In family-centered intervention, one important issue is to support families' different ways to manage stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether professionals encourage positive coping strategies in families of children with disabilities. Data (videotaped planning meetings and interviews) from 5 families enrolled in intervention programs were used. The data were analyzed deductively by applying theoretical concepts of 4 types of positive coping. Goal-directed problem-focused coping was the most frequently used type of coping, together with spiritual beliefs and practices. Professional encouragement of families' own strategy to solve problems occurring in everyday life must focus not only on explicit problem solving but also on the use of supplemental coping types.
School of Welfare and Health, Mälardalen University, Västerås, and Division of Nursing, Caring Sciences and Society, Department of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden (Ms Ylvén); and Department of Behavioral Science and Social Work, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping, Sweden (Mr Granlund).
Corresponding Author: Regina Ylvén, School of Welfare and Health, Mälardalen University, PO Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden (firstname.lastname@example.org).
This study was funded by the Health Care Sciences Postgraduate School in Sweden and by the DIIS project (ISB9-266/06).