1. The propulsive action of the great toe is not essential for normal gait.
2. From a study of fourteen cases in which the first metatarsophalangeal joint was fused, the optimum position for arthrodesis of the great toe has been determined as not less than 15 degrees from the plane of the ground with the shoes on.
(C) 1940 All Rights Reserved.The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.