Heart failure is a common syndrome with multiple causes. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), using the available range of technique, is establishing itself as the gold standard noninvasive test for determining the underlying causes, and adding prognostic value, guiding therapy. Progress is continuing and rapid with promising new techniques such as diffuse fibrosis assessment. This article discusses the diverse roles of CMR in heart failure.
aMonaldi Hospital, Second University of Naples, AORN Ospedali dei Colli, Naples, Italy
bHeart Hospital Imaging Centre, Heart Hospital
cInstitute of Cardiovascular Sciences, UCL, London, United Kingdom
Correspondence to Antonello D’Andrea, MD, Via Michelangelo Schipa 44, 80122 Naples, ItalyTel: +39 081 706 4150; fax: +39 081 714 5205; e-mail: email@example.com
Received 14 October, 2011
Accepted 18 October, 2011