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Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography:
Nueroradiology: Review Article
Association, Commissural, and Projection Pathways and Their Functional Deficit Reported in Literature
Aralasmak, Ayse MD*†; Ulmer, John L. MD†; Kocak, Mehmet MD†‡; Salvan, Carmen V. MD†; Hillis, Argye E. MD§; Yousem, David M. MD, MBA*
Abstract: This study demonstrates normal white matter structures of the supratentorial system revealed by diffusion tensor imaging. Their anatomic connections and functional significance are discussed in the context of the lesion-induced deficits reported in the literature, which may not fully represent the lesion-induced effects on the white matter function and may not be entirely specific to the tract discussed. Nevertheless, understanding the most common effects of lesions on the functional connectivity provides a framework that we can use in advanced neuroimaging studies, like diffusion tensor imaging, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography, and in our daily clinical practice.
© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
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association pathways, commissural pathways, projection pathways, AC, anterior commissure, ACC, anterior cingulate cortex, ACG, anterior cingulum, ALIC, anterior limb of the internal capsule, AR, acoustic radiation, CBT, corticobulbar tract, CC, corpus callosum, CG, cingulum, CST, corticospinal tract, DTI, diffusion tensor imaging, FPT, frontopontine tract, fMRI, functional magnetic resonance imaging, HC, hippocampal (forniceal) commissure, IFOF, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, ILF, inferior longitudinal fasciculus, LGN, lateral geniculate nucleus, MGN, medial geniculate nucleus, OR, optic radiation, PC, posterior commissure, PCG, posterior cingulum, PFC, prefrontal cortex, PLIC, posterior limb of the internal capsule, SC, superior colliculi, SFOF, superior fronto-occipital fasciculus, SLF, superior longitudinal fasciculus, TPOPT, temporo-parieto-occipito-pontine tract, TTG, transverse temporal gyrus, TC, tectal commissure, UF, uncinate fasciculus, WM, white matter
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