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Intradevice misalignment predicts residual leak in patients undergoing left atrial appendage closure

Patti, Giuseppea; Scipione, Robertoa; Ussia, Gian P.b; Rapacciuolo, Antonioc; Goffredo, Costanzaa; Sedati, Pietroa

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: November 2017 - Volume 18 - Issue 11 - p 900–907
doi: 10.2459/JCM.0000000000000566
Research articles: Interventional cardiology

Aims: Postdeployment mutual orientation between the disk and the lobe in patients undergoing left atrial appendage closure with Amplatzer cardiac plug/Amulet device might impact on the risk of residual leak during follow-up. Thus, we evaluated in an exploratory, pilot study whether the degree of intradevice misalignment, measured by cardiac computed tomography (CT), discriminates the occurrence of peridevice leak in those patients.

Methods: All patients (N = 15) undergoing percutaneous left atrial appendage closure with those specific devices between April 2013 and January 2015 were prospectively included. All patients received follow-up evaluation by cardiac CT at 6 months after the intervention to calculate the angle of misalignment within the device and to detect presence of residual peridevice leak.

Results: The angle of misalignment between the disk and the lobe of the device significantly discriminated between patients with and without peridevice leak (area under the curve 0.96, 95% confidence interval 0.88–1.0; P = 0.003), with an angle more than 20° being associated with nine-fold higher risk of residual leak. This angle of intradevice misalignment calculated by cardiac CT was significantly correlated with that measured by two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography or X-rays in the cath lab after the device deployment (r = 0.943 and r = 0.938, respectively).

Conclusion: A marked intradevice misalignment after Amplatzer cardiac plug/Amulet device implantation significantly predicts the occurrence of postprocedural leak in patients with atrial fibrillation; if confirmed by larger studies, these findings may impact on practice patterns.

aCampus Bio-Medico University of Rome

bUniversity of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome

cPresidio Ospedaliero ‘Monaldi’, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy

Correspondence to Giuseppe Patti, MD, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Campus Bio-Medico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo, 200, 00128 Rome, Italy Tel: +39 06 225411612; fax: +39 06 225411935; e-mail: g.patti@unicampus.it

Received 7 May, 2017

Revised 21 August, 2017

Accepted 21 August, 2017

© 2017 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.