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Computer-Navigated Versus Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Trial

Kim, Young-Hoo MD; Park, Jang-Won MD; Kim, Jun-Shik MD

Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery - American Volume: 21 November 2012 - Volume 94 - Issue 22 - p 2017–2024
doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.00142
Scientific Articles
Supplementary Content
Disclosures

Background: The literature lacks studies that confirm whether the improved radiographic alignment that can be achieved with computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty improves patients’ activities of daily living or the durability of total knee prostheses. The purpose of this study was to determine whether computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty improves the clinical function, alignment, and survivorship of the components.

Methods: We prospectively compared the results of 520 patients with osteoarthritis who underwent computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty for one knee and conventional total knee arthroplasty for the other. The assignment of the knee to navigation or not was done randomly. There were 452 women (904 knees) and sixty-eight men (136 knees) with a mean age of sixty-eight years (range, forty-nine to eighty-eight years) at the time of the index arthroplasty. The mean follow-up period was 10.8 years (range, ten to twelve years). The patients were assessed clinically and radiographically with the rating system of the Knee Society and with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score at three months, one year, and annually thereafter.

Results: Total knee scores, knee function scores, pain scores, WOMAC scores, knee motion, and activity scores did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups preoperatively or at the time of the final follow-up. Alignment and the survivorship of the components were not significantly different between the two groups. The Kaplan-Meier survivorship with revision as the end point at 10.8 years was 98.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.96 to 1.00) in the computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty group and 99.2% (95% CI, 0.96 to 1.00) in the conventional total knee arthroplasty group.

Conclusions: Our data demonstrated no difference in clinical function or alignment and survivorship of the components between the knees that underwent computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty and those that underwent conventional total knee arthroplasty.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

1The Joint Replacement Center at Ewha Womans University MokDong Hospital, 911-1, MokDong, YangChun-Ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea (158-710). E-mail address for Y.-H. Kim: younghookim@ewha.ac.kr

Copyright 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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