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Journal of Addictions Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/JAN.0b013e318292947e
Original Articles

Employee Attitudes About Moving Toward a Smoke-Free Campus at a Veterans Affairs Hospital

Duffy, Sonia A. PhD, RN, FAAN; Ewing, Lee A. MPH; Welsh, Deborah E. MS, BA; Flanagan, Petra S. PharmD; Waltje, Andrea H. RN, MS; Breedveld, Stacey B. RN, MSN; Young, Eric W. MD

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Abstract

Background:

Although Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals have been smoke-free inside of buildings since 1991, smoke-free campuses have not been initiated. The purpose of this article is to describe staff attitudes regarding making the VA hospital a smoke-free campus except for the mandated smoking shelters.

Methods:

In 2008, a cross-sectional, anonymous survey was conducted with a convenience sample of employees at a Midwestern VA (N = 397).

Results:

Descriptive statistics showed that the vast number of employees were in support of a smoke-free campus (76%), relocating the smoking shelters (62%), and offering employees assistance to quit smoking (71%). Multivariate analyses showed that those who were nonsmokers, older, women, and higher educated were the greatest supporters of policies to support a smoke-free environment (p < .05). Write-in comments were generally favorable but also revealed employee resistance related to freedom, personal choice, and potential loss in productivity as smokers go further away from the building to smoke.

Conclusions:

VA hospitals have unique challenges in implementing smoke-free campus policies.

Copyright © 2013 International Nurses Society on Addictions

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