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Four polymorphisms of cholesteryl ester transfer protein gene and coronary stenosis in a Tunisian population

Rejeb Jihène; Omezzine, Asma; Boumaiza, Imen; Rebhi, Lamia; Rejeb, Nabila Ben; Nabli, Naoufel; Abdelaziz, Ahmed Ben; Boughzala, Essia; Bouslama, Ali
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: Post Author Corrections: August 08, 2012
doi: 10.2459/JCM.0b013e3283569b24
Original article: PDF Only

Aims

The role of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in the development of atherosclerosis is under debate. We studied the association of four polymorphisms (Taq1B, I405V, R451Q and A373P) in the CETP gene with lipid profile and coronary artery disease.

Methods

Four CETP polymorphisms were studied in 316 Tunisian patients undergoing coronary angiography. Patients were clinically examined and their lipid profiles were estimated. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

Results

The 451Q allele, associated with lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and higher total cholesterol and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) concentrations, was also significantly associated with an increased risk of significant stenosis [odds ratio (OR) = 1.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15–2.61, P = 0.007]. The B2 allele of Taq1B polymorphism had an increase in HDL-C concentration and was associated with a decreased risk of coronary stenosis, as described earlier. It was also associated with low risk of hypoHDLaemia [OR = 0.615, 95% CI 0.377–1.002, P = 0.035]. No significant effect of different A373P and I405V alleles was found on the lipid profile and on coronary stenosis. When CETP polymorphisms were combined in haplotypes possessing R451Q, A373P, I405V, Taq1B polymorphisms, the 1112 haplotype (where 1 is the wild genotype and 2 represents carriers of the variant allele) seems to be the most protective against significant stenosis (OR = 0.71, 95% CI 0.188–0.983; P = 0.014), whereas 2111 was probably the most atherogenic, with an OR = 2.17, 95% CI 1.06–5.88; P = 0.039.

Conclusion

The Q allele of the R451Q polymorphism was associated with decreased HDL-C, increased ApoB concentrations and increased risk of coronary stenosis. In haplotype analysis, we found that 1112 seems to be a protective haplotype, whereas 2111 has an atherogenic effect in a coronary Tunisian population.

Correspondence to Professor Ali Bouslama, Biochemistry Department Sahloul University Hospital, 4054 Sousse, Tunisia Tel: +21673369289; fax: +21673367451; e-mail: ali.bouslama@rns.tn

Received 14 June, 2011

Revised 30 September, 2011

Accepted 4 June, 2012

© 2017 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.