You could be reading the full-text of this article now if you...

If you have access to this article through your institution,
you can view this article in

Employee Attitudes About Moving Toward a Smoke-Free Campus at a Veterans Affairs Hospital

Duffy, Sonia A. PhD, RN, FAAN; Ewing, Lee A. MPH; Welsh, Deborah E. MS, BA; Flanagan, Petra S. PharmD; Waltje, Andrea H. RN, MS; Breedveld, Stacey B. RN, MSN; Young, Eric W. MD

Journal of Addictions Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/JAN.0b013e318292947e
Original Articles

Background: Although Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals have been smoke-free inside of buildings since 1991, smoke-free campuses have not been initiated. The purpose of this article is to describe staff attitudes regarding making the VA hospital a smoke-free campus except for the mandated smoking shelters.

Methods: In 2008, a cross-sectional, anonymous survey was conducted with a convenience sample of employees at a Midwestern VA (N = 397).

Results: Descriptive statistics showed that the vast number of employees were in support of a smoke-free campus (76%), relocating the smoking shelters (62%), and offering employees assistance to quit smoking (71%). Multivariate analyses showed that those who were nonsmokers, older, women, and higher educated were the greatest supporters of policies to support a smoke-free environment (p < .05). Write-in comments were generally favorable but also revealed employee resistance related to freedom, personal choice, and potential loss in productivity as smokers go further away from the building to smoke.

Conclusions: VA hospitals have unique challenges in implementing smoke-free campus policies.

Author Information

Sonia A. Duffy, PhD, RN, FAAN, VA Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, and School of Nursing and Departments of Otolaryngology and Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Lee A. Ewing, MPH, and Deborah E. Welsh, MS, BA, VA Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Petra S. Flanagan, PharmD, Stacey B. Breedveld, RN, MSN, and Eric W. Young, MD, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Andrea H. Waltje, RN, MS, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the article.

Correspondence related to content to: Sonia A. Duffy, PhD, RN, FAAN, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, 2215 Fuller Rd. Ann Arbor, MI 48105. E-mail:

© 2013International Nurses Society on Addictions

You currently do not have access to this article.

You may need to:

Note: If your society membership provides for full-access to this article, you may need to login on your society’s web site first.