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Clinical recommendations of cardiac magnetic resonance, Part I: ischemic and valvular heart disease: a position paper of the working group Applicazioni della Risonanza Magnetica of the Italian Society of Cardiology

Aquaro, Giovanni Donato; Di Bella, Gianluca; Castelletti, Silvia; Maestrini, Viviana; Festa, Pierluigi; Ait-Ali, Lamia; Masci, Pier Giorgio; Monti, Lorenzo; di Giovine, Gabriella; De Lazzari, Manuel; Cipriani, Alberto; Guaricci, Andrea I.; Dellegrottaglie, Santo; Pepe, Alessia; Marra, Martina Perazzolo; Pontone, Gianluca

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine:
doi: 10.2459/JCM.0000000000000498
Clinical recommendations

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a reliable and accurate diagnostic tool for the evaluation of patients with cardiac disease in several clinical settings and with proven additional diagnostic and prognostic value compared with other imaging modalities. This document has been developed by the working group on the ‘application of CMR’ of the Italian Society of Cardiology to provide a perspective on the current state of technical advances and clinical applications of CMR and to inform cardiologists on how to implement their clinical and diagnostic pathways with the inclusion of this technique in clinical practice. The writing committee consisted of members of the working group of the Italian Society of Cardiology and two external peer reviewers with acknowledged experience in the field of CMR.

Author Information

aU.O.C. Risonanza Magnetica per Immagini, Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR-Regione Toscana Pisa

bUO Cardiologia, Università di Messina, Messina

cIstituto Auxologico Italiano, Milano

dDepartment of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Geriatric, Anesthesiologic and Nephrologic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

eCentre for Cardiac MR, Cardiology Unit, University Hospital Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

fU.O. Radiologia Diagnostica, Humanitas Hospital, Milan

gDivision of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria ‘Maggiore della Carità’, Eastern Piemont University, Novara

hU.O. Clinica Cardiologica, Dipartimento di Scienze Cardiologiche, Toraciche e Vascolari, Università di Padova, Padua

iUnità Operativa di Cardiologia Universitaria Dipartimento di Emergenze e Trapianti di Organi (D.E.T.O.) Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico Consorziale di Bari, Bari

jLaboratorio di RM Cardiovascolare Divisione di Cardiologia Clinica Villa dei Fiori, Acerra

kU.O. Cardiologia, Centro Cardiologico Monzino, Milano, Italy

Correspondence to Giovanni Donato Aquaro, MD, U.O.C. Risonanza Magnetica per Immagini, Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR-Regione Toscana, Pisa, Via Moruzzi, 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy Tel: +39 050 3152824; e-mail:

Received 21 June, 2016

Revised 21 October, 2016

Accepted 13 December, 2016

© 2017 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.