Aims: Heart failure patients show impaired left ventricular rotation and twist. In patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) significance of preimplant left ventricular rotational timing between different ventricular regions is unknown. We thoroughly evaluated, in patients eligible for CRT, baseline left ventricular rotational mechanics, also assessing segmental rotational timing, and investigated whether the presence of rotational dyssynchrony may be associated with echocardiographic response.
Methods: By two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography, baseline peak apical and basal rotation, peak twist, and time-related parameters, such as delays between opposite segments at base and apex, were assessed in 55 CRT patients and 11 healthy participants.
Results: At 6 months, 30 (54%) patients were echocardiographic responders. Left ventricular rotation and twist had no association with response. All time-related parameters were significantly altered in CRT patients. Maximum basal and apical segments delay, and anteroseptal-posterior delays at base and apex, were longer in responders than in nonresponders (P < 0.05 for all), regardless of the presence of left bundle branch block (LBBB) and QRS duration. At multivariable analysis, apical anteroseptal-posterior delay resulted as independently associated with response [odds ratio (OR): 1.022 (1.007–1.038); P = 0.004]. A cut-off value of 97.5 ms for apical anteroseptal-posterior delay predicted response with 96% specificity and 57% sensitivity (AUC = 0.83). Magnitude of left ventricular reverse remodeling was significantly related to apical anteroseptal-posterior delay (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: In heart failure patients eligible for CRT, left ventricular rotational timing is altered. Dyssynchrony in rotational mechanics shows a specific pattern in responders regardless of the presence of LBBB. Apical anteroseptal-posterior rotational delay is independently associated with left ventricular reverse remodeling.
aDipartimento Cuore e Vasi, Università degli Studi, Viale Morgagni, Firenze, Italia
bIRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgettina, Milano, Italia
cOspedale della Versilia, Via Aurelia, Camaiore Lucca, Italia
dIRCCS Multimedica Sesto San Giovanni (Milano), Via Milanese, Sesto San Giovanni, Milano, Italia.
eInternational Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, UK
*Paoletti Perini is the family name.
†Votta is the family name.
‡A. Perini Paoletti and S. Sacchi equally contributed to this paper, and are both to be regarded as first authors.
Correspondence to Alessandro Paoletti Perini, MD, Heart and Vessel Department, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy Tel: +39 0 55 7947514; fax: +39 0 55 7947268; e-mail: email@example.com
Received 17 August, 2015
Revised 21 February, 2016
Accepted 4 March, 2016