Background: Appropriate pain management affects outcome after hip fracture surgery. Although multimodal pain management is commonly used for pain control for patients undergoing elective surgery, few studies have evaluated its use in those undergoing hip fracture surgery. This prospective randomized study was designed to determine the clinical value of multimodal pain management with preemptive pain medication and intraoperative periarticular multimodal drug injections in patients undergoing bipolar hip hemiarthroplasty.
Methods: Of eighty-two cognitively intact elderly patients about to undergo bipolar hemiarthroplasty after a hip fracture, forty-three were randomly assigned to receive preemptive pain medication and intraoperative periarticular injections (Group I) and thirty-nine were assigned to not receive preemptive medication and injections (Group II). These two groups were compared with regard to the pain level on postoperative days one, four, and seven; at discharge; and when they started walking and standing exercises. Total amounts of fentanyl used, the frequency of use of patient-controlled analgesia, patient satisfaction at discharge, and perioperative complications were recorded.
Results: Group I had a lower pain level than Group II on postoperative days one and four, but no intergroup difference in pain level was observed on postoperative day seven. The total amount of fentanyl used and the frequency of use of patient-controlled analgesia were also lower in Group I. Patient satisfaction at discharge was higher in Group I. No significant intergroup differences were found in the times until the patients walked or performed standing exercises or in the complications.
Conclusions: Multimodal pain management provides additional pain relief until the fourth postoperative day, improves patient satisfaction at discharge, and reduces total narcotic consumption for postoperative pain management after hip hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures.
Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
1Departments of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (H.K., J.-Y.K., and Y.-C.W.), and Orthopaedic Surgery (Y.-C.H., J.-S.L., and E.-C.J.), Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, 224-1 Heukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-755, South Korea. E-mail address for Y.-C. Ha: email@example.com