Background: Although initial reports on posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis have been encouraging, a high rate of late instability necessitating revision has been reported recently. The purpose of the present prospective study was to analyze the results of posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Methods: Seventy‐two posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasties in fifty‐one patients with rheumatoid arthritis were studied prospectively. All procedures were performed with the Miller-Galante I prosthesis. Eighteen patients (twenty-four knees) died before the eight-year follow‐up and one patient (two knees) was lost to follow-up, leaving forty-six knees (thirty-two patients) for review. These forty-six knees were evaluated clinically (with particular attention to posterior instability) and radiographically at annual intervals for a mean of 10.5 years (range, eight to fourteen years).
Results: Forty-four (95%) of forty-six knees had a good or excellent result at a mean of 10.5 years. However, nine (13%) of the original seventy-two knees had revision of the implant, with six of the revisions performed because of failure of a metal‐backed patellar component. The rate of survival at ten years was 93% 4% with femoral or tibial revision for any reason as the end point and 81% 5% with any reoperation as the end point. There was no aseptic loosening in any knee. Posterior instability was identified clinically and/or radiographically in two (2.8%) of the original seventy-two knees; both unstable knees were in the same patient.
Conclusion: Posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty yielded satisfactory clinical and radiographic results in patients with rheumatoid arthritis at intermediate-term follow‐up (mean, 10.5 years). Therefore, we believe that it remains an excellent treatment option for these patients.
Michael J. Archibeck, MD; New Mexico Orthopaedics, 201 Cedar Street S.E., Suite 6600, Albuquerque, NM 87106
Richard A. Berger, MD; Regina M. Barden, RN; Joshua J. Jacobs, MD; Mitchell B. Sheinkop, MD; Aaron G. Rosenberg, MD; Jorge O. Galante, MD; Midwest Orthopaedics, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612