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Computed Tomographic Findings of X-Linked Deafness: A Spectrum From Child to Mother, From Young to Old, From Boy to Girl, From Mixed to Sudden Hearing Loss

Saylisoy, Suzan MD*; Incesulu, Armagan MD; Gurbuz, Melek Kezban MD; Adapinar, Baki MD*

Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography: January/February 2014 - Volume 38 - Issue 1 - p 20–24
doi: 10.1097/RCT.0b013e3182a0d05f
Neuroimaging

Purpose: Congenital mixed hearing loss associated with fixed stapes footplate is a rare disorder transmitted through X-linked inheritance. The purpose of this study was to report the radiologic findings of X-linked deafness with middle ear anomalies in affected children and young patients and in carrier women.

Materials and Methods: The computed tomographic and audiometric findings of 7 subjects (4 affected children and young patients, 1 of whom is a girl; 2 carrier mothers; and a man who presented with sudden hearing loss) from different families were analyzed.

Results: Computed tomography showed bulbous dilatation of the fundi of the internal auditory canals, incomplete bony separation between the basal turn of the cochleas and the lateral ends of the internal auditory canal, deficiency of the modiolus, enlarged first part of the facial nerve, and dilatation of the superior and the inferior vestibular nerve canal and the singular canal. Besides these characteristic findings, dilatation of the vestibular aqueduct was seen except in the man. Middle ear anomalies including oval and/or round window and/or stapes abnormalities were also detected in three affected patients. The carrier mothers had milder forms of some characteristic findings.

Conclusions: Because of the risks of stapes surgery in X-linked deafness, recognition of the characteristic imaging features of these disorders is important. Especially in young patients with mixed hearing loss, temporal bone computed tomography should be performed before stapes surgery to avoid the complication of stapes gusher. Middle ear anomalies might be highly associated with X-linked deafness.

From the *Department of Radiology, and †Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Meselik-Eskisehir, Turkey.

Received for publication May 3, 2013; accepted June 16, 2013.

Reprints: Suzan Saylisoy, MD, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Meselik-Eskisehir, 26040, Turkey (e-mail: sunasel06@yahoo.com).

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins