Objective: To evaluate qualitative and simple quantitative measures of all 4 cardiac chamber sizes on computed tomography (CT) in comparison with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE).
Methods: We retrospectively identified 104 adults with electrocardiographically gated cardiac CT and TTE within 3 months. Axial early diastolic (75% R-R) CT images were reviewed for qualitative chamber enlargement, and each chamber was measured linearly. Transthoracic echocardiography was reviewed for linear, area, and volume measurements. Interrater agreement was calculated using Cohen κ and Pearson correlation.
Results: There were significant correlations between linear left atrium and left ventricle sizes by CT and TTE (r = 0.686 and r = 0.709, respectively). Correlations for right atrium and right ventricle measurements were lower (r = 0.447 and r = 0.492, respectively). Agreement between CT and TTE for qualitative chamber enlargement was poor (highest κ = 0.35). Computed tomography sensitivity was ≤ 62% for enlargement of all chambers.
Conclusions: Linear CT measurements of left-sided chamber sizes correlate well with TTE. Right heart measurements and qualitative assessments agreed poorly with TTE.