Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

Skip Navigation LinksHome > July 2012 - Volume 23 - Issue 4 > Influence of Helmet Use in Facial Trauma and Moderate Trauma...
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31824e5b04
Original Articles

Influence of Helmet Use in Facial Trauma and Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury Victims of Motorcycle Accidents

Cavalcante, Josuel Raimundo DDS, PhD*†; Oka, Salomão Cury-Rad DDS, MSc; de Santana Santos, Thiago DDS, MSc*‡; Dourado, Edwaldo DDS, PhD*; de Oliveira e Silva, Emanuel Dias DDS*; Gomes, Ana Claudia Amorim DDS, PhD*

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Objective: The objective of this research was to study the influence of the use of helmet in facial trauma victims of motorcycle accidents with moderate traumatic brain injury.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the incidence of facial injuries in helmeted and nonhelmeted victims with moderate traumatic brain injury at a referral trauma hospital.

Results: The sample consisted of 272 patients predominantly men (94.5%) and between 21 and 40 years old (62.9%). The majority of patients were using helmet (80.1%). The occurrence of facial fractures was most frequent for zygomatic bone (51.8%), followed by mandible (18.8%) and nasal bones (9.2%).

Conclusions: Individuals in the most productive age group are most affected, which causes a great loss to financial and labor systems. It is important to take measures to alert the public regarding the severity of injuries likely to occur in motorcycle-related accidents and ways to prevent them.

© 2012 Mutaz B. Habal, MD

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