Performance Characteristics of a New Less Sensitive HIV-1 Enzyme Immunoassay for Use in Estimating HIV Seroincidence.

Kothe, Denise; Byers, Robert H.; Caudill, Samuel P.; Satten, Glen A.; Janssen, Robert S.; Hannon, Harry W.; Mei, Joanne V.
JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:

: Less sensitive (LS) HIV-1 enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) have significantly improved the quantity and quality of HIV surveillance data. The first LS-HIV-1 EIA, the Abbott 3A11-LS, provided reliable incidence data, but the assay required specialized equipment, and the lack of available reagents made testing difficult. This study evaluated the use of an alternate assay, a modified version of the Vironostika HIV-1 EIA (Vironostika-LS), to be used for LS testing. The Vironostika-LS has similar performance characteristics to the Abbott 3A11-LS with additional advantages. This 96-well formatted assay is commonly found in public health laboratories for routine HIV-1 testing and can be used with both serum and dried blood spot specimens. The estimated mean time from seroconversion (defined using a standardized optical density cutoff of 1.0) with the Vironostika-LS was 170 days (95% CI, 145-200 days). When the Vironostika-LS was applied to a matched serum set previously tested with the Abbott 3A11-LS, the Vironostika-LS accurately identified 97% of specimens with recent or long-standing HIV infection. The paper also reports Vironostika-LS quality control guidelines and the results from 3 rounds of proficiency testing.

(C) 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.