Safety of Antiretroviral Prophylaxis of Perinatal Transmission for HIV-Infected Pregnant Women and Their Infants.Mofenson, Lynne M.; Munderi, PaulaJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: June 1, 2002 doi: 10.1097/01.QAI.0000018366.28828.86 Rapid Communications: PDF Only Abstract : Worldwide, more than 1600 infants become infected with HIV each day. Almost all infections are a result of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, with most of these infections occurring in resource-poor countries. In developed countries, antiretroviral prophylaxis has dramatically reduced perinatal transmission to <2%. The potential now exists to extend this success to resource-poor countries using effective but shorter and less expensive antiretroviral regimens. With the potential widespread use of antiretroviral therapy for perinatal HIV prevention in resource-limited settings, there will be exposure of increasing numbers of infants to in utero and postpartum antiretroviral drugs for which long-term toxicity data is unknown. This article focuses on a review of what is known about safety of antiretroviral regimens used to interrupt mother-to-child transmission for women and their children. (C) 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.