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The Changing Pattern of Hospital Care for Persons Living With HIV: 2000 Through 2004

Hellinger, Fred J PhD

JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: June 1st, 2007 - Volume 45 - Issue 2 - p 239-246
doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3180517407
Epidemiology and Social Science

Objective: To compare inpatient utilization and costs by persons living with HIV in 2000 with inpatient utilization and costs in 2004.

Data Sources: Data on 91,343 hospital discharge abstracts representing all HIV-related admissions in 6 states (California, Florida, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, and Washington state) in 2000 and data from 72,829 hospital discharge abstracts representing all HIV-related admissions in the same states in 2004 are used. These data were obtained from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, and they were combined with data on the number of persons living with HIV that were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and 2 state departments of health.

Study Design: This study compares the hospital care received by persons living with HIV in 6 states in calendar year 2000 with the hospital care received by persons living with HIV in calendar year 2004 in the same 6 states. This study also compares population-based measures of hospital utilization (ie, to measure the average utilization of hospital care per person living with HIV in each state) across the 6 states.

Results: This study found that the average age of a hospitalized patient with HIV rose from 41 to 44 years and that the average number of diagnoses rose from 6.0 to 7.4. Moreover, it was found that the average number of admissions per person living with HIV fell 39% and that the percentages of female and black patients with HIV remained the same.

Conclusions: Hospitalized patients living with HIV are getting older and sicker, although the average number of admissions per person living with HIV continues to fall.

From the Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.

Received for publication September 28, 2006; accepted February 23, 2007.

Reprints: Fred J. Hellinger, PhD, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850 (e-mail: fhelling@ahrq.gov).

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.