Cardiovascular nursing practice includes accountability for the clinical and organizational processes to ensure positive outcomes for patients having cardiac dysrhythmias. For patients with supraventricular dysrhythmias, nurses have studied patient outcomes related to mortality, morbidity, quality of life, psychological and physical functioning, and symptoms. Nurses have also explored these same outcomes associated with the management of supraventricular dysrhythmias. In addition, nurses have contributed to understanding organizational outcomes such as healthcare utilization and costs associated with these patients. For patients with atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery, nurses have studied patient and organizational outcomes related to mortality, morbidity, symptoms, psychological and physical functioning, and economic outcomes. This research has included numerous interdisciplinary studies, and most of it has been descriptive or observational in design. Areas for future nursing outcomes research, including more interventional studies, are discussed.
Marjorie Funk, PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN Professor, Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Conn.
Kathryn Wood, PhD, RN Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, Calif.
Amy L. Valderrama, PhD, RN Former doctoral student of Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University; Currently at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Atlanta, Ga.
Sandra B. Dunbar, DSN, RN, FAHA, FAAN Charles Howard Candler Professor, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.
This work was partially supported by funding from NIH NINR R01 NR05187 Psychoeducational Intervention for ICD Patients, NIH NHLBI K24 HL04261 Atrial Fibrillation in Patients after Cardiac Surgery, F31NR009304 Fatigue and Atrial Fibrillation, and NIH T32 NR007088 Nursing Research Training in Symptom Management.
Corresponding author Sandra B. Dunbar, RN, DSN, FAAN, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, 1520 Clifton Road NE, Rm 364, Atlanta, GA 30322 (e-mail: email@example.com).