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Patient Risk Factors, Operative Care, and Outcomes Among Older Community-Dwelling Male Veterans with Hip Fracture

Radcliff, Tiffany A. PhD; Henderson, William G. PhD; Stoner, Tamara J. MD; Khuri, Shukri F. MD; Dohm, Michael MD; Hutt, Evelyn MD

Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery - American Volume: 01 January 2008 - Volume 90 - Issue 1 - p 34–42
doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.00065
Scientific Articles
Supplementary Content

Background: Although more than 1200 hip fracture repairs are performed in United States Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals annually, little is known about the relationship between perioperative care and short-term outcomes for veterans with hip fracture. The purpose of the present study was to test whether perioperative care impacts thirty-day outcomes, with patient characteristics being taken into account.

Methods: A national sample of 5683 community-dwelling male veterans with an age of sixty-five years or older who had been hospitalized for the operative treatment of a hip fracture at one of 108 Veterans Administration hospitals between 1998 and 2003 was identified from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data set. Operative care characteristics were assessed in relation to thirty-day outcomes (mortality, complications, and readmission to a Veterans Administration facility for inpatient care).

Results: A surgical delay of four days or more after admission was associated with a higher adjusted mortality risk (odds ratio, 1.29; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.61) but a reduced risk of readmission (odds ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.54 to 0.91). Compared with spinal or epidural anesthesia, general anesthesia was related to a significantly higher risk of both mortality (odds ratio, 1.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 1.55) and complications (odds ratio, 1.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.15 to 1.53). The type of procedure was not significantly associated with outcome after controlling for other variables in the model. However, a higher American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification (ASA class) was associated with worse thirty-day outcomes.

Conclusions: In addition to recognizing the importance of patient-related factors, we identified operative factors that were related to thirty-day surgical outcomes. It will be important to investigate whether modifying operative factors, such as reducing surgical delays to less than four days, can directly improve the outcomes of hip fracture repair.

Level of Evidence: Prognostic Level II. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

1Colorado REAP to Improve Care Coordination, VA Eastern Colorado Health Care System, 1055 Clermont Street (MS 151), Denver, CO 80220. E-mail address for T.A. Radcliff:

2Colorado Health Outcomes Program, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, 12477 East 19th Avenue, Building 406, Aurora, CO 80045

3Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, 4200 East 9th Ave (B113), Denver, CO 80262

4Brockton/West Roxbury VA Medical Center, Roxbury Massachusetts, 940 Belmont Street (MS 112/NSQIP), Brockton, MA 02301

5Western Slope Study Group, 2356 North 7th Street, Grand Junction, CO 81501-8101

Copyright 2008 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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