Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

Skip Navigation LinksHome > March 2003 - Volume 14 - Issue 2 > Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Fistula: Pathophysiology and Tre...
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery:
Anatomical Studies

Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Fistula: Pathophysiology and Treatment

Fattahi, Tirbod T. DDS, MD*; Brandt, M. Todd DDS†; Jenkins, W. Scott DMD†; Steinberg, Barry DDS, MD, PhD, FACS*

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Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulae are rare yet potentially lethal vascular anomalies in the skull base seen after craniomaxillofacial trauma. This aberrant vascular communication has been extensively evaluated and classified, with a number of treatment modalities available to clinicians. The ultimate and definitive treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulae falls beyond the scope of craniomaxillofacial surgery. Nevertheless, clinicians treating patients with craniofacial injuries should have a complete understanding of this pathological entity, because urgent intervention may improve patient outcome.

© 2003 Mutaz B. Habal, MD

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