Skip Navigation LinksHome > July 1, 2005 - Volume 39 - Issue 3 > Induction With Abacavir/Lamivudine/Zidovudine Plus Efavirenz...
Text sizing:
JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:
Rapid Communication

Induction With Abacavir/Lamivudine/Zidovudine Plus Efavirenz for 48 Weeks Followed by 48-Week Maintenance With Abacavir/Lamivudine/Zidovudine Alone in Antiretroviral-Naive HIV-1-Infected Patients

Markowitz, Martin MD*; Hill-Zabala, Christina PharmD†; Lang, Joseph MD‡; DeJesus, Edwin MD§; Liao, Qiming PhD†; Lanier, E Randall PhD†; Davis, E Anne PharmD, MS†; Shaefer, Mark PharmD†; for the ESS40013 Study Team

Collapse Box


Background: The ESS40013 study tested 4-drug induction followed by 3-drug maintenance as initial antiretroviral therapy (ART) to reduce HIV RNA rapidly and then to simplify to an effective yet more convenient and tolerable regimen.

Methods: Four hundred forty-eight antiretroviral-naive adults were treated with abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine (ABC/3TC/ZDV) and efavirenz (EFV) for the 48-week induction phase. Two hundred eighty-two patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to continue ABC/3TC/ZDV + EFV or to simplify to ABC/3TC/ZDV for the 48-week maintenance phase.

Results: The baseline median HIV RNA level and CD4 cell count were 5.08 log10 copies/mL (56% ≥100,000 copies/mL) and 210 cells/mm3 (48% <200 cells/mm3), respectively. No significant differences were noted between ABC/3TC/ZDV + EFV and ABC/3TC/ZDV for an HIV RNA level <50 copies/mL (79% vs. 77% [intent to treat (ITT), missing = failure]; P = 0.697) or time to treatment failure (P = 0.75) at week 96. Drug-related adverse events were more commonly reported for ABC/3TC/ZDV + EFV than for ABC/3TC/ZDV (15% vs. 6%). Improvements in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were observed in the ABC/3TC/ZDV group. Virologic failure occurred in 22 patients during induction and in 24 patients (16 in ABC/3TC/ZDV group and 8 in ABC/3TC/ZDV + EFV group; P = 0.134) during maintenance. A greater proportion of patients receiving ABC/3TC/ZDV than ABC/3TC/ZDV + EFV reported perfect adherence at week 96 (88.8% vs. 79.6%; P = 0.057).

Conclusions: After induction with ABC/3TC/ZDV + EFV, simplification to ABC/3TC/ZDV alone maintained virologic control and immunologic response, reduced fasting lipids and ART-associated adverse events, and improved adherence.

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


Article Tools


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.