Skip Navigation LinksHome > May 2013 - Volume 24 - Issue 3 > Radiographic Evaluation of Regenerated Bone Following Poly(L...
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31827ca01a
Original Articles

Radiographic Evaluation of Regenerated Bone Following Poly(Lactic-Co-Glycolic) Acid/Hydroxyapatite and Deproteinized Bovine Bone Graft in Sinus Lifting

y Baena, Ruggero Rodriguez MD, DDS*; Lupi, Saturnino Marco DDS*; Pastorino, Roberta MEng, PhD; Maiorana, Carlo MD, DDS; Lucchese, Alessandra DDS, MSOrth§; Rizzo, Silvana MD, DDS*

Collapse Box


Abstract: Although numerous biomaterials are used for maxillary sinus-lift surgery, the ideal material for such procedures has not yet been identified. Both heterologous and alloplastic bone substitutes have a solely osteoconductive effect and lack the osteoinductive properties of the bone morphogenetic proteins typical of autologous bone. Our group assessed a new alloplastic graft material, poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid/hydroxyapatite (PLGA/HA), implanted in a human model of maxillary sinus-lift surgery. For this prospective, random, double-blind trial, we used deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) as the comparison material. Radiographic bone vertical height and density were assessed at approximately 28 weeks after grafting using cone-beam computed tomography. The vertical dimension of the regenerated bone was equivalent between the 2 groups. The density of the bone regenerated using PLGA/HA was significantly lower than that obtained with DBB. Despite clinical assessments demonstrating that PLGA/HA has sufficient characteristics for use in sinus-lift surgery, DBB provided greater bone density and an equivalent vertical dimension of grafted bone. Further studies are needed to supplement the radiologic findings with histologic and micromorphometric examinations.

© 2013Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Follow Us!


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.