Current literature regarding the prevalence of child abuse and neglect, resulting developmental impacts on children, and early intervention services for children and families involved in the child welfare system is summarized. While early intervention eligibility referrals are mandated for this population under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 2003, Part C, maltreated children remain underrepresented and services remain underutilized. Reasons for this underutilization and weak links in service provisions for families involved in child welfare are examined. In addition, barriers for service provision of children and families involved in the welfare system and recommendations for improving outcomes, including enhanced professional development, are presented.
Special Education and Clinical Sciences (Ms Moxley and Dr Squires) and Family and Human Services (Dr Lindstrom), Counseling Psychology and Human Services, College of Education, University of Oregon, Eugene.
Correspondence: Kathleen M. Moxley, MS, Special Education and Clinical Sciences, University of Oregon, 1585 East 13th Ave, Eugene, OR 97403 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The authors thank Erin Barton, PhD, University of Colorado Denver, for comments and suggestions on related drafts.
The authors would also like to thank Rhea Cramer, MS, for her contributions regarding working with families involved in child welfare.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.