Skip Navigation LinksHome > October 1, 2013 - Volume 64 - Issue 2 > Virologic Response, Early HIV-1 Decay, and Maraviroc Pharmac...
JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:
doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3182a03d95
Clinical Science

Virologic Response, Early HIV-1 Decay, and Maraviroc Pharmacokinetics With the Nucleos(t)ide-Free Regimen of MaravIroc Plus Darunavir/Ritonavir in a Pilot Study

Taiwo, Babafemi MBBS*; Acosta, Edward P. PharmD; Ryscavage, Patrick MD; Berzins, Baiba MPH*; Lu, Darlene PhD§; Lalezari, Jay MD; Castro, Jose MD; Adeyemi, Oluwatoyin MD#; Kuritzkes, Daniel R. MD**; Eron, Joseph J. MD††; Tsibris, Athe MD**; Swindells, Susan MBBS‡‡

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Abstract

Objective: To address the need for nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)–sparing regimens, we explored the virologic and pharmacokinetic characteristics of maraviroc plus ritonavir-boosted darunavir in a single-arm, open-label, 96-week study.

Methods: Twenty-four antiretroviral-naive R5 HIV-1–infected participants received maraviroc 150 mg and darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) 800/100 mg (MVC/DRV/r) once daily. The primary outcome was virologic failure (VF) = confirmed viral load (VL) >50 copies per milliliter at week 24 in the modified intent-to-treat population. To determine viral dynamics, participant-specific first- and second-phase empirical Bayes estimates were compared with decay rates from efavirenz (EFV) plus lopinavir/ritonavir, lopinavir/ritonavir plus 2NRTIs, and EFV plus 2NRTIs. Maraviroc plasma concentrations were determined at weeks 2, 4, 12, 24, and 48.

Results: Baseline median (Q1, Q3) CD4 count and VL were 455 (299, 607) cells per cubic millimeter and 4.62 (4.18, 4.80) log10 copies per milliliter, respectively. VF occurred in 3 of 24 participants {12.5% [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.7 to 32.4]} at week 24. One of these resuppressed, yielding a week 48 VF rate of 2/24 [8.3% (95% CI: 1.0 to 27.0)]. The week 48 failures were 2 of the 4 participants (50%) with baseline VL >100,000 copies per milliliter. Week 96 VF rate was 2/20 [10% (95% CI: 1.2 to 31.7)]. Phase 1 decay was faster with MVC/DRV/r than reported for ritonavir-boosted lopinavir plus 2NRTIs (P = 0.0063) and similar to EFV-based regimens. Individual maraviroc trough concentrations collected between 20 and 28 hours post dose (n = 59) was 13.7 to 130 ng/mL (Q1, 23.4 ng/mL; Q3, 46.5 ng/mL), and modeled steady-state concentration was 128 ng/mL.

Conclusions: MVC/DRV/r 150/800/100 mg once daily has potential for treatment-naive patients with R5 HIV-1.

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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