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An Update on Clinical Trials in the Treatment of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Lee, Jean K. MD, PhD*; Abou-Alfa, Ghassan K. MD*,†

Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology:
doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e31827d77a2

Despite the successful FDA approval of sorafenib as the standard of care therapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), its clinical benefits have been modest. The mortality rate remains high and prognosis poor for patients with advanced-stage HCC. The exact mechanism of sorafenib in the treatment of HCC and its resistance at the molecular levels are largely unknown. There are no other treatment options in first-line therapy and there is currently no standard of care second-line therapies available. Thus, there is a critical need for novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of advanced HCC, and thus a clear justification for the already reported, currently ongoing, and planned clinical trials.

Author Information

*Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY

G.K.A-A. has received research grant support from Abbott, Amgen, Bayer, Chugai, Genentech, ImClone, Novartis, Polaris and Roche. G.K.A-A. has consulted for Abbott, Arqule, BMS, Bayer, Daiichi, Exelixis, Genentech, ImClone, Novartis and Polaris. J.K.L. declares she has no conflicts of interest.

Reprints: Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (e-mail:

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins