Background: The gastrointestinal tract is the most common primary site of extranodal lymphomas, whereas gastrointestinal natural killer/T-cell (GINKT) lymphomas are relatively rare. To date, neither the prognostic characteristics nor the clinical features or optimal therapeutic approach for GINKT has yet been defined.
Patients and Methods: In this study, a retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical data obtained from 47 patients diagnosed with GINKT lymphoma between May 1999 and August 2011 at West China Hospital.
Results: Patients had a median age of 37 years. Thirty-five of the patients were men (74.5%). The common clinical manifestations included fever (78.7%) and abdominal pain (76.6%). Seventeen patients had intestinal perforation (36.2%). All patients showed ulcerative lesions; the most common site of involvement was the colon (27/47; 57.4%), followed by the jejunoileum and ileocecum (14/47; 29.8%). The median survival period was 2.83 (95% confidence interval, 0.27-29) months. Age, perforation, B syndrome, staging according to Lugano system, and surgery were independent prognostic risk factors for GINKT lymphoma.
Conclusions: This study concluded that GINKT lymphoma is prone to perforation, hemorrhage, and other complications; moreover, the prognosis is very poor. The Lugano staging is a relatively suitable staging system. Surgery before perforation is a key therapy factor that affected prognosis. Although the roles played by chemotherapy and radiotherapy are unclear, combination therapy is necessary.