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Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology:
doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e318188be6d
LIVER, PANCREAS AND BILIARY TRACT: Clinical Research

Prolonged Intrahepatic Cholestasis and Renal Failure Secondary to Anabolic Androgenic Steroid-Enriched Dietary Supplements

Krishnan, Prashant V. MD; Feng, Zhen-Zhou MD; Gordon, Stuart C. MD

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Abstract

The illegal enrichment of anabolic androgenic steroids in over-the-counter dietary supplements is well documented, but the health consequences have not been widely recognized. Three recent reports document cholestatic jaundice and nephropathy due to these compounds. We present 3 additional cases of anabolic androgenic steroid-enriched dietary supplement-induced hepatotoxicity and 1 case of renal failure, and we review the literature and the relevant features of this growing health concern. Recognition of this entity could obviate the need for invasive diagnostic testing and hospitalization and facilitate diagnosis and appropriate counseling.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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