Introduction: The study was performed to compare dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with 3-dimensional (3D) pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL) MRI in gliomas with an aim to see whether arterial spin labeling (ASL)–derived cerebral blood flow (CBF) values can be used as an alternative to DCE-MRI for its grading.
Materials and Methods: Sixty-four patients with glioma (37 male; mean age, 43 years; 38 high grade and 26 low grade) underwent 3D-PCASL and DCE-MRI. The DCE indices (relative cerebral blood volume, rCBV; relative CBF, rCBF; permeability, ktrans and kep; and leakage, ve) and ASL (absolute and rCBF) values were quantified from the tumors. Student independent t test was used to compare ASL and DCE-MRI indices. Pearson correlation was used to see correlation between DCE- and ASL-derived CBF values in tumor and normal parenchyma.
Results: On Student t test, neither ASL-derived absolute CBF (P = 0.78) nor rCBF (P = 0.12) values were found to be significantly different in 2 groups, whereas DCE indices except ve were significantly higher in high-grade gliomas. Arterial spin labeling–derived rCBF values weakly correlated with DCE-derived rCBF values, whereas these did not show correlation in normal grey (P = 0.12, r = 0.2) and white (P = 0.26, r = 0.14) matter regions.
Conclusions: Three-dimensional pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling does not appear to be a reliable technique in the current form and may not be a suitable replacement for DCE in grading of glioma.