Knee pathology represents one of the most common presentations in orthopaedic and sports medicine settings. Meniscal tears represent a large percentage of this pathology and are a common instigator of knee pain. Current literature that was analyzed for this article focuses on utilization of high-resolution ultrasound for the diagnosis of meniscal tears rather than magnetic resonance imaging. This review presents the benefits of ultrasonography and delves into the feasibility of introducing this as a diagnostic modality. For meniscal tear treatment, data demonstrating the degenerative osteochondral damage identified after meniscectomy as well as modalities for successful repair of avascular tears were also reviewed in the literature.
1Physician Assistant Program, OU-TU School of Community Medicine, Tulsa, Oklahoma