Skip Navigation LinksHome > October 2013 - Volume 47 - Issue 9 > Identification of Patients With Developing Ulcerative Coliti...
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology:
doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e31828f51e1
ONLINE ARTICLE: Original Articles

Identification of Patients With Developing Ulcerative Colitis–associated Neoplasia by Nitrative DNA Damage Marker 8-Nitroguanin Expression in Rectal Mucosa

Saigusa, Susumu MD, PhD; Araki, Toshimitsu MD, PhD; Tanaka, Koji MD, PhD; Hashimoto, Kiyoshi MD; Okita, Yoshiki MD, PhD; Fujikawa, Hiroyuki MD, PhD; Okugawa, Yoshinaga MD, PhD; Toiyama, Yuji MD, PhD; Inoue, Yasuhiro MD, PhD; Uchida, Keiichi MD, PhD; Mohri, Yasuhiko MD, PhD; Kusunoki, Masato MD, PhD

Collapse Box

Abstract

Goal: To clarify whether the expression of nitrative and oxidative DNA damage markers in the rectal mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) could be used to predict UC-associated neoplasia.

Background: A longer duration of UC can increase the risk of developing UC-associated cancer (UCAC). Effective diagnostic markers are being sought to provide more selective screening and treatment strategies for patients with long-standing UC.

Study: A total of 141 patients with UC who underwent a proctocolectomy were enrolled in this study. The expression of 8-nitroguanine (8-NG), 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the rectal mucosa were evaluated using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and assessed relative to the pathogenesis of UC-associated neoplasia.

Results: Eighteen patients (12.8%) had UC-associated neoplasia including low-grade or high-grade dysplasia and UCAC. IHC scores of 8-NG in UC-associated neoplasia group was significantly higher than in non-neoplasia group (P<0.0001). In contrast, IHC score of 8-oxodG in non-neoplasia group was significantly decreased compared with UC-associated neoplasia group (P=0.0028). In logistic regression analysis, duration of disease >8 years, high IHC scores of 8-NG, and low 8-oxodG in the rectal mucosa were significantly associated with the development of UC-associated neoplasia (P<0.01). The expression of 8-NG was more frequently observed in patients with UCAC than in patients with sporadic colorectal cancer (P<0.01).

Conclusion: These results suggest that evaluating the expression levels of 8-NG in the rectal mucosa may be a useful biomarker for detecting patients with UC-associated neoplasia.

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Login

Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.