Background: Screening programs to manage osteoporosis in fracture clinic environments have had varying success in terms of increasing rates of investigation and initiation of treatment for the disease.
Methods: We determined rates of postfracture investigation and care for osteoporosis in patients screened through a coordinator-based initiative in a community hospital fracture clinic. A coordinator screened outpatients, educated them about osteoporosis, advised them to see their family physician for assessment and/or treatment, and performed follow-up at six months. Men who were fifty years of age or older and women who were forty years of age or older and had a fragility fracture were eligible.
Results: Of 505 patients enrolled at baseline, 332 (66%) returned the follow-up questionnaire; 51% of those patients reported having had a bone mineral density test after screening and 26% had initiated first-line treatment (35% if the patients who had already initiated treatment at baseline were excluded) and an additional 23% were continuing treatment since baseline. After adjustment for demographic and baseline variables, patients who had initiated first-line treatment after screening were 4.15 times more likely to have had a bone mineral density test after screening than patients who had never initiated treatment and 11.67 times more likely to have had a bone mineral density test after screening than patients who had continued treatment since baseline.
Conclusions: A coordinator-based osteoporosis screening program was associated with osteoporosis investigation and treatment. A postfracture bone mineral density test was highly associated with treatment initiation.
1Mobility Program Clinical Research Unit, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada. E-mail address for J.E.M. Sale: email@example.com
2Peterborough Regional Health Centre, 1 Hospital Drive, Peterborough, ON K9J 7C6, Canada