Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndromeBrown, Anson MSHS, PA-CJournal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants: January 2014 - Volume 27 - Issue 1 - p 1–3 doi: 10.1097/01.JAA.0000438543.18828.f0 Case Report Abstract Author Information ABSTRACT Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be a lifesaving intervention in patients with severe respiratory failure and in patients with medically refractory cardiac failure post-cardiac surgery. ECMO uses a venous cannula to drain blood into a circuit where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged; blood is returned to the patient bypassing the pulmonary system (venovenous ECMO) or via an arterial cannula to bypass the lungs and heart (venoarterial ECMO). Anson Brown practices in the surgical intensive care unit/cardiovascular recovery unit at Medstar Washington Hospital Center in Washington, DC. The author has indicated no relationships to disclose relating to the content of this article. © 2014 American Academy of Physician Assistants.