treatment of, 4:203-209

management of, 4:192-202

pathology of, 4:195-196

diagnosis and management of (Clinical Study), 21:1581-1582

Cephalogram tracing. See Cephalometry

Cephalograms, lateral, linear measurements from CBCT, evaluation with digital radiography, 25:1710

Cephalohematoma

calcified

and scaphocephaly, surgical treatment for, 20:410-413 (Clinical Note)

classifications, indications for surgery and techniques (Technical Strategies), 17:970-979

deformational plagiocephaly: a look into the future (Special Editorial), 22:3-5

spontaneously infected (Clinical Note), 11:371-375

Cephalohematoma, calcified, endoscopic-assisted treatment of, 25:2127

Cephalometric analysis

asymmetric facial malformations, evaluation of two reference planes used for study of, 20:41-45

BaS analysis: new model in follow-up of patients with craniostenosis who underwent craniofacial advancement surgery after 1 year from the end of the distraction protocol, 20:895-898 (Technical Experience)

of mandibular angle ostectomy for Chinese women, 20:105-110

of nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, 20:203-208 (Anatomic Study)

dentofacial deformities treated according to a dentoskeletal analysis (Clinical Study), 22:147-150

longitudinal, after maxillary distraction osteogenesis (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:683-687

longitudinal, after maxillary DO (Discussion), 19:1190

Cephalometric measurements, and anthropometric measurements, relation between, and proportions of face of healthy young white adult men and women (Scientific Foundations), 14:154-161

(Discussion), 14:162-163

Cephalometric study, 3-D, of upper airway space in skeletal class II and III healthy patients, 19:1497-1507

Cephalometrics

in Apert’s syndrome analysis, 7:23-30

backlighted digitizer in, reliability and validity of, 8:222-227

in evaluation coronal suture response to direct current stimulation, 8:360-365

the mandibular body and ramus (Anatomical Study), 22:302-305

in measurement of adult face, anthropometric measurements compared with, 10:18-26

in posterior airway space study(Clinical Note), 10:252-258

Procrustes-based morphometric analysis and, 9:348-358

commentary on, 9:359

soft-tissue characteristics of operated unilateral complete cleft lip and palate patients in mixed dentition, 22:1275-1279

assessment of craniofacial morphology in Treacher Collins syndrome, 24:1141

and cone-beam, augmented corticotomy-assisted presurgical orthodontics study, 24:1882

three-dimensional

facial soft/hard tissue correlation, noninvasive computerized scanning method for, 24:797

identification and orientation of skull, after cone-beam CT scan, 24:308

anatomic cartesian 3-D reference system (Scientific Foundation), 17:314-325

and intracranial capacity, relationship between (Scientific Foundation), 17:326-330

children with UCLP, early one-stage repair of, 20:1723-1728

evaluation of bilateral complete CLP in individuals aged 5-18 years, 20:1672-1682

roentgenography and plaster casts of maxillary (Experimental Study), 17:70-73

(Scientific Foundations), 18:811-817

analysis of, modified lateral, reliability and validity of, for evaluation of craniofacial morphology and growth in patients with clefts (Scientific Foundations), 15:399-412

(Discussion) 15:413-414

glossary (Special Article), 19:705-712

in evaluating outcome of modified pi-plasty for sagittal synostosis (Clinical Note), 12:218-224

(Discussion), 12:225-226

Ceramics

bone substitution materials in bone regeneration in minipig, 12:59-68

implant, calcium phosphate, for cranial bone defects repair (discussion), 19:675-677

in craniofacial reconstruction, 23:239

Cerebellar artery, distal posterior inferior, management of, 23:1388

Cerebellar ectopia, and chiari 1 malformation, association with sensorineural hearing loss, 24:1153

Cerebellopontine angle, cholesteatoma, trigeminal neuralgia presenting as, 25:1540

Cerebellum

experimental design, volume of, 25:1492

fissures, approach for microvascular decompression of trigeminal nerve, 25:1438

Cerebral abscess, by mycotic and bacterial infection in diabetes (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:578-583

Cerebral angiography, proptosis congestion, and secondary glaucoma due to carotid-cavernous fistula after embolization (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1963-1965

Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), radiosurgery for (Literature Scans), 18:989

Cerebral artery infarction, malignant, without traumatic brain injury, comparison of routine and improved decompression craniotomy, 24:2085

Cerebral aspergillosis, in schizophrenic patient (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1291-1294

Cerebral blood flow (CBF), pediatric patients with craniosynostosis (Anatomical Study), 22:285-288

Cerebral cortex, after hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, microarray detection of microRNA expression in, 24:2147

Cerebral falx incision, endoscopy-assisted, in dissymmetric bilateral frontal contusion treatment, 23:1819

Cerebral glucose metabolism

single-suture craniosynostosis and, 10:38-42

Cerebral hemodynamics of craniostenosis, preoperative and postoperative transcranial doppler sonographic evaluations of, 21:432-434 (Clinical Study)

Cerebral herniation from lumbar cerebrospinal fluid drainage, 3:147

Cerebral infarction

hyaluronic acid gel-induced, 25:684

Moyamoya disease with, characterization of, 25:e358

Cerebral injury, complications of Le Fort III midfacial osteotomies and distraction (Clinical Study), 22:182-186

Cerebral ischemia, hypoperfusion postconditioning, neuroprotection of, 25:e392

Cerebral palsy, drooling in, quadruple salivary duct diversion for, 23:738

Cerebral parenchyma, chondromatosis in, without meningeal attachment, 23:1910

Cerebral perfusion, defects in, secondary to simple craniosynostosis, 7:177-185

Cerebrospinal fluid

leakage

experimental design, bis-GMA osteointegration in, 25:1524

iatrogenic oculorrhea, 25:469

salpingopharyngeus myomucosal flap for, 25:1967

rhinorrhea

four years after GKS for juvenile angiofibroma, 25:e565

spontaneous postoperative, septal cartilage plug for, 25:1408

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

fistula (CSFF)

traumatic nasoethmoidal, experimental model of (Scientific Foundation), 19:441-445

persistent cranial, treatment of, acellular dermal matrix as sandwich for, 24:1314

rhinorrhea

after a spinal anesthesia (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1539-1542

endoscopic endonasal management of, 23:1087

in frontal sinus, percutaneous injection of fibrin glue for, 24:1646

complications of Le Fort III midfacial osteotomies and distraction (Clinical Study), 22:182-186

sphenoidal: an original surgical approach (Surgical Strategies), 15:458-463

pediatric patients with craniosynostosis (Anatomical Study), 22:285-288

treatment outcomes of endoscopic repairs of sinonasal cerebrospinal fluid leaks, 22:1266-1270

cyst, posttraumatic, of the orbit (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:189-191

drainage of, lumbar, neurological deterioration after, 3:145-148

leak of, complicating craniofacial surgery, 8:344

leakage, after craniofacial reconstruction (Clinical Note), 19:171-174

spaces filled with, fronto-orbital advancement in unilateral coronal craniosynostosis, 7:102-106

leak

after surgical interventions for facial pathologic lesions, 20:1625 (Correspondence)

duraplasty using autologous fascia lata for, 20:435-438 (Clinical Note)

in high-risk patients, treatment of, 20:743-747

reconstruction techniques in skull base surgery (Technical Strategy), 22:1015-1020

recalcitrant, in anterior cranial fossa, temporalis muscle flap for, 23:539

repair, endoscopic endonasal approaches for, 24:548

Cerebrum, human

Certebral artery stenosis, horner syndrome caused by, 24:2047

Certification (Editorial), 11:1

Cervical abscess, as complication of CO2 laser surgery (Clinical Study), 21:790-791

Cervical accessory auricula (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:713-715

Cervical carcinoma, uterine, metastasis of, to nasal dorsum, 20:971-973 (Brief Clinical Note)

Cervical carotid artery, aberrations of, 25:449

Cervical collar for anterior traction of face (Technical Strategy), 6:406-407

Cervical fascia, anatomy, emphasis in evaluation of emphysema cervicofacial after dental treatment, 23:e544

Cervical fistula by ectopic salivary gland (Clinical Note), 11:394-397

Cervical impalement injury (Brief Clinical Notes), 15:851-854

Cervical lateral cysts, transternocleidomastoid vertical muscle approach in the extirpation of the lateral cervical cysts (Technical Strategy), 22:276-277

Cervical masses, hibernoma as (Clinical Note), 12:284-286

Cervical osteophyte, large dysphagia and airway obstructions from, 25:1402

Cervical range of motion, classification and pathogenic models of unintentional postural cranial deformities in infants, 22:33-40

Cervical spinal fusion and mandibular duplication, management of patient with, 20:2118-2122 (Clinical Note)

Cervical spine

in Crouzon’s disease, 5:218-219

in Pfeiffer’s syndrome, 7:275-279

fractures associated with maxillofacial trauma (Original Article), 18:1259-1263

Cervical subcutaneous emphysema, after septorhinoplasty, 25:533

Cervical teratoma, congenital, successful treatment of, 20:1277-1280 (Brief Clinical Note)

Cervical tumor by ectopic salivary gland (Clinical Note), 11:394-397

Cervicofacial emphysema, after dental treatment, evaluation with emphasis on cervical fascia anatomy, 23:e544

Cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema, severe, associated with Munchausen’ s syndrome (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:661-663

Cervicotomies for head and neck tumor treatment, (Surgical Techniques), 18:1101-1107

Cerviofacial flap, in cheek reconstruction, 24:e372

Cervix

branchial cartilaginous remnant in, transection of, 23:611

lymphadenopathy

metastasis or tuberculosis lymphadenitis with papillary thyroid carcinoma, diagnostic challenge, 24:2200

nasopharyngeal tuberculosis presenting as, 23:e341

metachronous tumor and breast cancer orbita, metastasis to paranasal sinuses, 24:e64

necrotizing fasciitis

odontogenic origins of, 24:e594

cranial nerve paralysis in prognosis of, 23:1812

ostephytes, obstructive sleep apnea and, 23:e44

spine, in Treacher Collins syndrome, 23:e218

CGOT. See Central granular cell odontogenic tumor

Chainsaw, epidemiological, clinical, and forensic aspects of, 21:1029-1032

Champy Plate, removal rate for mandibular angle fractures, 24:163

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH), and NCF, role in delivery of cleft care in Developing Countries, 20:1657-1660

Chang, Tisheng, introduction of, 20:1636 (Special Editorial)

Changing failure into glory, times to remember, no regrets (Editorial), 14:817-818

Channel retractor, modified, for sagittal ramus osteotomy (Technical Strategy), 9:40-403

Cheek

augmentation, with Bio-Alcamid in facial lipoatrophy in HIV seropositive patients (Clinical Note), 19:1085-1088

buccal region, tri-cavernous hemangioma in, 25:678

defects in, one-stage reconstruction of (Clinical Note), 19:1508-1511

drooping, after rigid fixation with bioabsorbable mesh, 25:542

full-thickness defect, reconstruction with double-skin padded temporal padded flap, 24:e92

minor salivary glands of, extraparotid PA of, surgical treatment of, 20:1604-1606 (Brief Clinical Note)

mucosa tumor of, resection, stensen duct relocation after, 23:e250

reconstruction

after melanoma excision, 25:e98

with free ALT flaps, 25:e31

reconstruction

anterolateral thigh flap for (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1897-1898

cervicofacial flap in, 24:e372

full-thickness deficits, with free osseocutaneous radial forearm flap, 23:e357

simultaneously with eyelid, with combination of local flaps, 24:1796

by temporally extended V-Yflap, 24:e57

rotation and advancement flap of, in the treatment of rare craniofacial clefts (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1411-1415

stabilizing intraoral skin graft to, eye patch sandwich technique for (Technical Experience), 19:1641-1642

subcutaneous dermatofibroma, 25:e417

unilateral atrophy of, autologous fat injection as treatment of choice for, 20:423-425 (Clinical Note)

zone, complete mobilization of, for orbit exenteration (Surgical Strategies), 16:823-828

Cheiloplasty, primary

postoperative nasal complications of, 20:1327-1333

unilateral complete cleft lip and palate, effects of presurgical nasoalveolar molding, 23:1596

Cheiloseptoplasty, functional, Afroze incision for, 20:1733-1736

Chemosis, as symptom of CCF secondary to blunt trauma of FESS, 20:556-558 (Brief Clinical Note)

Chemotherapy

for cranial base malignancies, 6:69-70, 6:72, 6:74

for unresectable primary head and neck tumor, 12:438-443

implant therapy in irradiated patients, 22:443-445

induction, effect of, on changes of laminin and syndecan expression in oral squamous cell carcinomas, prospective, randomized, clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of (Scientific Study), 16:205-212

Chemotherapy, preoperative, with radiotherapy, pyriform sinus carcinoma, for laryngeal function preservation, 25:1975

Cherubism

complicated by neurofibromatosis type 1, multidisciplinary surgical management (Scientific Foundation), 22:2318-2322

familial, characterized by early onset and rapid development, diagnosis and treatment of, 20:116-120

clinical evidence and therapy (Clinical Note), 14:201-206 (Discussion), 14:207-208

Chewing, unilateral, volumetric assessment of lateral pterygoid muscle in, 20:1364-1366

Chiari 1 malformation, and cerebellar ectopia, association with sensorineural hearing loss, 24:1153

Chiari malformation in (Symposium), 9:597-598

in Crouzon’ s syndrome, 8:11-13

first stage brain decompression in cranial-orbital reconstruction for (Symposium), 9:592-594

frontofacial advancement with free flap in (Clinical Note), 2:33-37

midface deformity and, management of (Symposium), 9:594-597

monobloc and facial bipartition osteotomies for (Technical Strategy), 7:229-251

nonsyndromic, craniofacial surgery for, critical analysis of results of, 6:32-39

(Symposium), 9:592-600

treatment of midface deformity in (Symposium), 9:295-297

Chiari malformation in craniofacial dysostosis syndromes (Symposium), 9:597-598

Chiari type 1 malformation in an infant with type 2 Pfeiffer syndrome, providing evidence of acquired pathogenesis, 21:427-430 (Clinical Study)

Child total scalp avulsion, microsurgical replantation for, 20:81-84

Childhood, odontogenic tumors in (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1173-1176

Children See also Pediatric patient

macrostomia, congenital, in (Brief Clinical Note), 19:1409-1410

anterior ischemic optic neuropathy complicating cranial vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis in child (Clinical Notes), 16:559-562

bregmatic masses in, 7:204-206

bone healing in presence of implantable fixation devices in (Editorial), 19:1435-1437

burns in, hypertrophic scars and keloids after, prevention and management of, 19:989-1006

cleft lip and palate assessment in, by acoustic rhinometry, effects of orthopedic rapid maxillary expansion on, 21:306-310

cleft palate, characteristics of velopharyngeal structures in, 21:568:576 (Technical Strategy)

cleft nasal deformity in, secondary cleft rhinoplasty using resorbable plates for, assessment of, 20:1801-1805

complex cranio-orbital fractures in, immediate reconstruction of, 4:8-19. See also Cranio-orbital fractures, complex, in children, immediate reconstruction of

condition variables in, with craniofacial anomalies: a descriptive study (Clinical Notes), 15:151-156

condylar/mandible fractures in, stabilization with interdental fixation at paramedian palatal fixation site, 23:605

Discussion, 15:157

with craniofacial anomalies, parents of, psychological aspects of, 2:9-16. See also Psychological aspects of parents of children with craniofacial anomalies

facial injuries in, in Tehran, 4:21-27

oblique craniofacial fractures in, 1:4

older, stress in families of children with craniofacial anomalie s and, 2:15-16

young, squamous cell carcinoma of lip in, 7:60-63

with Apert, Crouzon, or Pfeiffer syndrome, prevalence of papilledema in, 19:121-127

with BCLP

longitudinal cephalometric study of, 20:1672-1682

repair with management of premaxilla without preoperative orthopedics, 20:1719-1722

with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, tongue reduction with CO2 laser in, 20:1202-1203 (Clinical Note)

with CLP, anthropometry of external ear (Anatomical Study), 19:1391-1395

with craniofacial anomalies, risk factors for visual-motor integration and intelligence in (Clinical Notes), 16:517-525

with craniosynostosis

intracranial volume in, 1:1

and craniofacial syndromes, referral for treatment of, 20:1647-1651

maternal reports of satisfaction with care and outcomes for, 20:138-142

Ewing sarcoma of mandible in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1140-1145

excessive reactive lymphoid hyperplasia in a child with persistent obstructive sleep apnea despite previous tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (Clinical Study), 22:1413-1415

with deformational plagiocephaly, incidence of otitis media in, 20:1407-1411 (Clinical Note)

diffuse AVM of upper extremity, pharmacological treatment of, 20:597-602

fingertip-nail bed injuries in, 20:1033-1035

foreign body in hard palate, long-term impaction of (Brief Clinical Note), 19:826-828

intraorbital epidermoid cyst, exophthalmos/strabismus with, 23:e93

in Iraq, orofacial tumors of, management of, 20:143-150

Langerhans cell histiocytosis in, oral manifestations of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:552-556

large calvarial defects in, 23:67

lower-extremity burn reconstruction in, 19:976-988

lymphatic malformation risks in, 23:149

management of giant congenital nevi with artificial skin substitutes in (Special Section: Giant Congenital Nevus), 16:904-907

mandible fractures, management of, 23:47

with nasal deformities

with BCLP, open approach with primary cheilorhinoplasty for, 20:1715-1718

with UCLP, open approach with primary cheilorhinoplasty for, 20:1711-1714

and newborns, autogenous rib grafts for restoration of mandibular continuity defects in (Clinical Notes), 17:255-260

with nonsyndromic OFC at preschool ages, QoL and family functioning in, 19:580-587

obstructive sleep apnea in, 23:387

with Pierre Robin sequence, facial development in, 3D assessment of, 20:2055-2060

pindborg tumor in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:365-368

plexiform neurofibroma of head and neck in, removal of (Clinical Experiences), 17:506-510

plight of (Literature Scan), 19:292-293

remodeling of a nontreated displaced parasymphyseal fracture of a child (Clinical Study), 22:1358-1360

retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscess in, conservative treatment of, 20:1178-1181 (Clinical Note)

school-aged

multiple-suture synostosis in, cranial expansion with distraction osteogenesis for, 20:457-460 (Clinical Note)

with orofacial clefts, and their families, QoL in, 20:2061-2066

speech-disordered, examination of lip area in, SEFs for, 19:1215-1220

with submucous cleft palate, speech in (Correspondence), 19:869

with syndromic craniosynostosis, sleep-disordered breathing in, adenotonsillectomy for, 20:1978-1980

TMJ ankylosis in, clinical study on (Clinical Note), 19:1263-1269

ten-year-old cleft, association between school performance, breast milk intake, and fatty acid profile of serum lipids in (Clinical Studies), 16:764-769

TMJ ankylosis: distraction osteogenesis for (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:605-610

with UCLP

early one-stage repair of, 20:1723-1728

interdisciplinary evaluation of, 20:1687-1698

tracheostomy dependent, with severe micognathia, DO for, 23:459

with UCLP, craniofacial morphology of (Anatomical Study), 19:1396-1401

undergoing craniofacial surgery, perioperative air-way and ventilatory management in, clinical outcome of (Clinical Notes), 15:655-661

undergoing elective cleft palate repair, effects of preoperative local ropivacaine infiltration on postoperative pain scores in, 20:1627-1628 (Correspondence)

undergone MTH for positional plagiocephaly, QOL and parental satisfaction in, 19:56-58

upper extremity in, vascular anomalies of, 20:1025-1029

with cleft, surgeries for (Clinical Notes), 18:1376-1379

mandibular condyle with costochondral grafts (CCGs) in, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1488-1491

mixed odontogenic tumors in (Clinical Notes), 18:1338-1342

piezosurgery to perform osteotomies in young, affected by hemifacial microsomia (Clinical Studies), 21:1813-1815

normal variations of head and face by using standard measurement and craniofacial variability index (Original Articles), 18:470-474

with velocardiofacial syndrome, 3D CT for craniofacial phenotypic analysis in, 20:2013-2019

Chilopalatognathus, midfacial deformity of, postoperative, DO with self-constructed tooth-borne distraction device, 25:1028

Chimpanzee septopremaxillary ligament resection and midfacial growth in, 1:182

Chin

advancement, soft tissue response after, genioplasty techniques for, 25:1383

alloplastic implant, infected, chin, Kirschner wire fixation with osseous feniplasty, in revision of, 23:e46

augmentation with bone graft from mandibular region (Clinical Note), 11:542

bone graft, for maxillary alveolar cleft, 25:1650

bone, secondary alveolar cleft grafts using (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864-868

defects, repair with musculomucosal flap from upper lip, 25:1855

deformities (Clinical Experiences), 18:887-894

deformities, genioplasty for, 25:e180

expanded polytetrafluoroethylense augmentation, severe bone resorption in, 24:1711

foreign body in, to simulate mandibular symphyseal fracture, 23:e91

heterotrophic ossification on a skin graft in a postburn scar (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2369-2372

huge arteriovenous malformation extending from lower lip to, surgical treatment following, combination of embolization, total resection, and double cross lip flap for (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:443-448

narrowing, mini V-line surgery for, 25:2180

onlay, simultaneous bone graft, using elongated coronoid for TMJ ankylosis, 25:e38

plate, with detachable C-tubehead, for osteotomy fixation and orthodontic anchorage, 24:e424

ptosis, after osseous genioplasties, extent of changes after, 24:e445

shapes, numerical survey of, 24:1657

China

CLP care in, views on, 20:1640-1641 (Special Editorial)

mental foramen (MF), in Chinese population, anatomic location based on soft- and hard-tissue landmarks, 20:2235-2237 (Anatomic Study)

pioneer of plastic and craniofacial surgery in: Prof. Tisheng Chang, introduction of, 20:1636 (Special Editorial)

Chitosan microsphere-encapsulated growth hormone, bone regenerative effect of, on bony consolidation in mandibular distraction osteogenesis in dog model (Scientific Foundations), 15:299-311

Discussion, 15:312-313

Chitosan scaffolds, for cartilage tissue engineering, superiority in terms of maintenance of structural integrity (Original Article), 18:1249-1258

Chitosan, effect of, pellet on bone formation in bone defect and (Scientific Study), 16:213-227

Chitosan-BMP-2 hydrogel infusion using internal distractor, for accelerated distraction osteogenesis, 20:2041-2048

Chitosan-coated calcium sulfate pellets, osteogenesis mechanism on restoration of segmental bone defects, 20:1445-1450 (Clinical Note)

Chitosan-coated pressed calcium sulfate pellets effcet, on bone formation in femoral condyle-contained bone defects, 21:188-195 (Scientific Foundation)

Chlorhexidine, camphoric p-monochlorophenol in delayed tooth replantation, 22:2097-2101

Chlorinated polyethylene, disinfectant procedures on, analysis, 25:e251

Choana, optimum height from the roof of the choana for seeking the sphenoid ostium (Anatomical Study), 22:1077-1079

Choanal atresia (CA), transnasal endoscopic repair of (Clinical Note), 19:1270-1274

Choanal polyp, originating from cribriform plate (Clinical study), 21:806-807

Choanal polyps, analysis of, 25:1082

Cholera toxin B (CTb), for evaluation of nerve regeneration (Experimental Study), 17:687-691

Cholesteatoma, cerebellopontine angle, trigeminal neuralgia presenting as, 25:1540

Cholesteatoma, pediatric, radiologic evaluation of ear anatomy in, 20:807-810

Chondro-osseous graft

for TMJ reconstruction, 20:2125-2135 (Clinical Note)

biological reconstruction of TMJ, clinical and experimental study, 24:792

ribs, for rhinoplasty, in Asian patients (Clinical Study), 21:1122-1125

Chondroblastoma, temporal bone, 24:1495

Chondrocalcinosis, 10:385-388

rare localization in TMJ (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1189-1192

Chondrocutaneous composite graft

for reconstruction of congenital nasal deformity, 20:573-575 (Brief Clinical Note)

applications in secondary cleft lip nose patients (Clinical Notes), 17:1065-1071

Chondrocutaneous flap

in external auditory canal reconstruction, 9:228-233

superior auricular artery, and helical advancement, for repair of constricted ear deformity, 23:728

Chondrocutaneous grafts, use of outsized composite chondrocutaneous grafts in conjunction with dermal turnover flaps for reconstruction of full-thickness alar defects, 22:864-867

Chondrocutaneous marginal ear flap, 20:862-863 (Technical Experience)

Chondrocyte viability, carbon dioxide laser and, in rabbit model (Scientific Foundation), 6:147-150

Chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH), pediatric (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:228-231

Chondrogenic activities of prefabricated periallografts, evaluation of (Original Articles), 16:1015-1022

Chondrogenic differentiation, growth factor directed, of porcine bone marrow-derived progenitor cells, evaluation of, 24:1026

Chondrogenic-differentiated human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, for in vivo cartilage formation, 21:468-472 (Scientific Foundation)

Chondroid chordoma, with skull base involvement, endonasal endoscopic approach for the resection (Clinical Study), 22:1720-1721

Chondroid hyperplasia, from callus of condylar neck fracture, TMJ ankylosis caused by, 20:240-242 (Brief Clinical Note)

Chondroid syringoma, malignant, central nervous system involvement in, case study, 23:514

Chondroinduction by demineralized bone, mechanisms of, 20:634-638

Chondroitinase, ABC, neurotropic factor and antibody delayed release microspheres, in promotion of functional recovery of spinal cord injury, 24:2153

Chondrolipoma of posterior tongue (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1982-1984

Chondroma, nasal tip, 24:e153

Chondromatosis

skeletal, nasal-cheek flap for (Clinical Note), 7:140-144

synovial, of temporomandibular joint, therapeutic planning in (Clinical Note), 7:352-357

See Synovial chondromatosis, TMJ

location in cerebral parenchyma without meningeal attachment, 23:1910

Chondromuscular flap, prelaminated, for functional reconstruction of trachea, 20:868-871 (Technical Experience)

discussion, 20:872

Chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) of zygoma, 3:217-222

Chondrosarcoma

of jaw, 20:2097-2100 (Clinical Note)

mandibular, angle, ramus, and condyle-associated, 23:1216

Chordoma

clival, transoral approach to, 3:35-36, 3:38

in paranasal sinuses, 20:1272-1275 (Brief Clinical Note)

Chordoma, extraosseus, skull base with intracranial invasion and, 25:e560

Choriocarcinoma in maxillofacial region in multiple tumor complex (Clinical Note), 12:464-468

Chorionic villus sampling (CVS), for prenatal diagnosis of hemangiomas, 20:675-677

Chorioretinopathy, centralserous, after blowout fracture repair, 23:1923

Choristoma, cartilaginous, low lip, 24:e192

Chromosome

22q11.2 deletion, velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with, superiorly based pharyngeal flap for, 24:501

translocations, in mandibular Ewing sarcoma, characterization of, 24:1469

Chrondrocytes, from adipose tissue-derived stem cells, comparison with cartilage tissue, 24:830

Chronic expanding hematoma

in temporal region (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:158-160

malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) (Brief Clinical Studies), 21:1298-1300

Chronic frontal sinusitis, upper eyelid fistula caused by (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:171-173

Chronic hematoma, cranial deformity (Clinical Study), 22:208-210

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, carcinoma and leukemia of the palate (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:348-350

Chronic middle ear disease

canal wall-down tympanoplasty with ossicular chain reconstruction for , postoperative outcome of, 21:407-410 (Clinical Study)

efficacy of octyl-2-cyanoacrylate in type I tympanoplasty (Technical Strategy), 22:1039-1041

Chronic otitis media, canal wall-down tympanoplasty with ossicular chain reconstruction in patients with, long-term hearing results and prognostic factors after, 21:407-410 (Clinical Study)

Chronic recurrent dislocation, temporomandibular joint, inappropriate treatments in (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:449-451

Chronic sinusitis

extranodal sinonasal NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as, 20:2095-2096 (Clinical Note)

firearms injury (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1519-1520

Chronic subdural hematoma, nontraumatic, anti-aggregation therapy-associated, spontaneous resolution of, 25:e363

Chronic suppurative otitis media, radiologic and surgical findings, 25:2027

Chronic venous disease (CVD), a new perspective for multiple sclerosis onset (Correspondence), 22:376

Chula technique, modified, for correcting frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele via coronal incision (Original Article), 17:353-357

Churg-strauss syndrome, differential diagnosis for EAF (Special Section: Vascular Anomalies), 17:812-814

Chylous fistula, intractable, management with application of impression paste, 24:e498

Cigarette smoking

extraction socket healing and, immunohistochemical study, 25:e397

nasal polyps and, histopathological characteristics, 25:946

oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma from, survival analysis, 25:934

Ciliated cysts, surgical, medial canthal region, management of, 25:701

Ciprofloxacin

effect on growth inhibition of Staphylococcus epidermidis (Scientific Foundations), 17:950-956

multifunctional bioabsorbable SR-PLGA+AB 80/20 tacks, pull-out strength of, 20:58-61

Circular saw, epidemiological, clinical, and forensic aspects of, 21:1029-1032

Cisplatin ototoxicity, lipo α-lipoic acid protective effect in, DPOAE evaluation of, 25:1515

Cisternography, CT or MR, for traumatic CSFF (Scientific Foundation), 19:441-445

Class III jaw deformities, on the pharyngeal airway space, impact of different surgery modalities, 22:1598-1601

Class III malocclusion treated with 2-jaw surgery, evaluation of surgical movement and postoperative orthodontic treatment, 21:332-337

Classic anthropometry, quantification of facial movements by surface laser scanning, 22:60-64

Classification

analysis of zygomatic fractures (Clinical Study), 22:1416-1421

combined skeletal and soft tissue reconstruction for severe Parry-Romberg syndrome (Clinical Study), 22:937-941

microvascular tissue transfer in cleft palate patients, advocacy of the prelaminated radial free forearm flap, 22:2006-2009

of digastric muscle (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:114-117

system and treatment of zygomatic arch fractures in clinical setting (Clinical Studies), 15:986-989

of hemifacial microsomia, assessment of, 2:114-126

Clavipectorial fascia, harvest, for duraplasty, cadaveric feasibility study of, 24:619

Clear cell carcinoma

ear helix, lymph node metastasis of, 25:e316

hyalinizing-type, in platelet lesion, 25:e235

Clear cell odontogenic carcinoma, genetic profile of (Scientific Foundations), 14:356-362

Cleft care

CLP management in China, current status of, 20:1637-1639

in Developing Countries, role of Noordhoff Craniofacial Foundation and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in delivery of, 20:1657-1660

in India, need for standardized treatment center for cleft and craniofacial anomalies, 20:1664-1667

Cleft cluster, correction of, 6:120-124

Cleft deformity, transverse maxillary hypoplasia with or without, rapid palatal expansion for treatment of, 20:733-736

Cleft earlobe, traumatic, repair with double triangular flap from epithelialized cleft margin skin, 25:976

Cleft fistula, bilateral second branchailt, opening to skin with multiple orifices, 24:1496

Cleft gap, assessment of presurgical nasoalveolar molding in cleft lip and palate cheiloplasty, 23:1596

Cleft grafts, secondary alveolar, using iliac bone or chin bone (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:864-868

Cleft jaw deformity, maxillary Le Fort I halo distraction, and madibular set back for (Technical Strategies), 17:962-969

Cleft lip

repair

multidisciplinary cleft clinic, 22:532-535

oral mucosa after, for secondary correction of vermilion deformities (Technical Strategy), 19:1370-1373

Microform (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1106-1109

primary repair of the alveolar cleft (Technical Strategy), 22:2224-222

in amniotic band disruption, 9:360-365

alveolar defect of maxilla in, composite bone graft for, 2:27-32

bilateral

repair of, process-oriented (Clinical Note), 11:137-167

sliding sulcus technique for (Clinical Note), 11:137-167

primary, and nose repair, Dallas surgical protocol for

one-stage, 20:1913-1926

two-stage, 20:1927-1933

reconstruction of (Clinical Notes), 17:833-836

in blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392-394

(Clinical Note), 4:148-152

changing trends taught in training programs in Korea, 22:430-433

comprehensive evaluation of three-dimensional philtral morphology, 22:1606-1610

correction, functional outcome and aesthetic results of, 21:390-395 (Clinical Study)

due to maxillary hypoplasia (Technical Strategies), 17:992-997

fetal diagnosis of: natural history and outcomes, 19:1195-1198

genetics of syndromic and nonsyndromic CL/P, 22:1722-1724

long-term treatment outcome in patients (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:333-336

maxillary distraction 10:117-121

osteogenesis for, 8:181-186

velopharyngeal changes after, 10:312-320

commentary on, 10:321-322

(Clinical Note), 11:120-127

(Scientific Foundation), 11:312-317

maxillary hypoplasia in, early skeletal interventions for (Symposium), 9:297-298

median

fissure of (Clinical Note), 6:390-391

with frenulum labii superior, consideration of, 20:1370-1374

with midline sinuses (Clinical Note), 9:366-370

minimal, process-oriented management of (Clinical Note), 11:270-294

morphology of, 11:76-82

(Discussion of), 11:405

multidisciplinary cleft clinic, 22:532-535

nasal deformity, primary nasoplasty for, complications of, 20:1327-1333

a new syndrome, 22:118-120

nose deformity, applications of chondrocutaneous composite grafts in (Clinical Notes), 17:1065-1071

and palette See cleft lip and palette

unilateral

nasal deformity with, surgical correction of, 9:20-28

primary alveolar cleft bone grafting in, 10:58-72

arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:58-67

craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:68-72

influence of alveolar-bone grafting on nasal profile in (Technical Strategies), 21:1904-1907

repair of, using lip adhesion and passive alveolar molding appliance (Clinical Note), 12:148-156 unilateral nasal deformity in, sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical Note), 10:346-364

and nose repair, closed approach using Dallas protocol, 20:1939-1955

microform, repair of, modified design of cupid’s bow in, 20:1367-1369

orbicularis oris muscle arrangement in, 11:232-235

vertical excess of premaxilla in, 21:499-502 (Technical Experience)

in Williams’ syndrome (Clinical Note), 12:145-147

Cleft lip and nose

augmentation by autologous adipose tissue in, final esthetic touches in clefts: part I (Technical Strategies), 15:478-481

Discussion, 15:482

deformity, positioning the caudal septum during primary repair of unilateral cleft lip, 22:1219-1224

deformity, treatment of (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:69-76

Discussion, 15:76-77

(Surgical Strategies), 16:95-99

deformity, bilateral, composite correction of, central lip flap and nasal mucosal rotation advancement and (Surgical Strategies), 16:255-61

deformity, posterior dome graft technique for (Technical Strategy), 19:1359-1363

bolster implementation of custom-made plaster in the reconstruction (Correspondence), 22:1983

Cleft lip and palate See also Submucous cleft palate

unilateral (UCLP)

primary alveolar cleft bone grafting in, 10:58-72

arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:58-67

craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:68-72

sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical Note), 10:415-429

complete, primary cheiloplasty, effects of presurgical nasoalveolar molding, 23:1596

Frontonasal and fibrous dysplasia in patient with, 24:422

nasal deformity, correction using conchal cartilage lily flower graft, 23:1770

nasolabila positions in, four-dimensional changes in, 24:473

and bilateral, presurgical nasoalveolar remodeling technique for, long-term results after using, 20:670-674

TAN repair of (Technical Strategies), 18:186-197

early one-stage repair of, 20:1723-1728

internal nasal dimensions and speech resonance of individuals with, effect of rhinoseptoplasty on, 20:308-314

maxillary complex in, characterization using CBCT, 20:1699-1710

nasolabial appearance rating in, reference photographs for, 20:1683-1686

one-stage repair of, primary alveolar bone grafting and gingivoperiosteoplasty or gingivomucoperiosteal flap for, 20:1729-1732

orofacial orthopedic treatment of, PNAM in, 20:1889-1894

patients with, effect of PNAM therapy on nasal and alveolar tissues in, 20:2075-2080

primary rhinoplasty for repair of, 20:1711-1714

children with, craniofacial morphology of (Anatomical Study), 19:1396-1401

unrepaired unilateral, sagittal maxillary growth pattern in, 23:491

assessment in children by acoustic rhinometry, effects of orthopedic rapid maxillary expansion on, 21:306-310

alveolar

repair, revision surgery after, 23:378

bone graft in patients with, effect of timing, 23:1283

deformities in, alveolar bands in patients with, 24:e153

repair, revision surgery after, 23:378

patients, maxillary sinus volume in, evaluation with 3-dimensional CT, 24:e23

ankyloblepharon-ectodermaldefect in, treatment with acellular dermal matrix, 24:e28

anterior maxilla augmentation, vomer bone graft for, 20:1882-1885

asymmetric bilateral, classification and surgical technique, 23:1367

bilateral (BCLP)

in individuals aged 5-18 years, longitudinal cephalometric study of, 20:1672-1682

primary, repair with management of premaxilla without preoperative orthopedics, 20:1719-1722

primary rhinoplasty for repair of, 20:1715-1718

(Original Articles), 18:749

associated with agenesis of hand and distal

forearm (Clinical Note), 6:499

nasal growth in, 7:290-296

“J-hook headgear” for repositioning of premaxilla in (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1198-1207

limb deformities and (Clinical Note), 11:388-393

gingivoperiosteoplasty and presurgical orthopedics, with protraction head gear for patients, maxillary growth after, 24:1679

reduction of need, presurgical nasoalveolar molding and primary gingivoperiosteoplasty for, 24:186

secondary correction with extended Abbe flap, 24:75

bloodless surgery, use of vascular clamp in, 23:1582

boy with repaired right unilateral complete CLP, 20:584 (Editorial Note)

broad bilateral complete, primary repair with hard palate rotation flap, 24:809

congenital midline, management of, 23:e36

care in China, views on, 20:1640-1641 (Special Editorial)

corrective surgery for (Clinical Notes), 17:854-863

children with, anthropometry of external ear (Anatomical Study), 19:1391-1395

congenital midline, management of, 23:e36

craniofacial center establishment in developing countries, scarcity of trained personnel in, 20:1655-1656

current status, 20:1383-1387

closure in 13 month-old female with epidermolysis bullosa (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:843-846

craniofacial skeleton with, maxillary protraction after alveolar bone graft, biomechanical effects of, 24:446

dental anomalies, prevalence in patients with, 24:1695

epignathus teratoma in, duplication in cranial base, tongue, mandible and pituitary gland, clinical presentation of, 24:1486

early secondary alveoloplasty in (Technical Strategy), 19:1364-1369

facial development in children with, 24:313

and intraoral synechia coexistence, analysis of, 23:e194

Korean mothers of patients, psychological analysis of, 24:1515

maxillary

hypoplasia in, frequency of surgical correction for, 23:1665

reconstruction in, use of bone morphogenetic protein-2 for, 23:1627

rehabilitation with hybrid obturator prosthesis, 24:e517

midface, hypoplastic and displaced characterization, 24:89

Muenke syndrome with, description of, 24:1484

Mulliken method, journal articles on, plagiarism charge, 23:619

multidisciplinary survey of, 23:1002

nonfamilial, palm and fingerprint characteristics in patients and their parents, 24:769

and nose deformity

nasal air rim flap for, 23:1378

study in unilateral clefts, 23:1349

oral-facial, patients birth months

seasonal variation in, 24:e18

hyrax application as a tooth-borne distractor for maxillary advancement (Clinical Study), 22:1361-1366

ICPF cleft 2008, Dallas, sponsored by WCF, 20:1635 (Special Editorial)

International Cleft Lip and Palate Foundation, fifth Congress sponsored by WCF, 20:1632-1634 (Special Editorial)

isolation of epithelial cells in the developing primary lip and palate (Scientific Foundation), 22:1847-1850

lesser forms associated with branchio-oculo-facial syndrome, 20:608-611

long-term treatment outcome in patients (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:333-336

management in China, current status of, 20:1637-1639

maxillary advancement surgery with LeFort I osteotomy (MAL) treatment outcome for, (Orthognathic Surgery Continued), 18:1209-1214

nasoalveolar molding in, 20:2075-2080

nonorthodontic orthognathic surgery for, 20:1478-1483 (Clinical Note)

optimal treatment of, references for (Experimental Study), 18:391-398

outcome of SABG before and after eruption of canine in patients with (Clinical Notes), 18:1331-1337

repair

certification maintenance of, 23:406

sutureless skin closures in, 23:e40

repaired, functional reconstruction of philtral ridge and dimple in (Clinical Notes), 18:1343-1348

specialized centers for, 23:206

sternal, reconstruction with rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap, 23:169

submucosa, osteoinduction by injecting BMP-2 on different carriers, 23:594

submucous, repair with W-pushback and levator repositioning, 23:543

surgery in Ghana (Clinical Notes), 18:1376-1379

team care for patient with: UCSF protocols and outcomes,

technical strategies for primary palatoplasty (Technical Strategy), 19:1343-1347

repair of

certification maintenance of, 23:406

mild incomplete, 23:1131

outer-table calvarila bone grafts, application of computer techniques, 24:957

sutureless skin closures in, 23:e40

rotation-advancement principle in, modification of, 20:2215-2216 (Technical Strategy)

unilateral, oral lining in, important aspects of, 20:1578-1582 (Technical Strategy)

approaches to (Clinical Note), 11:562

immediate unrestricted feeding of infants following, 3:30-32

intrauterine, with microclip in lambs, 6:126-131

primary and revision, using octyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Surgical Strategies), 17:340-343

shallow upper buccal sulcus deformity secondary to, reconstruction of (Technical Strategies, Ideas, and Innovations), 12:490-494

seasonal and yearly trends in, Northeast Iran, 23:e456

secondary repair, correction of associated whistle deformity with lower vermilion cross-lip flap for, 24:1179

simple simulator for, 24:1056

specialized centers for, 23:206

sternal, reconstruction with rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap, 23:169

surgery-associated bacteremia, prevalence and bacteriology of, 24:1126

sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical Note), 10:415-429

recurrent palatal fistula in, free flap closure of (Clinical Note), 8:491-495, 8:496

repaired, preschoolers with, maternal discourse features used with, 2:190-192

sliding sulcus technique for, with alveolar extension palatoplasty, 10:503

surgery, irregular Z-plasty and dermal flap to avoid whistling deformity after (Clinical Studies), 21:1790-1794

treatment of, excellence in (Editorial), 12:2-5

telephone inquiries on, to craniofacial treatment teams, responses to (Correspondence), 5:143-145

treatment with folded vascularized calvarial bone, follow-up of, 24:e202

type II first brachial, anomaly in, 24:1832

unoperated isolated, maxillary and mandibular growth, alterations in patients with, 23:1078

unrepaired unilateral, sagittal maxillary growth pattern in, 23:491

velopharyngeal function

after primary palatoplasty, relevance of sex, age and cleft type, 24:923

perceptual speech versus nasopharyngoscopy assessment of, 24:1229

wide unilateral, upper lip margin in, mucosal flap on, 23:866

in jaw deformity (Technical Strategies), 17:962-969

maxillary advancement in, speech changes after commentary on, 9:183-184

(Scientific Foundation), 9:177-182

presurgical orthopedic correction and reconstruction with primary bone grafts/gingivoperiosteoplasty/without alveolar grafting procedures, assessment of (Clinical Notes), 17:468-473

natal teeth as potential impediment to nasoalveolar molding in infants with (Technical Experience), 16:262-266

palatogenesis, FGF signaling in, 23:397

patients

maxillary advancement with internal distraction device in (Technical Experience), 18:177-185

maxillary growth impairment in (Scientific Foundation), 19:1302-1307

maxillary hypoplasia in, DO for management of, 19:1119-1214

crown morphologic abnormalities in permanent dentition of, 20:465-470 (Scientific Foundation)

orthognathic surgical care of, 20:1895-1904

presentation and pattern of, and complications of repair, 20:1352-1355

presurgical and postsurgical orthodontics in, 20:1771-1775

secondary rhinoplasty in, aesthetics and nasal respiration after, anthropometric and functional study about, 20:1863-1875

patients with, TGF- expression in, and role in on set of disease (Original Article), 18:1276-1280

discussion on, 18:1281-1283

PSIO for, 23:210

PAX9 single-Nucleotide polymorphism association with, 23:1262

preoperative morphology in older cleft palate patients, comparison of postoperative closure versus insufficiency, 24:1720

prevalence during Iran-Iraq War, differences in, 24:826

primary repair, oronasal fistula formation after incidence of, 24:57

pharyngoplasty in, after maxillary advancement, 9:330-335

commentary on, 9:336-337

prenatal diagnosis of (Clinical Report), 9:190-195

international surgical exchange program for children with, in Manaus, Brazil: patient and family expectations of outcome (Clinical Notes), 15:170-174

Le Fort I in: 20 years’ experience (Clinical Notes), 15:662-669

nasalance measures in German-speaking cleft patients (Clinical Notes), 15:158-164

Discussion, 15:164

new internal Le Fort I distractor for treatment of (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:124-127

Cleft lip and palate, Seealso Craniofacial cleft

alveolar bone grafting, implications and limitation, 25:1650

anomalies, prevention program for, 25:e529

atypical, distraction osteogenesis for, 25:926

bifid tongue and, nasopharyngeal teratoma with, 25:e588

bilateral

alveolar bone grafting outcomes, 25:380

bone grafting, premaxilla stabilization in, 25:1554

upturned nasal tip in, costal cartilage graft for, 25:e443

bone graft in, prognosis, effect of cleft type and supernumerary teeth eruption, 25:e408

classification, assessment, 25:26

consecutive missions, patient education and, 25:1610

developing world surgery

local microeconomy and, 25:1622

longitudinal treatment, 25:1626

patient education and, 25:1610

patient follow-up in, 25:1640

safe and quality care, model for, 25:1674, 25:1680, 25:1685

Smile Train experience, 25:1601

tertiary care in, 25:1594

video education, 25:1619

facial soft tissue in, CT images, 25:476

hand, and, lipoblastoma on, genetic analysis of, 25:e189

hematological parameters, eosinophil counts, 25:103

humanitarian care, effects on local microeconomy, 25:1622

landmarks, 3D cephalometric analysis and CT-guided imaging, 25:1939

longitudinal treatment, care disparities in, 25:1626

maxillary expansion in, alternative approach, 25:e523

microform, philtrum, dynamic reconstruction of, 25:742

with midface hypoplasia, DO, rigid external distractor in, 25:746

nasolabial appearance, scoring system comparisons, 25:1222

nonsyndromic

bilateral, facial soft-tissue morphology, characterization, 25:315

maternal and familial impact of, 25:441

occult submucous, transillumination of, 25:2160

palatal fistula closure, with buccinator musculomucosal flap, after, 25:e197

palatoplasty relief incision, maxillary growth and, 25:772

paramedian, bilateral, micro-orbits and hypertelorims in, simultaneous correction of, 25:1864

patient follow-up, improving in developing regions, 25:1640

philtrum in, anatomy and construction techniques, 25:9

primary, complications in, analysis, 25:968

quality of life questionnaire, development and validation of, 25:1757

reconstruction, DO, genetic regulation and cytokine expression in, 25:2231

relief organizations experience, 25:1601

repair of

direct visualization for, 25:1583

early complications, multivariate statistical analysis of, 25:1614

fistula risk reduction, palatoplasty technique comparison, 25:1728

intraoperative high-dose epinephrine infiltration in, 25:140, 25:1934

marking for, 25:1122

speech improvement after, 25:343

sternal, reconstruction, with split calvarial bone graft, 25:e196

transantral maxillary distraction for, skeletal stability after, 25:689

unilateral

fetal, nasolabial muscle structure in, iodine staining for, 25:1056

incomplete, late cutaneous lip height in, 25–309

veau 1, rotation palatoplasty for, technical details of, 25:1862

Cleft lower lip, treatment of midline cleft of the mandible-A 2-stage approach (Clinical Study), 22:220-221

Cleft malformation, a novel technique for presurgical nasoalveolar molding, 22:142-145

Cleft maxilla

constricted, bone-borne palatal distraction for correction of, 20:733-736

deficient, vomer bone graft for augmentation of, 20:1882-1885

Cleft maxillary hypoplasia, rigid external distractor for, evaluation, 25:143

Cleft nasal deformity, bilateral, improved nasal tip projection in treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:834-839

Cleft nasal deformity, secondary cleft rhinoplasty using resorbable plates for, assessment of, 20:1801-1805

Cleft nose correction, functional outcome and aesthetic results of, 21:390-395 (Clinical Study)

Cleft nose. See Bifid nose

Cleft palate

anterior pillarplasty, modification in cleft palate repair (Technical Strategy), 22:1432-143

in blepharolabioanal syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:392-394

C57BL/6N, glucocorticoid-/ alcohol-induced, Tbx22 expressions during palatal development in fetuses with, 20:1316-1326

changing trends taught in training programs in Korea, 22:430-433

children, characteristics of velopharyngeal structures in, 21:568:576 (Technical Strategy), 21:578:587 (Technical Strategy)

and cleft lip closure in 13 month-old female with epidermolysis bullosa (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:843-846

cleft lip and see Cleft lip and palate

commentary on role of apoptosis in retinoic acid (Discussion), 22:1572-157

communication development and (Clinical Note), 11:66-70

controversies in the diagnosis and management of the robin sequence, 22:415-419

with difficult palatal fistulas, tongue flap for closure of (Technical Strategy), 4:109-111

distraction osteogenesis of: experimental model, 20:1583-1590 (Technical Strategy)

effect of rectal diclofenac and acetaminophen alone and in combination on postoperative pain after cleft palate repair in children (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1955-195

effect of unrestricted bottle-feeding feeding on early postoperative course after, 20:1886-1888

genetics of syndromic and nonsyndromic CL/P, 22:1722-1724

with encephalocele, surgical correction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:1004-1009

with implant-supported retention, obturator for (Clinical Study), 21:151-154

individuals born with, levator veli palatini muscle in coordination with surrounding structures in, mechanics of, 20:1739-174

long-term treatment outcome in patients (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:333-336

maxillary distraction in, 10:117-121

maxillary distraction osteogenesis for, 8:181-186

velopharyngeal changes after, 10:312-320

commentary on, 10:321-322

microdeletion 3q syndrome (Clinical Study), 22:2124-212

microvascular tissue transfer, advocacy of the prelaminated radial free forearm flap, 22:2006-200

midface deficiency in, Le Fort III osteotomy for, 5:295

(Correspondence), 6:256-257

with multiple facial clefts (Clinical Note), 4:148-152

nasal lining mobilization for primary and secondary palatoplasty (Technical Strategy), 22:2241-2243

nasometric and aerodynamic outcome analysis of pharyngeal flap surgery for the management of velopharyngeal insufficiency, 22:1647-1650

nonsyndromic patients with, palatoplasty outcomes in, 20:612-616

in Pfeiffer syndrome, 20:1375-137

Playtex Nurser modification for commentary on, 9:438-439 (Technical Strategy), 9:271-274

primary, unilateral, sliding sulcus procedure for (Clinical Note), 10:415-429

prosthetic treatments for patients with oronasal communication (Technical Strategy), 22:1445-1447

and related craniofacial anomalies, highlights from the 11th international congress (Special Editorial), 22:781

repair

infants and children undergoing, effects of preoperative local ropivacaine infiltration on postoperative pain scores in, 20:1627-1628 (Correspondence)

immediate unrestricted feeding of infants following, 3:30-32

tongue suture placement (Technical Strategies), 21:1601-1603

unilateral complete cleft palate using modified 2-flap palatoplasty, speech evaluation after, 20:111-114

reply 20:115 (Discussion)

repair using V-Y pushback method and anchoring oral mucoperiosteal flap onto bony ridge of cleft, 20:916-917 (Technical Experience)secondary, staged repair of, 6:375-381

role of apoptosis in retinoic acid, 22:1567-157

Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1917-1918

speech following treatment of (Editorial), 4:122-123

surgery for, use of adhesives in, new flap fixation technique and (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:719-722

telephone inquiries on, to craniofacial treatment teams, responses to (Correspondence), 5:143-145

thermal injury in submucous, perforation in, 21:280-281 (Brief Clinical Note)

unilateral, primary alveolar cleft bone grafting in, 10:58-72

arch dimensions at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:58-67

craniofacial form at age 8 in (Clinical Experience), 10:68-72

and velopharyngeal insufficiency, use of rotation flap in repair, 22:1203-1209

vertical excess of premaxilla in, 21:499-502 (Technical Experience)

vomopalatoplasty for reduction of velopharyngeal distance in repair of, 21:526-528 (Technical Strategy)

wide, reconstruction of, 12:561-563

(Discussion), 12:564

in Williams’ syndrome (Clinical Note), 12:145-147

zygomatic and maxillary implants, computer-assisted surgery (Technical Experience), 21:858-861

in infants and children, postoperative pain scores in, preoperative local ropivacaine infiltration on, 19:1221-1224

use of decellularized dermal grafting, in oro-nasal fistulas, after repair of (Clinical Notes), 17:636-641

defect, autogenous rib grafting in, maxillary growth and occlusal outcome after (Experimental Study), 17:68-79

Cleft palate repair, in infants and children, postoperative pain scores in, preoperative local ropivacaine infiltration on, 19:1221-1224

Cleft rhinoplasty, comparison of suture and graft techniques (Clinical Study), 22:2172-2175

Cleft sinus, median cleft lip with (Clinical Note), 9:366-370

Cleft surgery

crafts of, 20:1631 (Editorial)

solution to a complex position (Technical Strategies), 21:1611

Cleft syndrome, midline, with sphenoethmoidal encephalocele (Clinical Note), 2:38-41

Cleft versus final position of the nose, severity of, 21:1519-1524

Cleft(s)

patients with, evaluation of craniofacial morphology and growth in, reliability and validity of a modified lateral cephalometric analysis for (Scientific Foundations), 15:399-412

Discussion, 15:413-414

cranio-orbital, management of (Brief Clinical Note), 19:819-822

measuring progressive soft tissue change with nasoalveolar molding using a three-dimensional system, 22:1622-162

alveolar. See Alveolar cleft

for rhBMP-2 primary reconstruction, 20:1759

bilateral

unrepaired, transoral maxillary distraction osteogenesis of (Clinical Note), 10:369-374

(Clinical Notes), 18:857-858

mutilated, reconstruction of premaxilla as an option for, 20:1768-1770

nasal deformity and correction (Original Articles), 18:753

simultaneous pre-maxillary osteotomy and bone grafting in (Clinical Studies), 17:291-296

secondary, percutaneous iliac bone grafting of, 2:135-138

discussion, 20:1765, 20:1766-1767

association between school performance, breast milk intake, and fatty acid profile of serum lipids in ten-year-old children with (Clinical Studies), 16:764-769

congenital craniofacial, diagnosis and classification of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:198-201

craniofacial. See Craniofacial cleft(s)

and craniofacial surgery: innovations and contributions in motion, 20:583 (Special Editorial)

defects, alveolar, repair of (Clinical Experiences), 18:895-901

deformities

secondary, corrective surgery outcome in, anthropometric verification of (Clinical Notes), 17:447-453

facial See Face, cleft(s) of

oblique, associated with unicoronal synostosis (Clinical Note), 12:227-231

unilateral and bilateral, functional matrix facial, #7, reconstruction of, with distraction-assisted in situ osteogenesis (Original Articles), 16:1023-1032

in forefront of plastic surgery, 20:1-2 (Editorial)

maxillary alveolus, reconstruction of, barrier membranes, and guided tissue regeneration in (Technical Strategies), 17:1153-1160

median mandibular (Clinical Note), 5:333

orofacial

school-age children with, and their families, QoL in, 20:2061-2066

patients with maxillary hypoplasia, removable removable AIM distractor system for correction of, 20:1776-1786

repair of, 11:437-469

surgical repair of: a system of operations and maintenance programs, 20:1394-1397 (Special Editorial)

Tessier no. 2 (Clinical Note), 12:355-361

transverse facial cleft, mucosa z-plasty for correction of, 20:903-904 (Technical Experience)

Cleft(s) alveolar, management of (Original Article), 14:840-846

genetics, orofacial, recent developments in (Original Article), 14:130-143

lip bilateral, repair of: review, revisions, and reflections, 14:609-620

defect, modified nasal alveolar molding appliance, modified, for management of, 14:700-703

nasal deformity, secondary unilateral: functional and esthetic reconstruction (Clinical Note), 14:584-593

and palate, incidence of, in northeast of Mexico: 10-year study (Clinical Note), 14:533-537

and palate in adult patients, quantitative three-dimensional assessment of soft tissue facial asymmetry of (Clinical Notes), 14:739-746

lip-nose, unilateral repair of: 33-year experience (Clinical Note), 14:549-558

surgical treatment in: long-term follow-up using personal approach based on rose and spina techniques (Surgical Strategies), 14:797-799

lip/palate, in utero surgery for: minimizing “ripple effect” of scarring (Scientific Foundation), 14:504-511

palate and lip, incidence of, in northeast of Mexico: 10-year study (Clinical Note), 14:533-537

and lip in adult patients, quantitative three-dimensional assessment of soft tissue facial asymmetry of (Clinical Notes), 14:739-746

and toe malformations in child with fetal methotrexate exposure (Clinical Notes), 14:747-748

segmental unilateral transpalatal distraction in (Surgical Strategies), 14:786-790

Tessier number 4, early bone grafting in: case report (Surgical Strategies), 14:406-410

(Discussion), 14:411-412

Clefting in, trisomy 9p patients, 21:1376-1379

Clefts median, of upper lip: review and surgical management of minor manifestation (Clinical Notes), 14:749-755

Cleidocranial dysplasia

(Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1122-1125

depressed forehead in, correction with BoneSource, 20:564-566 (Brief Clinical Note)

facial deformities in, surgical correction of, 6:49-54

biology of, 24:130

Clinical management, of peripheral ameloblastoma (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1929-1932

Clinical practice, blame process in (Editorial), 18:1247-1248

Clinical report on zygomatic metastasis from breast cancer (Clinical Studies), 21:2012-2014

Clinical report, branchial cyst carcinoma revisited, stem cells, dormancy and malignant transformation (Clinical Study), 22:918-921

Clinically negative neck management, in maxillary cancer, 21:759-761

Clinicopathologic study on effect of induction chemotherapy on changes in laminin and syndecan expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (Scientific Study), 16:205-212

Clinicopathologic typing, self-audit in plastic surgery, 22:409-413

Clinodactyly in Crouzon’s disease, 5:221

Clinoid process, anterior, and surrounding structures, analysis of, 24:2098

Clivus

tumors of, transoral approach to, 3:35-38

Clonidine, oral, premedication, effects on bleeding during rhinoplasty, 25:1101

Close-range shotgun and rifle wounds to face, management of (Clinical Notes), 16:794-804

Closed reduction

and indirect skeletal fixation (CRISF)

multiple mandibular fractures, management of (Technical Experiences), 18:611

patients treated with (Technical Experiences), 18:607

for mandible angle fracture, 25:1139

for nasal fractures, evaluation of, 24:e36

for simple zygoma fractures, orbital volumetric outcomes, 25:1404

fractured anterior wall of frontal sinus using threaded K-wires, 23:e251

mandibular fractures, long-term outcome assessment of, 24:735

nasal fracture using an airway tube as a pivot (Technical Strategy), 22:1430-1431

of fractured anterior wall of frontal bone (Technical Strategies), 16:120-122

of laterally displaced fracture/dislocation of the mandibular condylar process in a child (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1504-1505

Closed wound, continuous high-pressure negative suction drain for, 25:1427

Closure technique, open rhinoplasty, new consideration of scar formation in, 20:1228-1230 (Technical Strategy)

Clothes peg device, maximal interincisor opening after TMJ surgery, 24:2224

Cloverleaf skull deformity, spring-mediated cranioplasty in patients with, 23:374

Cloverleaf skull malformations

Crouzon twins with, 2:56-62

with extreme orbitostenosis (Clinical Note), 8:75-77

etiologic heterogeneity and pathogenetic variability, 20:652-656

CLP. See Cleft lip and palate

Cluster analysis, of soft tissue profile typology, 20:1263-1268 (Technical Strategy)

CMMR. See Conjunctiva-Müller muscle resection

CO2 laser

resurfacing, for facial burn scars treatment, 21:1024-1028

for tongue reduction in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, 20:1202-1203 (Clinical Note)

Cocaine

oronasal fistula-associated, repair with forearm radial free flap, 24:1734

soft palate necrosis and velopharyngeal insufficiency resulting from intranasal inhalation of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1482-1486

Cochlea

anastomoses of, 23:1358

to facial nerve canal, measurement with thin-section CT, 24:614

function, effect of gastric reflux, 24:640

Cochlear implantation, is hearing preservation necessary in severe to profound hearing loss, 22:520-522

Cognitive function, recovery of, in long-term craniofacial surgery, hypotensive anesthesia and (Clinical Notes), 16:531-536

COH syndrome, as a condition with cloverleaf skull, 20:652-656

Coil embolization

for carotid cavernous sinus fistual, aesthetic approach to, 23:e238

and surgical removal of carotid body paraganglioma, 24:e242

Cold therapy, in maxillofacial surgery, 20:878-880 (Technical Experience)

Collage sponges, Bio-Oss, repair of experimental calvarial defects in rabbit model with (Scientific Foundation), 5:242-245

Collagen

allogenic type I, repair of critical size defect in rat mandible using, 12:573-579

gel, BMP-2 injected on, for osteoinduction, 23:594

I and X, in tissue-engineered cartilage, 25:111

implant, Helistat-activated, role of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 with (Original Articles), 16:1023-1032

matrix

for reduction of keratinized tissue during guided bone regeneration in postextraction sites, 23:e186

type 1 for bone healing, 24:e394

membrane for osseous wound coverage, 7:46-52

membranes and polydioxanone comparison, for orbital floor fractures reconstruction, 21:1066-1068

membranes, reconstruction of small orbital floor fractures with, 24:571

microarchitecture of septum cartilage, 24:689

objective tools to analyze the lower lateral cartilage in unilateral cleft lip nasal deformities (Technical Strategy), 22:1435-1439

patch, management of pharyngocutaneous fistula after hypopharyngeal reconstruction, 21:1674-1676

scaffolding patterns, in cranial sutures, CLSM for analysis of (Scientific Foundation), 19:198-203

scaffolds, implanted in palatal mucosa, 19:599-608

sheets, for dorsal augmentation, 25:1852

sponge, Helistat absorbable (Original Articles), 16:1033-1042

sponges, intraalveolar, systemic alendronate with, on postextractive bone resorption (Clinical Note), 19:1061-1066

type I, expression of, in developing coronal sutures (Eighth Conference of the ISCS), 12:399-400

type IV, vascular wall of head-facial hemangioma (Anatomical Study), 22:1052-1055

Collagen membrane

alveolar ridge preservation with, 25:1698

porcine, in keratinized tissue augmentation during implant rehabilitation, 25:799

Collet-Sicard syndrome (CSS), craniofacial gunshot injury resulting in, 20:568-571 (Brief Clinical Note)

Collision tumor, GH-secreting adenoma, endoscopic approach to, 25:1277

Coloboma, goldenhar syndrome with accessory auricula (Clinical Notes), 17:669-672

Color changes

effect of time passage on some physical properties of silicone maxillofacial elastomers, 22:1617-1620

effects of storage in simulated skin secretions on mechanical behavior and color of polydimethylsiloxanes elastomers, 22:830-836

optical properties of pigmented polydimethylsiloxane prosthetic elastomers, effect of ``outdoor’’ and ``indoor’’ accelerating aging, 22:1574-1578

Color distance maps, tooth movement in typodont, 25:e457

Color Doppler sonography, evaluation of the sonographic features of metastatic cervical lymph nodes in patients with head and neck malignancy (Clinical Study), 22:2179-2184

Color stability

of polymers, for facial prosthesis, 21:54-57

in soft denture reliners, 23:426

Colorado synostosis (Symposium), 9:582-583

Columella defect, reconstruction necessitated by (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:672-674

Columella in sliding sulcus technique for bilateral cleft (Clinical Note), 11:137-167

Columella reconstruction, congenital absent (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:60-63

Columella, transverse forked flap for 3-D reconstruction of (Surgical Strategies), 17:692-695

Columellar defects, congenital and acquired, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1500-1503

Combined sagittal-metopic synostosis (CSM), influence of metopic suture fusion associated with sagittal synostosis, 22:77-82

Commercially pure (cP) titanium, evaluation of metal concentrations in hair and nail after orthognathic surgery, 22:68-71

Comminuted fractures

panfacial, treatment of, 9:514-521

realignment of maxillary and mandibular arches in, 10:43-44

Comminuted mandibular fractures, repair using intraoral approach for osteosynthesis, 25:2033

Comminuted mandibular fractures, splint-assisted reduction of comminuted or complex maxillofacial fractures (Technical Strategy), 22:1471-1475

Commissuroplasty for Macrostomia (Technical Strategies), 18:691-694

Communication

advances in, JCS and (Editorial), 12:517-518

pollution of (Editorial), 12:103-104

of infraorbital nerve and facial nerve: anatomic and histologic study (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:88-91

Comparison, angular photogrammetric comparison, of the soft-tissue facial profile of Kenyans and Chinese (Anatomical Study), 22:1064-1072

Compartment syndrome, and pediatric infiltration injury, 20:1021-1024

Complete blood count, after facial fracture surgery, 23:e587

Complete excision, nonossifying fibroma secondary to aneurysmal bone cyst in the mandibular condyle (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1157-1158

Complete simultaneous facial analgesia (CSFA), lidocaine for, safe dosages of (Clinical Note), 5:124-126

Complete unilateral cleft lip and palate

alveolar cleft effects, 21:1503-1507

craniofacial morphology in, 21:1468-1473

Complex facial fractures

modern surgical treatment of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:727-731

splint-assisted reduction of comminuted or complex maxillofacial fractures (Technical Strategy), 22:1471-1475

Complex Orbital Fractures, late reconstruction using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technique (Technical Strategies), 18:665-673

Complex osteotomies, surgical correction of orbital and periorbital deformities using, in both orbital rim and wall (Technical Strategies), 16:144-149

Complication(s)

analysis of mandibular fractures, 22:1631-1634

of bicortical screw fixation observed in 482 mandibular sagittal osteotomies (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:64-68

clinical management of microstomia due to the static treatment of facial paralysis and oral rehabilitation with dental implants (Clinical Study), 22:967-969

condylar fracture osteosynthesis (Technical Strategy), 22:1448-1451

cranial reconstruction after decompressive craniectomy, prediction of complications using fuzzy logic, 22:1307-1311

delayed removal of a maxillary third molar accidentally displaced into the infratemporal fossa (Clinical Study), 22:1391-1393

intra-and perioperative, of Le Fort I osteotomy: prospective evaluation of 1000 patients (Outcome Studies), 15:971-977

Discussion, 15:978-979

life-threatening complication of recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring with EMG reinforced silicone ETT (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2419-2421

of mandibular distraction osteogenesis (Clinical Study), 21:1565-1570

minimal incisions for treating zygomatic complex fractures (Technical Strategy), 22:1460-1462

osteofascial compartment syndrome (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1100-1102

outcomes in pediatric facial fractures, early follow-up in 177 children and classification scheme, 22:1260-1265

polymethylmethacrylate bone cement in mandible, 21:1196-1198

removing intranasal splints after septal surgery (Technical Strategy), 22:1008-1009

unusual complication of otitis media with effusion, facial nerve paralysis (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1525-1527

weapon injuries to craniofacial skeleton (Clinical Note), 9:378-379, 9:381

Composite correction of bilateral cleft lip nose deformity, central lip flap and nasal mucosal rotation advancement and (Surgical Strategies), 16:255-261

Composite graft donor site, for postburn alar rim deficiencies (Technical Strategy), 21:1246

Composite graft, free, in skull base defect reconstruction (Clinical Note), 9:76-78

Composite mandibular reconstruction with free fibula bone graft, virtual planning of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:1137-1139

Composite radial forearm plamaris longus flap (CRFPL), lower lip defect with, reconstruction of (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:237-241

Composite resections, mandibular gunshot wound, aesthetic/anatomic subunit reconstruction of, 23:e95

Composite tissue allotransplants, in face transplantation, 23:268

Composite tissue regeneration with alloplastic implants in orbital floor reconstruction (Scientific Foundation), 5:26-33

Composite Z plasty, for cicatricial ectropion of Tessier III clefts (Special Issue: Technical Strategies), 15:51-53

Compression osteogenesis, anterior alveolar bone combined with conventional Le Fort I osteotomy, for treatment of severe maxially gingival exposure, 24:2068

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

investigation on the structure of nasal cavity and its airflow field, 22:166-171

nasal cavity model, investigation on the structure of nasal cavity and its airflow field, 22:166-171

study, inspiratory upper airway and clinical severity of OSA, 23:401

Computed tomographic angiography, three-dimensional, for cranial base lesion diagnosis, 6:27-31

Computed tomography

and rapid prototyping, orbital volume obtained by, comparison of, 24:1877

autogenous graft bone harvested from mandibular ramus in atrophic maxilla, resorption rate, 25:e543

based minimally invasive surgery for SICH, 25:1195

calvarial thickness and diploe space development in sagittal synostosis, 25:1050

chronic suppurative otitis media, 25:2022

cone-beam

anterior mandible intraosseous vascularization, 25:872

autologous bone harvesting relation to posterior mandible, 25:e475

derived bone density data, for loaded implant stability changes, 25:e293

facial soft tissue, in corrected unilateral clefts, 25:476

foramen tympanicum in orthodontic malocclusions, 25:e105

hard and soft tissue changes in class III orthognathic surgery, 25:1529

lateral cephalograms, evaluation with digital radiography, 25:1710

lingula foramen and mandibular, 25:607

mandibular canal visibility evaluation, 25:e273

mental foramen, gender-sex based, morphometry and morphology, 25:2227

nasopalatine duct cyst diagnosis and management, 25:e92

navigation, for maxillary positioning in bimaxillary surgery, 25:1095

orbital wall fracture reconstruction, postoperative assessment, 25:1150

cone-beam

cephalometric, augmented corticotomy-assisted presurgical orthodontics study, 24:1887

cephalometry analysis, accuracy and influence of patient scanning position, 23:1038

effect of MSM on upper airway in patients with class III skeletal deformities, 24:387

inferior alveolar nerve tracings, visualization and quantification of, 24:e374

maxillary alveolar ridge reconstruction with iliac crest graft/implants, 23:e12

plaster models with, for virtual 3-dimensional subapical segmental osteotomy, 23:1759

review of, 23:279

stitching sectional, validity of images, 23:1071

three-dimensional cephalometry, identification and orientation of skull after, 24:308

ulcerated anterior maxillary swelling showing radiopaque bodies on, 24:2193

coronal section paranasal sinus, analysis of ethmoid roof and skull base with, 23:1460

cranial anthropometric measurement with, comparative study, 24:1106

craniofacial fibrous dysplasia, 25:1175

extracted craniofacial landmarks, geometric morphometric validation study, 25:232

facial bone density and osteoporosis, analysis of, 24:425

guided PRT, for older trigeminal neuralgia patients, long-term outcomes, 25:1292

high-pitch, ultra-low dose, for paranasal sinus anatomy and disease evaluation, 25:1801

images, medial rectus muscle swelling on, for differentiation of old and new orbital wall fractures, 23:1174

in nasal septoplasty, contribution of, 24:e1549

inspiratory upper airway and clinical severity of OSA, 23:401

lacrimal gland dimensions in healthy orbits, 24:712

mandibular condylar osteochondroma classification from, 25:1703

maxillary sinus gossypiboma, 25:e330

maxillofacial lesions in renal osteodystrophy, 25:1354

medpor imaging, graph-cutalgorithm and accuracy of, 23:758

micro

identification of lingual foramen, for safety during implant placement in anterior mandibular region, 24:1403

three-dimensional courses of zygomaticofacial and zygomaticotemporal canals in Koreans, 24:e1565

micro, iodine staining technique, for nasolabial muscle anatomy research, 25:1056

morphometic, in analysis of extended strip craniectomy, 25:42

MRI-merged

for jaw tumor visualization, 23:502

visualization of TMJ, 23:e647

multidetector, nasal bone and pyriform aperture morphometry, 25:2214

multidetector, preoperative scan in patients with chronic otitis media, evaluation of, 24:1472

multiplanar reconstruction image, facial nerves fully displayed on, measurement and analysis of, 24:1411

optic canal location with, 24:284

paranasal structures and orbital contents, analysis of relationship, 23:966

pneumo-, submucous fibrosis treated with surgical release and free flap reconstruction, 25:1943

preoperative, for NSSC, incidental findings on, 25:1327

quantitative, and burr holes for evaluation of cranial reconstructions, 23:650

spheno-occipital synchondrosis fusion degree, for forensic age estimation, 25:1212

stella region structures, location of optic canal, 24:1011

thin-section

jugular foramen measurement related to adjacent structures, 23:1181

measurement of cochlea to midfacial nerve canal, 24:614

thin-section, volume rendering of retrosigmoid approach, 25:1872

thin-slice multidetector, maxillary sinus dimensions, 25:957

three-dimensional

facial soft tissue, in corrected unilateral clefts, 25:476

foramen magnum and adjacent structures, 25:93

guided, for cephalometric analysis of CLP landmarks, 25:1939

midsagittal reference plane based on skull base symmetry, 25:338

preoperative design, distraction osteogenesis distraction for hemifacial microsomia, 25:185

venographty, guide for cranioplasty in parietal cephalocele, 25:225

three-dimensional

evaluation of dentoskeletal characteristics of Egyptian mummy, 23:1159

maxilla in unilateral cleft lip and palate, implications for rhinoplasty, 23:1338

maxillary sinus volume in alveolus cleft patients, 24:e23

pharyngeal reconstruction CT, protocol for, 24:1215

reconstruction, puncture of foramen ovale cranium in, 23:1457

role in angiography in vascular assessment, 23:1222

for suspected mandibular fractures, proposed requirement of, 23:1226

320-detector, for imaging upper airway structure of patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, 23:675

virtual reality modeling, image fusion in, 24:1573

volumetric, craniofacial, imaged-based meshing for, 25:2051

Computed tomography (CT) scan

advancement in subjects with craniofacial malformation (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:351-355

after use of DL-polylactic acid biodegradable plates and screws in craniofacial surgery (Scientific Foundation), 4:223-227

for assessment of calcified cephalohematomas (Technical Strategies), 17:970-979

bilateral antrochoanal polyps, possible pathogenesis (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:1116-1118

CBCT for characterization of maxillary complex in UCLP, 20:1699-1710

in central nervous system imaging in Crouzon’s syndrome (Clinical Note), 6:401-404

for choanal polyp diagnosis (Clinical study), 21:806-807

chronic expanding temporal hematoma, diagnosis of (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:567-570

cisternography, for traumatic CSFF (Scientific Foundation), 19:441-445

for classification of nasal bone fractures (Clinical Notes), 17:261-264

classification and pathogenic models of unintentional postural cranial deformities in infants, 22:33-40

complications of Le Fort III midfacial osteotomies and distraction (Clinical Study), 22:182-186

cone-beam (CBCT), triple scan procedure to obtain 3D skull model for orthognathic surgery planning, 20:297-307

contrast-enhanced, in diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm of left internal maxillary artery, 20:568-571 (Brief Clinical Note)

coronal, for prediction of enopthalmos in orbital floor fractures (Clinical Notes), 18:127-132

cranial-orbital-zygomatic measurements based on (Symposium), 9:576

for accurate craniofacial measurements, comparison with stereolithographic models, 19:22-26

for cephalometric study of upper airway space in skeletal class II and III healthy patients, 19:1497-1507

images with ‘‘biporion-dorsum sellae’ ’ plane, use in measuring and monitoring of monobloc DO, comparison of measurements before and after distraction, 19:369-376

CT scans of patients with head trauma, skull indices collected from, 20:545-550 (Anatomic Study)

current concepts in deformational plagiocephaly, 22:6-7

customized bifocal and trifocal transport distraction (Clinical Study), 22:562-565

3D (3D CT)

in craniomaxillofacial surgery, 5:282

in cranio-orbital foreign body assessment, 7:224-227

in diagnosis and treatment of cranio-orbital foreign body (Clinical Note), 7:311-314

for observation of posttraumatic foreign body in facial (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:191-194

reconstructions to quantify skeletal deformities in craniofacial malformations (Clinical Notes), 17:1035-1039

use in study of Mandibular alveolar distraction osteogenesis (Clinical Studies), 17:492-496

three-dimensional, with ‘biporion-dorsum sellae’ plane, measurement and monitoring of monobloc distraction osteogenesis using, precision and reproducibility of (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:430-434

three-dimensional, in craniofacial surgery, protocol for (Clinical Note), 12:136-140

age-related changes of upper airway assessed by, 20:657-663

for analysis of facial asymmetry, 20:417-422 (Clinical Note)

for comparing soft tissue thickness of midface in craniosynostosis, 20:2259-2262 (Brief Clinical Note)

for craniofacial phenotypic analysis in children with velocardiofacial syndrome, 20:2013-2019

3D skull model for orthognathic surgery planning, use of CBCT in, 20:297-307

monitoring for comparison of tooth- and bone-borne devices in surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion, 20:1132-1141

scan measurement for truncal maxillary nerve blocks via suprazygomatic route in infants, 20:224-228 (Anatomic Study)

scans, to study pattern of calcification at osteotomy sites after distraction, 20:275-278

in studying classification system for sagittal craniosynostosis, 20:279-282

use in volumetric assessment and treatment of vascular lesions of head and neck regions, 20:402-405 (Clinical Note)

in management of rare cranio-orbital cleft (Brief Clinical Note), 19:819-822

for study of hyoid bone abnormalities in Pierre Robin patients (Anatomical Study), 19:259-263

data from, producing full-scale model from (Discussion), 12:96

data from, producing full-scale model from, with rapid prototyping technique (Scientific Foundation), 11:526

deformational plagiocephaly: a look into the future (Special Editorial), 22:3-5

descending necrotizing mediastinitis and facial palsy (Clinical Study), 22:559-561

design and validation of a test protocol, 22:113-117

in determining size and shape of craniofacial skeleton (Clinical Note), 12:87-94

in diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis of TMJ (Brief Clinical Notes), 18:1486-1488

distraction osteogenesis in the treatment of scaphocephaly, 22:96-99

divided parietal bone (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:355-358

efficacy and safety of early cranioplasty (Clinical Study), 22:203-206

endoscopic changes in the upper airway, 22:105-109

in evaluation of hemifacial microsomia, 12:31-40

in evaluating intracranial volume in craniosynostotic rabbits, 9:234-238

in follow-up of biodegradable and titanium plating in experimental craniotomies, 8:446-451, 8:452

helical, identification of mandible fractures by (Brief Clinical Notes), 16:394-398

heterotrophic ossification on a skin graft in a postburn of the scar (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2369-2372

images, estimation of eyeball volume using cavalieri principle on, 20:233-237 (Anatomic Study)

3-D imaging, in study of noncomminuted zygomatic fractures (Clinical Notes), 18:67-73

imaging features and surgical treatment (Clinical Study), 22:214-216

influence of metopic suture fusion associated with sagittal synostosis, 22:77-82

inspiratory upper airway and clinical severity of OSA, 23:401

intracranial volume determined by, normal (Scientific Foundation), 11:211-223

intracranial volume in infants with deformational plagiocephaly assessed by, 9:493-503

investigation on the structure of nasal cavity and its airflow field, 22:166-171

lateral rectus muscle injury, orbital fracture, mouth locking, and facial palsy resulting from reduction malarplasty (Clinical Study), 22:151-154

in maxillofacial fixation with absorbable miniplate follow-up, 8:135-140

a method for visualizing high-density porous polyethylene, 22:73-76

metopic suture abnormalities in children, 22:89-95

micro

evaluation of glenoid fossa and mandibular condyle bone after mandibular ramus distraction (Errata, Scientific Foundation), 17:611-619

and histomorphometry, for assessment of bone formation in calvarial experimental model, correlation between (Scientific Foundation), 19:446-452

and scanning electron microscope (SEM) evaluation of cranial sutures, in health and disease (Scientific Studies), 17:909-919

scan of distraction regenerates area/BMP-injection sides, to study the effects of rhBMP-2 on mandibular distraction (Scientific Foundation), 17:101-106

metopic suture closure evaluated by, 12:527-532

micro, in membranous bone evaluation, 9:48-54

MRI fusion, for jaw tumor visualization, 23:502

multislice angiography (MCTA), before free flap surgery (Original Article), 18:1284-1289

of nasofrontal ducts in frontal sinus fractures, sagittal view of, 21:1670-1673

normally shaped heads with no sutures, normally shaped heads with abnormal sutures, and abnormally shaped heads with normal sutures (Clinical Study), 22:173-177

in orbital fracture management (Scientific Foundation), 7:449-459

orbital, for preoperative diagnosis of posttraumatic CSF cyst of orbit (Brief Clinical Notes), 17:189-191

parasagittal suture after strip craniectomy, 22:66-67

in patients with single-sutural synostosis, 21:411-412 (Clinical Study)

pediatric patients with craniosynostosis (Anatomical Study), 22:285-288

plate and screw fixation and, 6:477

research on, 3:4

sagittal plane, role in orbital floor fractures evaluation (Clinical Study), 21:1153-1157

scanning protocol, for surgical planning (Technical Strategies), 18:656-657

of schwannoma arising from intramasseteric muscle (Clinical Studies), 21:1998-2001

single positron emission, brain, for cerebral perfusion defects in simple craniosynostosis, 7:177-185

spiral, multidetector, imaging of porous polyethylene implant by (Clinical Note), 19:156-158

straightforward factors for predicting the prognosis of blow-out fractures, 22:1210-1214

in studying anatomical variations of maxillary sinus and accompanying structures (Clinical Note), 19:159-164

surgical correction of a median cleft (Clinical Study), 22:191-193

surgical management of impacted teeth (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:2344-2346

for surgically assisted RME in midpalatal suture, transverse effects after (Clinical Note), 19:433-438

temporal artery mimicking a subcutaneous mass lesion (Brief Clinical Studies), 22:371-372

three-dimensional surgical guide for frontal-nasal-ethmoid-vomer disjunction in Le Fort III osteotomy (Technical Strategy), 22:1791-1792

in posttraumatic orbital reconstruction using AO 3D titanium mesh plates, 20:1108-1113

and rapid prototyping technique for fabrication of auricular prosthesis, 20:1169-1172 (Clinical Note)

validation of optical three-dimensional plagiocephalometry, 22:129-133

vertical position of the orbits in nonsyndromic plagiocephaly, 22:135-138

Computer graphics in facial deformity analysis (Clinical Note), 12:167-174

Computer planning, in implants insertion, and custom model coordination, 20:1086-1092

Computer reconstruction, of velopharyngeal mechanism, 20:1739-1746

Computer techniques, in maxillofacial reconstruction using fibula flap, 20:372-377

Computer-aided design

and manufacturing in craniosynostosis surgery, 24:1100

for rapid prototyped polymethlmethacrylate reconstruction, 24:682

for reduction cranioplasty, application, 25:172

in craniomaxillofacial surgery, 23:288

in head and neck surgery, 23:272

in mandibular asymmetry repair, 23:44

PEEK implants, titanium mesh vs., in alloplastic cranioplasty, 25:e185

planning and execution system for craniomaxillofacial surgery, 25:274

role in edentulous mandibular malunion reconstruction, 24:1835

Computer-aided design (CAD) planning for craniosynostosis surgery, 12:547-553

Computer-aided design and manufacturing technology in head and neck reconstruction (Technical strategy), 21:1277-1280

Computer-aided design, a novel technique for presurgical nasoalveolar molding, 22:142-145

Computer-aided design, of large-format prefabricated cranial plates (Original Article), 14:819-832

Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing

positioning jig, for evaluation of condylar head changes after orthognathic surgery, 25:2002

prefabricated titanium implant, facial and mandibular asymmetry correction with, 25:1099

Computer-aided orthognathic surgery to improve intraoperative three-dimensional reproducibility, 21:1698-1705

Computer-assisted navigation surgery

correction of orbital wall fracture close to optic canal, 24:1118

intraoperative 3D, for delayed reconstruction of orbitozygomatic complex fractures, 24:284

Le-Fort 1 osteotomy posterior repositioning of maxilla, 23:1854

mandibular complex defect reconstruction, 24:e229

orbitozygomatic traumatology, recording system, 23:890

real-time assistance in orthognathic surgery, 24:221

removal mental low-velocity projectiles from sphenoid sinus base, 23:472

role in orbital reconstruction surgery outcomes, 23:1567

for tenosynovial giant cell tumor in TMJ/skull base, 23:521

Computer-assisted surgery

computer-navigated contouring of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia involving the orbit, 22:469-471