The clinical presentation and management of pediatric orbital fractures have many unique features that differentiate them from orbital injuries encountered in the adult population. An understanding of the particular anatomic and mechanical properties of pediatric orbital bone and soft tissue helps to explain most of these differences. This article reviews the epidemiology, anatomy, growth implications, pathomechanics, particular clinical features, assessment, and surgical management of pediatric orbital fractures.
From the *Craniofacial Anomalies Program, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, and †Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire.
Received November 2, 2010.
Accepted for publication November 28, 2010.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Mitchell A. Stotland, MD, MS, Craniofacial Anomalies Program, Dartmouth Medical School, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The authors report no conflicts of interest.