Skip Navigation LinksHome > November 2012 - Volume 23 - Issue 7 > Models of Cranial Suture Biology
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e318258ba53
Original Articles

Models of Cranial Suture Biology

Grova, Monica BS*; Lo, David D. MD*; Montoro, Daniel BS*; Hyun, Jeong S. MD*; Chung, Michael T. BS*; Wan, Derrick C. MD*; Longaker, Michael T. MD, MBA*†

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Abstract

Abstract: Craniosynostosis is a common congenital defect caused by premature fusion of cranial sutures. The severe morphologic abnormalities and cognitive deficits resulting from craniosynostosis and the potential morbidity of surgical correction espouse the need for a deeper understanding of the complex etiology for this condition. Work in animal models for the past 20 years has been pivotal in zadvancing our understanding of normal suture biology and elucidating pathologic disease mechanisms. This article provides an overview of milestone studies in suture development, embryonic origins, and signaling mechanisms from an array of animal models including transgenic mice, rats, rabbits, fetal sheep, zebrafish, and frogs. This work contributes to an ongoing effort toward continued development of novel treatment strategies.

© 2012 Mutaz B. Habal, MD

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