Skip Navigation LinksHome > March/April 2012 - Volume 36 - Issue 2 > Multidetector Computed Tomography Triphasic Evaluation of th...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography:
doi: 10.1097/RCT.0b013e318247c8f0
Abdominal Imaging

Multidetector Computed Tomography Triphasic Evaluation of the Liver Before Transplantation: Importance of Equilibrium Phase Washout and Morphology for Characterizing Hypervascular Lesions

Liu, Yueyi I. MD, PhD; Kamaya, Aya MD; Jeffrey, R. Brooke MD; Shin, Lewis K. MD

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Abstract

Objective: We aim to identify the sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of arterial phase imaging in detecting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and determine the added value of portal venous and equilibrium phase imaging and lesion morphology characterization.

Methods: We reviewed all patients who underwent liver transplantation at our institution that had a triphasic multidetector computed tomography examination within 6 months of transplantation. Forty-seven hypervascular lesions were identified in 24 patients. Imaging findings were correlated with explant pathologic correlation.

Results: Hypervascularity in the arterial phase resulted in sensitivity of 87.5% and PPV of 29.8%. The presence of washout in the equilibrium phase increased the PPV to 92.9% with a slight decrease in sensitivity (81.3%). The negative predictive value of hypervascular lesions without washout in the equilibrium phase was 97.1%. There was significant correlation between larger lesions and HCC and between round lesions and HCC.

Conclusions: The presence of washout in the equilibrium phase is a better indicator of malignancy.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

  

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