Higher levels of tourniquet pressure and higher pressure gradients beneath tourniquet cuffs are associated with a higher risk of nerve-related injury.
Measurement of limb occlusion pressure can help to minimize tourniquet pressure levels and pressure gradients for individual patients and individual surgical procedures.
Selective use of pneumatic, wider, and contoured tourniquet cuffs reduces tourniquet pressure levels and the applied pressure gradients.
1Section of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan. E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
2Division of Lower Limb Reconstruction and Oncology, Department of Orthopaedics (J.A.McE., and B.A.M.), and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (J.A.McE.), University of British Columbia, 3114, 910 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, V5Z 4E3 BC, Canada
3United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Regenerative Medicine, 3400 Rawley East Chambers Avenue, Building 3611, Room L82-16, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234-6315
4Department of Neurology, University of British Columbia, 2862 Highbury Street, Vancouver, V6R 3T6 BC, Canada