Skip Navigation LinksHome > February 1992 - Volume 5 - Issue 2 > Identification of B-Cell Antigenic Sites on HIV-2 gp125.
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes:
Article: PDF Only

Identification of B-Cell Antigenic Sites on HIV-2 gp125.

Mannervik, Mattias; Putkonen, Per; Rudén, Ulla; Kent, Karen A.; Norrby, Erling; Wahren, Britta; Broliden, Per Anders

Collapse Box


Summary: Synthetic peptides were used to identify continuous antigenic sites on the external envelope glycoprotein gp125 of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-2. Initially, seven HIV-2-positive human serum samples were screened with 172 sequential nonapeptides containing a six-amino-acid overlap. This represents the entire gp125 molecule of HIV-2ISY. The antibody reactivity was found to be mainly restricted to 14 regions within gp125. Following these results, 33 longer peptides, 15-24 amino acids in length, were synthesized and tested against a larger number of samples. Eleven antigenic regions were thus identified. Two of these were detected within a region corresponding to the C1 region and four others within a region corresponding to the C2 region of HIV-1. The highest frequency of reactivity (90%) of 31 HIV-2 seropositive human serum samples was elicited by three peptides from a region corresponding to the V3 region of HIV-1. The C-terminal portion of this region was recognized by almost 80% of the samples. Reactive regions corresponding to the V4, V5, and N-terminal portion of V4 were also identified. A mouse monoclonal antibody reacting with gp125 was mapped to the N-terminal region of the molecule and was found to react with the sequence DVWNLFETS. The peptides were used to evaluate the antibody response of monkeys immunized with whole killed HIV-2 or simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). The monkeys showed a pattern of reactivity similar to HIV-2-infected human serum samples. Postinfection samples from monkeys inoculated with HIV-2 or SIV reacted mainly to peptides from the V3 region. Two peptides were used to detect the seroconversion of two SIV-infected monkeys. Thus, we have demonstrated that human seroreactivity to HIV-2 gp125 occurs at a few distinct linear antigenic sites distributed at similar positions on the molecule as those in HIV-1 gp120.

(C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers.


Article Tools


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.