Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

Skip Navigation LinksHome > January 2011 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 > Deformational Plagiocephaly, Brachycephaly, and Scaphocephal...
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e3181f6c342
Original Articles

Deformational Plagiocephaly, Brachycephaly, and Scaphocephaly. Part II: Prevention and Treatment

Rogers, Gary F. MD, JD, MBA, MPH

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Cranial deformation is the most common cause of abnormal head shape. Intentional and unintentional alterations of cranial form are associated with the application of external pressure to the growing infant head, and such changes have been recorded throughout man's history. Recent changes in Western sleeping practices, instituted to reduce the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome, have led to a dramatic rise in cranial deformation and renewed interest in this subject. This 2-part review presents a pragmatic clinical approach to this topic including a critical review of the literature as it applies to each aspect of this common diagnosis: historical perspective, terminology, differential diagnosis, etiopathogenesis and predisposing factors, and prevention and treatment.

© 2011 Mutaz B. Habal, MD

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