Skip Navigation LinksHome > September 2014 - Volume 48 - Issue 8 > Ciprofloxacin Usage and Bacterial Resistance Patterns in Cro...
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology:
doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000024
ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles

Ciprofloxacin Usage and Bacterial Resistance Patterns in Crohn’s Disease Patients With Abscesses

Park, Soo-Kyung MD*; Kim, Kyung-Jo MD*; Lee, Sang-Oh MD; Yang, Dong-Hoon MD*; Jung, Kee Wook MD*; Ye, Byong Duk MD*; Byeon, Jeong-Sik MD*; Myung, Seung-Jae MD*; Yang, Suk-Kyun MD*; Kim, Jin-Ho MD*; Yu, Chang Sik MD

Collapse Box


Background: Ciprofloxacin is the antibiotic most frequently used in the treatment of Crohn’s disease (CD). We attempted to identify the microorganisms present in CD-related intra-abdominal abscesses, their ciprofloxacin resistance patterns, and the clinical impact.

Methods: Microorganisms, their ciprofloxacin resistance, and clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed in 78 CD patients with intra-abdominal abscesses, who underwent percutaneous drainage between March 1991, and November 2011.

Results: The median time from diagnosis of CD to abscess drainage was 59.5 months (range, 1 to 178 mo). As for bacteriology, the no-growth proportion was 38.5% (n=30), and 69 microorganisms belonging to 11 genera were isolated from the other 48 (61.5%) patients. Of the 69 microorganisms, 65 were bacteria, including 30 (43.4%) gram-positive, 28 (40.6%) gram-negative aerobes, 7 (10.1%) gram-negative anaerobes, and 4 (4.1%) fungi. Streptococci spp. (25, 36.2%) were the most common bacteria, followed by Escherichia coli (18, 26.1%). Nineteen of the 28 gram-negative aerobes (67.9%) were resistant to ciprofloxacin, including 14 of 18 (77.8%) E. coli isolates. When we compared clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes in 17 patients with ciprofloxacin-resistant and 8 with ciprofloxacin-sensitive bacteria, we found that disease duration from diagnosis to drainage (97.2 vs. 50.7 mo, P=0.03) and median length of hospitalization (40 vs. 31 d, P=0.03) was significantly longer in the former.

Conclusions: When gram-negative aerobes were isolated from abscesses in CD patients, more than two thirds were resistant to ciprofloxacin. Providers should consider this high rate of ciprofloxacin resistance when choosing first-line antibiotic treatment for CD-related intra-abdominal abscesses.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


Article Tools


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.