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END RESULTS OF THE SPINE-FUSION OPERATION FOR TUBERCULOSIS OF THE SPINE.

SWIFT, WALKER E.
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery: July 1940
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1. Spine-fusion operations for tuberculosis of the spine were performed on 817 patients in the twenty-year period 1911 to 1930. Seventyone per cent. of these patients were followed for at least five years; of these, 61 per cent. were followed for periods of from ten to twenty-four years.

2. The demonstrable and expected benefits of a successful spine fusion are:

a. Rest to the diseased area;

b. Subsidence of the activity of the lesion at an early date;

c. Maintenance of the kyphos at the minimum amount of deformity;

d. Growth of the vertebral bodies in the fused area in children;

e. Possibility of the patient's being ambulatory at an early date;

f. Attainment of a permanent healthy roentgenographic appearance of the diseased vertebrae.

3. Excellent results were obtained in 72 per cent. of the children and in 53 per cent. of the older patients.

(C) 1940 All Rights Reserved.The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.

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