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10-Year Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Among Male Workers in Small-Sized Industries

Park, Kyongok PhD, RN, ANP; Hwang, Seon Young PhD, RN

Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing: May/June 2015 - Volume 30 - Issue 3 - p 267–273
doi: 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000146

Background: Health management or health promotion programs are limited, particularly for workers in small-sized industries.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using the general Framingham Risk Score and examine predictors of CVD risk adjusted for age among male workers.

Methods: Routine health screening data and self-reported questionnaires were collected from 12 933 male workers in 1041 industries from 2009 to 2011 in South Korea.

Results: The proportion of high CVD risk (Framingham Risk Score >20%) was 7.1% (n = 919). Most (83.5%) subjects were manufacturing workers, engaged in manual labor, with a mean (SD) age of 42.1 (9.2) years (range, 30–70 years). Younger workers were more likely to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol heavily, and be physically inactive. A logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, occupation type, body mass index, physical activity, and alcohol consumption were significant predictors of 10-year CVD risk.

Conclusion: To reduce CVD risk, education regarding lifestyle modification should be emphasized for small-sized industrial workers who are overweight, physically inactive, and heavy alcohol drinkers and who work as bus or taxi drivers. Careful attention is also needed for younger workers who are a latent risk group for the development of CVD.

Kyongok Park, PhD, RN, ANP Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Far East University, Eumseong, South Korea.

Seon Young Hwang, PhD, RN Associate Professor, Division of Nursing, Hanynag University, Seoul, South Korea.

This work was supported by the research fund of Hanyang University(HY-2013).

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Correspondence Seon Young Hwang, PhD, RN, Division of Nursing, Hanynag University, 133-791 Wangsimni-ro 222, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, South Korea (

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