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JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:
doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000282
Basic and Translational Science

PPARγ2 Pro12Ala Polymorphism Is Associated With Sustained Virological Response in HIV/HCV-Coinfected Patients Under HCV Therapy

Fernández-Rodríguez, Amanda PhD*; Berenguer, Juan MD, PhD†,‡; Rallón, Norma PhD§; Jiménez-Sousa, María A. PhD*; López, Juan Carlos MD, PhD; Soriano, Vicente MD, PhD; García-Álvarez, Mónica PhD*; Cosín, Jaime MD, PhD; Martínez, Paula PhD§; Guzmán-Fulgencio, María PhD*; Miralles, Pilar MD; Miguel Benito, José MD, PhD§; Resino, Salvador PhD*

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Abstract

Objectives: To analyze whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ2) rs1801282 (Pro12Ala) polymorphism is associated with the response to pegylated-interferon-alpha plus ribavirin treatment in HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients, and whether it is able to predict the outcome of HCV treatment.

Design: Retrospective follow-up study.

Methods: Two hundred eighty-five naive patients, who started HCV-treatment, were genotyped for PPARγ2 and interleukin 28B polymorphisms. Genetic data were analyzed under dominant inheritance model. Sustained virological response (SVR) was defined as undetectable HCV viremia through 24 weeks after the end of HCV treatment.

Results: The variables significantly associated with SVR in a multivariate analysis were HCV-genotype (GT) 3 {adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 7.66 [95% of confidence interval (95% CI): 3.96 to 14.81] P < 0.001}, HCV-viremia <500,000 IU/mL [aOR = 2.20 (95% CI: 1.16 to 4.15] P = 0.015), no/mild liver fibrosis (F < 2) [aOR = 1.92 (95% CI: 1.08 to 3.42) P = 0.026], IL28B rs12980275 AA genotype [aOR = 2.70 (95% CI: 1.54 to 4.71) P < 0.001], and PPARγ2 rs1801282 CG/GG genotype [aOR = 2.93 (95% CI: 1.27 to 6.72) P = 0.011]. When PPARγ2 rs1801282 genotype was included in a decision tree analysis, HCV-GT3 patients with CG/GG genotype had increased SVR from 80.3% to 100%. In GT1/4 patients, rs12980275 AA carriers had increased SVR from 58.7% to 78.6%, and rs12980275 AG/GG carriers had increased SVR from 28.7% to 35.7%. The overall percentage of patients correctly classified was 71.6% and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves was 0.766 ± 0.028.

Conclusions: The presence of PPARγ2 rs1801282 G allele (Ala variant) was associated with increased odds for achieving SVR in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients on HCV treatment.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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