Background: As medical costs rise, more patients are paying cash for joint replacement surgery in developing countries. The objective of this study was to assess the relative risk for medical tourism arthroplasty patients.
Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to identify general and orthopaedic medical tourism articles.
Results: A systematic review of the literature identified 515 medical tourism articles; 6 were specific to orthopaedics. Themes included economic effect, patient experience, motivations, and informed consent.
Conclusions: Although medical tourists can undergo cost-effective arthroplasties in developing countries, the current literature does not quantify the infection and complication risk compared with that of arthroplasties performed in the U.S.
1Coordinated Health, Allentown, Pennsylvania